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Electronic Systems and Energy Harvesting Methods for Automation, Mechatronics and Automotive 2021-2022

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "G1: Smart Cities and Urban Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2022) | Viewed by 7223

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Departament of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Interests: design and testing of IoT-based electronic systems; smart remote control of facilities; electronic systems for automation and automotive; energy harvesting systems for sensors nodes; wearable devices for health monitoring; new materials and advanced sensors
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento, University Campus, Street for Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Interests: mechatronics; automation; control of mechanical systems; design and testing of sensors systems
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Smart and connected vehicles are becoming the “ultimate electronic devices”, and electronic technologies are the new trend in the automotive industry, with the prediction that automotive electronics will represent nearly a third of the total cost of the entire car. The increasing number and improved performance of on-board sensors and electronic devices have led to new advanced functionalities in vehicles, including adaptive cruise control, park assistance, lane-keep assistance, pedestrian detection, facial or voice recognition systems for passenger safety, and traffic-sign recognition.

Electronics systems for industrial and home/building automation are attracting more and more attention from academia, industry, and standards development organizations. In this context, the design of smart and centralized energy monitoring and management systems as well as of new sensors and wireless devices for active safety and control is crucial.

Research into new energy harvesting techniques and miniaturized transducers for automotive and mechatronics, as well as the development of new electronics solutions and wireless sensor networks fed by energy harvesters, is of great interest among researchers and companies.

Summing up, this Special Issue on “Electronic Systems and Energy Harvesting Methods for Automation, Mechatronics and Automotive” is focused on bringing together innovative developments and synergies on, but not limited to, the following reported topics:

Intelligent monitoring and control systems in automation and automotive;

Home and building automation;

Industrial Internet of Things and Control Applications;

Development and engineering of automation and mechatronic systems;

Novel components, advanced sensors, devices and architectures for automation, mechatronics, and automotive;

Modeling, simulation, measurements, and analysis of sensor networks applied to automation and automotive fields;

Electronic systems applied to different application areas: factory and process automation, automotive applications, avionics, robotics, transportation systems, urban automation and systems, energy systems, health systems;

Smart buildings and energy management systems;

Micro and nano electronics in automotive;

Intelligent embedded systems in automotive and mechatronics;

Smart sensors for active safety in industrial automation and automotive;

Energy harvesting in sensor networks;

Energy harvesting methods and devices for automation and automotive fields;

Modeling and control of electromechanical systems in automotive;

Electronic solutions for security in automation and automotive fields;

Power electronics for industrial and automotive applications;

Electronics systems for energy monitoring and consumption optimization in the industrial field and buildings.

Dr. Paolo Visconti
Dr. Nicola Ivan Giannoccaro
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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22 pages, 9322 KiB  
Article
A Stake-Out Prototype System Based on GNSS-RTK Technology for Implementing Accurate Vehicle Reliability and Performance Tests
by Paolo Visconti, Francesco Iaia, Roberto De Fazio and Nicola Ivan Giannoccaro
Energies 2021, 14(16), 4885; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14164885 - 10 Aug 2021
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2167
Abstract
There are many car tests regulated by European and international standards and carried out on tracks to assess vehicle performance. The test preparation phase usually consists of placing road cones on the track with a specific configuration defined by the considered standard; this [...] Read more.
There are many car tests regulated by European and international standards and carried out on tracks to assess vehicle performance. The test preparation phase usually consists of placing road cones on the track with a specific configuration defined by the considered standard; this phase is performed by human operators using imprecise and slow methods, mainly due to the large required distances. In this paper, a new geolocation stake-out system based on GNSS RTK technology was realized and tested, supported by a Matlab-based software application to allow the user to quickly and precisely locate the on-track points on which to position the road cones. The realized stake-out system, innovative and very simple to use, produced negligible average errors (i.e., 2.4–2.9 cm) on the distance between the staked-out points according to the reference standards (distance percentage error 0.29–0.47%). Furthermore, the measured average angular error was also found to be very low, in the range 0.04–0.18°. Finally, ISO 3888-1 and ISO 3888-2 test configurations were reproduced on the proving ground of the Porsche Technical Center by utilizing the realized stake-out system to perform a double lane-change maneuver on car prototypes. Full article
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Review

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46 pages, 16859 KiB  
Review
Energy Harvesting Technologies and Devices from Vehicular Transit and Natural Sources on Roads for a Sustainable Transport: State-of-the-Art Analysis and Commercial Solutions
by Roberto De Fazio, Mariangela De Giorgi, Donato Cafagna, Carolina Del-Valle-Soto and Paolo Visconti
Energies 2023, 16(7), 3016; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16073016 - 25 Mar 2023
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 4201
Abstract
The roads we travel daily are exposed to several energy sources (mechanical load, solar radiation, heat, air movement, etc.), which can be exploited to make common systems and apparatus for roadways (i.e., lighting, video surveillance, and traffic monitoring systems) energetically autonomous. For decades, [...] Read more.
The roads we travel daily are exposed to several energy sources (mechanical load, solar radiation, heat, air movement, etc.), which can be exploited to make common systems and apparatus for roadways (i.e., lighting, video surveillance, and traffic monitoring systems) energetically autonomous. For decades, research groups have developed many technologies able to scavenge energy from the said sources related to roadways: electromagnetism, piezoelectric and triboelectric harvesters for the cars’ stress and vibrations, photovoltaic modules for sunlight, thermoelectric solutions and pyroelectric materials for heat and wind turbines optimized for low-speed winds, such as the ones produced by moving vehicles. Thus, this paper explores the existing technologies for scavenging energy from sources available on roadways, both natural and related to vehicular transit. At first, to contextualize them within the application scenario, the available energy sources and transduction mechanisms were identified and described, arguing the main requirements that must be considered for developing harvesters applicable on roadways. Afterward, an overview of energy harvesting solutions presented in the scientific literature to recover energy from roadways is introduced, classifying them according to the transduction method (i.e., piezoelectric, triboelectric, electromagnetic, photovoltaic, etc.) and proposed system architecture. Later, a survey of commercial systems available on the market for scavenging energy from roadways is introduced, focusing on their architecture, performance, and installation methods. Lastly, comparative analyses are offered for each device category (i.e., scientific works and commercial products), providing insights to identify the most promising solutions and technologies for developing future self-sustainable smart roads. Full article
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