New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future

A special issue of Textiles (ISSN 2673-7248).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2023) | Viewed by 63461

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances Naturelles et des Sciences des Aliments, ESIROI Département Agroalimentaire, Université de La Réunion, 2 rue Joseph Wetzell, F‐97490 Sainte‐Clotilde, La Réunion, France
Interests: sustainable textile; microbial biotechnology; microbial production of pigments and colorants; fermentation; bioprocess engineering and fermentation technology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Textiles is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal, launched in 2020. It concerns research and innovation in the field of textile materials. This field is very broad and covers many topics. Textile materials composed of fibers linked by weaving, braiding, knitting, or sewing constitute a wide range of materials and are essential for many applications. They both are ancestral materials used since antiquity and are used for advanced applications, such as composites in aeronautics or the medical industry (Boisse, 2021).

Textiles, an open-access international journal by MDPI (Basel, Switzerland), focuses on the broad field of textile materials and topics including, but not limited to the following: fibers and yarns for textiles, properties, and microstructures; advances in weaving, braiding, and knitting technologies; 3D textiles; nonwovens; structure and properties of high-performance textiles; characterization and testing of textiles; fatigue, damage, and failure of textile; friction in textile materials; simulation in textile; textile and clothing science; sustainable fibers and textiles; dyeing textiles; microbial and plant pigments for the textile industry; microbial enzymes in the textile industry; bio-polishing; bioconversion of waste fabric; microbial wastewater treatment; microbial silk; bacterial cellulose; recycling in textiles; fashion and apparel design; textile composite; preform and prepreg draping; medical textile materials; textile materials for civil engineering applications; geotextiles; smart textiles; protective and thermal protective textiles; textile history and archeology (Boisse, 2021).

Textiles has published articles that can be found here:

https://www.mdpi.com/search?q=&journal=textiles&sort=pubdate&page_count=50

Boisse P. (2021). Editorial. Textiles: Multidisciplinary Open Access Journal in Research and Innovation of Textiles. Textiles, 1, 1–3. https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles1010001

More information about the Publisher here:

https://www.mdpi.com/anniversary25

In order to demonstrate the huge impact of textile research and technology in the world, the Publisher and Editorial Board decided to invite contributions, feature papers, from key and world-class researchers to be collected in a single Special Issue entitled ‘New world research trends for textiles’. This task was conducted between May 2021 and August 2022 with great success (24 papers published in this Special Issue).

https://www.mdpi.com/journal/textiles/special_issues/trends_textiles

PLEASE HAVE A LOOK

It is my pleasure, our pleasure with MDPI team and Editor-in-Chief, to announce that a second volume entitled

‘New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future’.

We therefore warmly welcome your contributions,

Sincerely,

Prof. Dr. Laurent Dufossé
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Textiles is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • textile
  • fiber
  • yarn
  • clothing
  • sustainable
  • recycling
  • design
  • medical
  • smart
  • protective

Published Papers (12 papers)

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Research

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19 pages, 6839 KiB  
Article
Turkey Red Oil as a Renewable Leveling and Dispersant Option for Polyester Dyeing with Dispersed Dyes
by Jully Schmidt Pinto Filippi, Angelo Oliveira Silva, Cintia Marangoni, Jeferson Correia, José Alexandre Borges Valle and Rita de Cassia Siqueira Curto Valle
Textiles 2023, 3(2), 163-181; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles3020012 - 22 Apr 2023
Viewed by 2948
Abstract
The objective of this work was to evaluate Turkey red oil as a renewable dispersant and leveling option for dyeing polyester knitted fabric with disperse dyes. The dyeing results were evaluated by measuring the color at several positions of the dyed samples to [...] Read more.
The objective of this work was to evaluate Turkey red oil as a renewable dispersant and leveling option for dyeing polyester knitted fabric with disperse dyes. The dyeing results were evaluated by measuring the color at several positions of the dyed samples to verify the levelness. In addition, the amount of residual dye was evaluated. Migration tests were also carried out to evaluate the leveling effectiveness of Turkey red oil. Wet rubbing and washing fastness analysis, hydrophilicity, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), surface analysis with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and modification of functional groups by FTIR were also carried out. The results obtained in the analyses show that Turkey red oil is efficient as a dispersant and leveling agent when compared to the well-known sodium naphthalene sulfonate. It is concluded that Turkey red oil reduces the time of the dyeing process and consequently its energy consumption, and reduces the amount of effluent generated while improving hydrophilicity and fastness, thus being a renewable and sustainable option for current products based on petroleum. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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13 pages, 4347 KiB  
Article
Numerical and Experimental Investigation on Bending Behavior for High-Performance Fiber Yarns Considering Probability Distribution of Fiber Strength
by Yu Wang, Xuejiao Li, Junbo Xie, Ning Wu, Yanan Jiao and Peng Wang
Textiles 2023, 3(1), 129-141; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles3010010 - 18 Feb 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2238
Abstract
The performance of fiber-reinforced composite materials is significantly influenced by the mechanical properties of the yarns. Predictive simulations of the mechanical response of yarns are, thus, necessary for fiber-reinforced composite materials. This paper developed a novel experiment equipment and approach to characterize the [...] Read more.
The performance of fiber-reinforced composite materials is significantly influenced by the mechanical properties of the yarns. Predictive simulations of the mechanical response of yarns are, thus, necessary for fiber-reinforced composite materials. This paper developed a novel experiment equipment and approach to characterize the bending behavior of yarns, which was also analyzed by characterization parameters, bending load, bending stiffness, and realistic contact area. Inspired by the digital element approach, an improved modeling methodology with the probability distribution was employed to establish the geometry model of yarns and simulated bending behavior of yarns by defining the crimp strain of fibers in the yarn and the effective elastic modulus of yarns as random variables. The accuracy of the developed model was confirmed by the experimental approach. More bending behavior of yarns, including the twisted and plied yarns, was predicted by numerical simulation. Additionally, models revealed that twist level and number of plies affect yarn bending properties, which need to be adopted as sufficient conditions for the mechanical analysis of fiber-reinforced composite materials. This efficient experiment and modeling method is meaningful to be developed in further virtual weaving research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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14 pages, 1834 KiB  
Article
Tactile Perception of Woven Fabrics by a Sliding Index Finger with Emphasis on Individual Differences
by Raphael Romao Santos, Masumi Nakanishi and Sachiko Sukigara
Textiles 2023, 3(1), 115-128; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles3010009 - 16 Feb 2023
Viewed by 1733
Abstract
Haptic sensing by sliding fingers over a fabric is a common behavior in consumers when wearing garments. Prior studies have found important characteristics that shape the evaluation criteria and influence the preference of consumers regarding fabrics. This study analyzed the tactile perception of [...] Read more.
Haptic sensing by sliding fingers over a fabric is a common behavior in consumers when wearing garments. Prior studies have found important characteristics that shape the evaluation criteria and influence the preference of consumers regarding fabrics. This study analyzed the tactile perception of selected woven fabrics, with an emphasis on the participants’ individual differences. Individual differences generally are discarded in sensory experiments by averaging them. Small differences among consumers can be important for understanding the factors driving consumer preferences. For this study, 28 participants assessed fabrics with very distinct surface, compression, and heat transferring properties by sliding their index fingers along the surface of the fabric. The participants also engaged in a descriptive sensory analysis. The physical properties of the fabric were measured using the Kawabata Evaluation System for Fabrics (KES-F) system. Moreover, parameters at the finger–fabric interface, such as the contact force, finger speed, and skin vibration, were measured during the assessment. This study used analysis of variance to eliminate nonsignificant attributes. Consonance analysis was performed using principal component analysis (PCA) on the unfolded sensory and interface data matrices. Finally, the physical and interface data were regressed onto sensory data. The results showed that the contact force and finger speed were nonsignificant, while skin vibration was a possible replacement for surface physical properties measured by the Kawabata Evaluation System for Fabrics (KES-F) system with an equal or slightly improved explainability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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10 pages, 1444 KiB  
Article
Prediction of Shrinkage Behavior of Stretch Fabrics Using Machine-Learning Based Artificial Neural Network
by Meenakshi Ahirwar and B. K. Behera
Textiles 2023, 3(1), 88-97; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles3010007 - 2 Feb 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2516
Abstract
Stretch fabric provides good formability and does not restrict the movement of the body for increased tension levels. The major expectations of a wearer in an apparel fabric are a high level of mechanical comfort and good aesthetics. The prediction of shrinkage in [...] Read more.
Stretch fabric provides good formability and does not restrict the movement of the body for increased tension levels. The major expectations of a wearer in an apparel fabric are a high level of mechanical comfort and good aesthetics. The prediction of shrinkage in stretch fabric is a very complex and unexplored topic. There are no existing formulas that can effectively predict the shrinkage of stretch fabrics. The purpose of this paper is to develop a novel model based on an artificial neural network to predict the shrinkage of stretch fabrics. Different stretch fabrics (core-spun lycra yarn) with stretch in the weft direction were manufactured in the industry using a miniature weaving machine. A model was built using an artificial neural network method, including training of the data set, followed by testing of the model on the test data set. The correlation of factors, such as warp count, weft count, greige PPI, greige EPI, and greige width, was established with respect to boil-off width. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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22 pages, 32969 KiB  
Article
Use of Rotary Ultrasonic Plastic Welding as a Continuous Interconnection Technology for Large-Area e-Textiles
by Christian Dils, Sebastian Hohner and Martin Schneider-Ramelow
Textiles 2023, 3(1), 66-87; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles3010006 - 28 Jan 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2435
Abstract
For textile-based electronic systems with multiple contacts distributed over a large area, it is very complex to create reliable electrical and mechanical interconnections. In this work, we report for the first time on the use of rotating ultrasonic polymer welding for the continuous [...] Read more.
For textile-based electronic systems with multiple contacts distributed over a large area, it is very complex to create reliable electrical and mechanical interconnections. In this work, we report for the first time on the use of rotating ultrasonic polymer welding for the continuous integration and interconnection of highly conductive ribbons with textile-integrated conductive tracks. For this purpose, the conductive ribbons are prelaminated on the bottom side with a thermoplastic film, which serves as an adhesion agent to the textile carrier, and another thermoplastic film is laminated on the top side, which serves as an electrical insulation layer. Experimental tests are used to investigate the optimum welding process parameters for each material combination. The interconnects are initially electrically measured and then tested by thermal cycling, moisture aging, buckling and washing tests, followed by electrical and optical analyses. The interconnects obtained are very low ohmic across the materials tested, with resulting contact resistances between 1 and 5 mOhm. Material-dependent results were observed in the reliability tests, with climatic and mechanical tests performing better than the wash tests for all materials. In addition, the development of a heated functional prototype demonstrates a first industrial application. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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24 pages, 1838 KiB  
Article
Eco-Friendly Natural Thickener (Pectin) Extracted from Fruit Peels for Valuable Utilization in Textile Printing as a Thickening Agent
by Sara A. Ebrahim, Hanan A. Othman, Mohamed M. Mosaad and Ahmed G. Hassabo
Textiles 2023, 3(1), 26-49; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles3010003 - 11 Jan 2023
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 6506
Abstract
Fruit peels are a rich source of many substances, such as pectin. Extraction of natural thickening agent (pectin) from fruit waste such as (orange and pomegranate peels) is an environmentally friendly alternative to commercial thickeners and is cheap for use in the printing [...] Read more.
Fruit peels are a rich source of many substances, such as pectin. Extraction of natural thickening agent (pectin) from fruit waste such as (orange and pomegranate peels) is an environmentally friendly alternative to commercial thickeners and is cheap for use in the printing of natural and synthetic fabrics, especially polyester and polyacrylic fabrics. Hexamine was used to treat the extracted pectin to make it appropriate for use in an alkali medium for printing cotton fabric. The results showed that the extracted and modified pectin have good rheological properties as well as bacterial resistance. Pectin is suitable for use in an acidic medium. All the printed samples with pectin and its modified synthetic dyes (reactive, acid, and disperse) exhibited good fastness towards washing and wet and dry rubbing. The light fastness of printed textiles was excellent (7), which is more than using alginate as a thickener (5). In both acidic and alkaline perspiration, the perspiration fastness characteristic revealed 3–4 to 4–5 color differences. Colorfastness to rubbing was tested in both dry and wet conditions, and it was revealed that dry rubbing had the same effect as wet rubbing. Printed textiles using pectin or modified pectin as thickeners exhibit antibacterial activity. Physical and mechanical properties of all printed fabrics such as (tensile strength, elongation, and surface roughness) were enhanced. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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15 pages, 1539 KiB  
Article
Design Elements That Increase the Willingness to Pay for Denim Fabric Products
by Ryoga Miyauchi, Xiaoxiao Zhou and Yuki Inoue
Textiles 2023, 3(1), 11-25; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles3010002 - 5 Jan 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2498
Abstract
This study analyzed what design elements are attractive to consumers of denim fabric products. A questionnaire survey was used to investigate the brands and design elements that consumers prefer. Subsequently, the degree to which participating consumers liked the five design elements (traditional, transformative, [...] Read more.
This study analyzed what design elements are attractive to consumers of denim fabric products. A questionnaire survey was used to investigate the brands and design elements that consumers prefer. Subsequently, the degree to which participating consumers liked the five design elements (traditional, transformative, pattern, multi-material, and decorative designs), fast fashion brands, and luxury brands were used as explanatory variables to determine the consumers’ willingness to pay. A multiple regression analysis was performed on these variables. The results indicated that consumers who preferred traditional and transformative designs showed a positive effect on their willingness to pay for denim fabric products. Therefore, these elements could be attractive design elements that may command a high price point in new product planning proposals. Moreover, depending on the type of brand preferred by consumers, the impact of design elements on their purchase intention of denim fabric products has different consequences. This study analyzes the design elements preferred by consumers and contributes to the creation of design proposals by designers and apparel firms. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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24 pages, 4352 KiB  
Article
A New Perspective on the Textile and Apparel Industry in the Digital Transformation Era
by Waleed Hassan Akhtar, Chihiro Watanabe, Yuji Tou and Pekka Neittaanmäki
Textiles 2022, 2(4), 633-656; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles2040037 - 5 Dec 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 13700
Abstract
The textile and apparel (fashion) industry has been influenced by developments in societal socio-cultural and economic structures. Due to a change in people’s preferences from economic functionality to supra-functionality beyond economic value, the fashion industry is at the forefront of digitalization. The growing [...] Read more.
The textile and apparel (fashion) industry has been influenced by developments in societal socio-cultural and economic structures. Due to a change in people’s preferences from economic functionality to supra-functionality beyond economic value, the fashion industry is at the forefront of digitalization. The growing digitalization in the fashion industry corresponds to digital fashion, which can satisfy the rapid shift in consumers’ preferences. This paper explores the evolving con-cept of innovations in digital fashion in the textile and apparel industry. Specifically, it centers on the evaluation of Amazon’s digital fashion initiatives, which have made the platform the United States’ top fashion retailer. An analysis of the business model of Amazon’s digital fashion business showed that with the advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) powered by advanced Amazon Web Services (AWS), Amazon has introduced novel digital solutions for the fashion industry, such as advanced digital fashions (ADFs), on-demand manufacturing, neo-luxury, and, ultimately, cloud-based digital fashion platforms, that is, a supra-omnichannel, where all stakeholders are integrated, and their activities are visible in real time. This can be attributed to the learning orchestration externality strategy. This study concludes that with the advancement of digital innovations, Amazon has fused a self-propagating function that advances digital solutions. This study shows that Amazon is the largest R&D company. Its R&D process is based on users’ knowledge gained by their participation through AWS-driven ICT tools. This promotes a culture of experimentation in the development of user-driven innovations. Such innovations have further advanced the functionality of AWS in data analysis and business solutions. This dynamism promotes the development of soft innovation resources and revenue streams. These endeavors are demonstrated in a model, and their reliability is validated through an empirical analysis focused on the emergence of ADF solutions. Therefore, based on an analysis of the development trajectories of Amazon’s digital fashion technologies, such as ADFs, on-demand manufacturing, and neo-luxury, insightful suggestions and a framework for solutions beyond e-commerce are provided. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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9 pages, 770 KiB  
Article
Comparative Analysis of the Liquid CO2 Washing with Conventional Wash on Firefighters’ Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
by Arjunsing Girase, Donald Thompson and Robert Bryan Ormond
Textiles 2022, 2(4), 624-632; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles2040036 - 25 Nov 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 9181
Abstract
Firefighters are exposed to several potentially carcinogenic fireground contaminants. The current NFPA 1851 washing procedures are less effective in cleaning due to the limited intensity of the washing conditions that are used. The 2020 edition of NFPA 1851 has added limited specialized cleaning [...] Read more.
Firefighters are exposed to several potentially carcinogenic fireground contaminants. The current NFPA 1851 washing procedures are less effective in cleaning due to the limited intensity of the washing conditions that are used. The 2020 edition of NFPA 1851 has added limited specialized cleaning for higher efficacy. The liquid carbon dioxide (CO2) laundering technique has gained popularity in recent years due to its availability to remove contaminants and its eco-friendliness. The primary aim of this study is to address the firefighter questions regarding the efficacy of cleaning with liquid CO2 and to compare it with the conventional washing technique. The unused turnout jackets were contaminated with a mixture of fireground contaminants. These turnout jackets were cleaned with conventional NFPA 1851-appoved aqueous washing and a commercially available liquid CO2 method. Post-cleaning samples were analyzed for contamination using pressurized solvent extraction and GC-MS. The liquid CO2 technique demonstrated considerable improvement in washing efficiency compared to the conventional washing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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13 pages, 5071 KiB  
Article
An Assessment of Energy and Groundwater Consumption of Textile Dyeing Mills in Bangladesh and Minimization of Environmental Impacts via Long-Term Key Performance Indicators (KPI) Baseline
by Abdullah Al Mamun, Koushik Kumar Bormon, Mst Nigar Sultana Rasu, Amit Talukder, Charles Freeman, Reuben Burch and Harish Chander
Textiles 2022, 2(4), 511-523; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles2040029 - 28 Sep 2022
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 5549
Abstract
Bangladesh’s ready-made garment sectors have evolved to increase market share in the global textile supply chain. Textile sectors heavily rely on energy and groundwater consumption during production; mainly, textile dyeing mills contribute to the carbon footprint and water footprint impact to the environment. [...] Read more.
Bangladesh’s ready-made garment sectors have evolved to increase market share in the global textile supply chain. Textile sectors heavily rely on energy and groundwater consumption during production; mainly, textile dyeing mills contribute to the carbon footprint and water footprint impact to the environment. Textile dyeing mills have become one of the major industries responsible for the continuous depletion of groundwater levels and severe water pollution to the environment. Reduction of long-term key performance indicators (KPI) can be set to a baseline by reducing energy and groundwater consumption in textile dyeing mills. This study has analyzed the energy and groundwater consumption trend based on 15 textile dyeing mills in Bangladesh in 2019. The average dyed fabric production of 15 textile dyeing mills in 2019 was 7602.88 tons by consuming electricity and groundwater, and discharging treated effluent wastewater to the environment, in the amounts of 17,689.43 MWh, 961.26 million liters, and 640.24 million liters, respectively. The average KPI of treated effluent discharged wastewater was 97.27 L/kg, and energy consumption was 2.58 kWh/kg. Considering yearly 5% reduction strategies of groundwater and energy consumption for each factory could save around 355.43 million liters of water and 6540.68 MWh of electricity in 10 years (equivalent to 4167.08-ton CO2 emission). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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Review

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27 pages, 2292 KiB  
Review
Highly Specialized Textiles with Antimicrobial Functionality—Advances and Challenges
by Fulga Tanasa, Carmen-Alice Teaca, Marioara Nechifor, Maurusa Ignat, Ioana Alexandra Duceac and Leonard Ignat
Textiles 2023, 3(2), 219-245; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles3020015 - 18 May 2023
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 9226
Abstract
Textiles with antimicrobial functionality have been intensively and extensively investigated in the recent decades, mostly because they are present in everyday life in various applications: medicine and healthcare, sportswear, clothing and footwear, furniture and upholstery, air and water purification systems, food packaging etc. [...] Read more.
Textiles with antimicrobial functionality have been intensively and extensively investigated in the recent decades, mostly because they are present in everyday life in various applications: medicine and healthcare, sportswear, clothing and footwear, furniture and upholstery, air and water purification systems, food packaging etc. Their ability to kill or limit the growth of the microbial population in a certain context defines their activity against bacteria, fungi, and viruses, and even against the initial formation of the biofilm prior to microorganisms’ proliferation. Various classes of antimicrobials have been employed for these highly specialized textiles, namely, organic synthetic reagents and polymers, metals and metal oxides (micro- and nanoparticles), and natural and naturally derived compounds, and their activity and range of applications are critically assessed. At the same time, different modern processing techniques are reviewed in relation to their applications. This paper focuses on some advances and challenges in the field of antimicrobial textiles given their practical importance as it appears from the most recent reports in the literature. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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19 pages, 871 KiB  
Review
Supportive, Fitted, and Comfortable Bras for Individuals with Atypical Breast Shape/Size: Review of the Challenges and Proposed Roadmap
by Josephine Taiye Bolaji and Patricia I. Dolez
Textiles 2022, 2(4), 560-578; https://doi.org/10.3390/textiles2040032 - 24 Oct 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2945
Abstract
Individuals with atypical breast shape/size often find it quite challenging to obtain a comfortable, supportive, and fitted bra off-the-shelf. They include people with very large breasts, who have significant breast asymmetry, and/or have undergone mastectomy or mammoplasty. This paper provides insights in their [...] Read more.
Individuals with atypical breast shape/size often find it quite challenging to obtain a comfortable, supportive, and fitted bra off-the-shelf. They include people with very large breasts, who have significant breast asymmetry, and/or have undergone mastectomy or mammoplasty. This paper provides insights in their challenges and attempts to fill the gap in terms of critical review of the current state of knowledge around the topic of bras. Poor and ill fitted bras are associated with breast, chest and shoulder pain, embarrassment, and an overall reduction in quality of life among others. Building upon the advantages and limitations of solutions to improve the fit, support and comfort of bras found in the literature, this paper proposes strategies to solve these challenges. As the problem is multidisciplinary, a human-centered interdisciplinary approach is key to ensure that all aspects are considered at all stages of the process. A modular design allows selecting the fabric characteristics based on the requirements of each bra part. In terms of materials, stretch woven fabrics offer a large potential in the production of bras to enhance the support provided by areas such as the under band and back panels. Bespoke manufacturing takes into account the specificities of each individual. The road map proposed here will contribute to enhance the quality of life of individuals with atypical breast shape/size. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research Trends for Textiles, a Bright Future)
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