Assessment of Nutritional Status in Older Persons—2nd Edition

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Geriatric Nutrition".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 5 October 2024 | Viewed by 873

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Medical School in Sao Paulo, University of São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto 14049-900, SP, Brazil
Interests: nutrition and aging; frailty syndrome; sarcopenia; intrinsic capacity; body composition; energy expenditure
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Department of Health Sciences, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo 14049-900, Brazil
2. Department of Biotechnology, University of Ribeirão Preto, Avenue Costábile Romano 2201, Ribeirão Preto 14096-900, Brazil
Interests: nutrition and ageing; frailty syndrome; sarcopenia; intrinsic capacity; body composition; energy expenditure; assessment nutrition; food intake assessment

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Guest Editor
Nutrition Coordination, Research Center for Food and Development (CIAD), A.C., Hermosillo 83304, Sonora, Mexico
Interests: geriatric nutrition; body composition; nutrition status; total energy expenditure and energy requirements; skeletal muscle; obesity classification and nutrition interventions in older people

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Malnutrition and risk of malnutrition, both are highly prevalent within the older population. Both are independently associated with declining functionality and relevant health deficits, such as functional status, impaired muscle function, anemia, sarcopenia, reduced cognitive function, poor wound healing and delayed recovery from surgery. Malnutrition is clearly associated with decreased bone mass, and immune dysfunction. Aging may contribute to malnutrition and risk of malnutrition through several mechanisms.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, social lifestyles have significantly changed, including changes in eating patterns and physical activity. This could lead to an increased risk of malnutrition. Additionally, older patients seem to be the most vulnerable group to COVID-19. These patients are usually characterized by impaired physical performance and malnutrition. Thus, nutrition assessment is vital in older adults, as it can bring about improved nutritional status and outcomes, and thus individual benefits for affected persons.

Considering the success of the previous Special Issue, we are pleased to announce that we are launching a second edition Special Issue on this topic. This Special Issue will continue to explore the principles and tools of successful nutritional screening and assessment in older persons. We also welcome research on the current handling of malnutrition in older people within different settings. In the present Special Issue, we welcome original articles, as well as narrative and systematic reviews.

Prof. Dr. Eduardo Ferriolli
Prof. Dr. Karina Pfrimer
Dr. Heliodoro Alemán-Mateo
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • malnutrition
  • risk of malnutrition
  • older people
  • sarcopenia
  • nutritional assessment
  • nutritional status

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

15 pages, 324 KiB  
Article
Prevalence of Malnutrition in a Group of Institutionalized Psychogeriatric Patients Using Different Diagnostic Criteria
by Beatriz de Mateo Silleras, Sara Barrera Ortega, Laura Carreño Enciso, Sandra de la Cruz Marcos and Paz Redondo del Río
Nutrients 2024, 16(8), 1116; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu16081116 - 10 Apr 2024
Viewed by 756
Abstract
Malnutrition (MN) is a highly prevalent condition in the elderly. It is associated with functional impairment, disability, frailty, and sarcopenia. The aim was to analyze the capacity of GLIM and ESPEN criteria to diagnose MN in a sample of institutionalized psychogeriatric patients. Clinical [...] Read more.
Malnutrition (MN) is a highly prevalent condition in the elderly. It is associated with functional impairment, disability, frailty, and sarcopenia. The aim was to analyze the capacity of GLIM and ESPEN criteria to diagnose MN in a sample of institutionalized psychogeriatric patients. Clinical and anthropometric data were collected in a cross-sectional study. Patients’ frailty, dependence, functional capacity, MNA, hand-grip strength (HS), and sarcopenia were evaluated. Body composition (BC) was estimated by conventional bioimpedance analysis. MN diagnosis was established using the ESPEN and the GLIM criteria based on fat-free mass index (GLIM-FFMI), appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (GLIM-ASMMI), skeletal muscle mass index (GLIM-SMMI), and HS (mGLIM). Ninety-two patients (57.6% men; mean age: 79.4 years) were studied. Depending on the diagnosis criteria, MN prevalence was between 25% (ESPEN) and 41.3% (GLIM-SMMI). Agreement between ESPEN and all GLIM criteria was poor, but it was excellent between all GLIM criteria (kappa > 0.8). Phenotypic criteria carried more weight in the diagnosis of MN than etiological ones. Depending on the parameter used, the prevalence of reduced muscle mass was notably different. Differences in BMI, BC, inflammation, and albumin are detected by the GLIM-FFMI criteria in the MN and non-MN subjects. Also, this criterion is the only one that identified differences in phase angle (PhA) between these groups. In the elderly, PhA can be very useful to monitor nutritional status. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Nutritional Status in Older Persons—2nd Edition)
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