Special Issue "Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Recent Advances and Future Challenges"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 November 2023) | Viewed by 4195
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of death and annually affects around 275,000 people in Europe. Despite the advances in the treatment of heart diseases, the outcome of patients experiencing sudden cardiac arrest remains poor. The chances of surviving OHCA rely on resuscitation being started immediately after the patient’s collapse. Vital resuscitation interventions that improve survival from OHCA are collectively known as “The Chain of Survival''. Numerous interventions have been proposed and implemented throughout the years to improve every single link of the chain. Various studies have emphasized the role of bystanders, the prompt usage of AED and usage of additional devices to improve the outcome of OHCA patients. Unfortunately, the aggregate survival rate of OHCA patients recorded across various populations remains between 6.7% and 8.4% and only a minority of these patients have good neurological outcomes after hospital discharge.
Even though bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and shortened time to defibrillation have improved in the last few years, mainly due to the education of the public, we are dealing with the increasing age of patients with OHCA and decreasing proportion of patients that present a shockable initial rhythm. Hence, the following question remains: what else can be done to improve the neurological outcomes and survival rate of OHCA patients?
The aim of the present Special Issue is to review all the important aspects of managing OHCA patients, its therapy goals and measures that can potentially improve survival and, above all, improve the neurological outcome of the victims of sudden cardiac arrest.
The Special Issue presents research from a wide field of emergency and critical care, addressing the most key issues in CPR in the field, the emergency departments and the intensive care units.
Dr. Gregor Prosen
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- out-of-hospital/in-hospital cardiac arrest
- cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
- chain of survival
- lay person: CPR knowledge, CPR teaching and retention of CPR knowledge
- automatic external defibrillator: network, availability and early defibrillation
- first responders: CPR knowledge, teaching and retention
- emergency medical service: challenges in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
- emergency department: novelties in CPR
- novelties in intensive care unit management in CPR: hypothermia, vasoactive therapy, neural injury and neuroprognostication
- extracorporeal membrane oxygenation