Electrocatalysis for Hydrogen/Oxygen Evolution Reactions

A special issue of Catalysts (ISSN 2073-4344). This special issue belongs to the section "Electrocatalysis".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2024 | Viewed by 2793

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Sichuan University;Nanyang Technological University
Interests: Electrolysis; Ammonia Electrosynthesis; Seawater Electrolysis; Nanoarray; Nanomaterials

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute for Advanced Study, Chengdu University, Chengdu 610106, Sichuan, China
Interests: nanomaterials; Two-dimensional crystalline materials; catalysis; energy conversion; sensing

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Powered by renewable energy sources such as solar energy, thermal energy, wind energy, tidal energy, bioenergy, and so on, the generation of storable hydrogen fuel through water electrolysis provides a promising path toward energy sustainability. It is important for water splitting to find reasonably designed nonprecious metal catalysts, which have efficient and durable electrocatalytic activities for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Recently developed strategies are described for the discovery of active and durable electrocatalysts for HER and OER. In situ and operational characterization has also shown a significant contribution to HER and OER. This Special Issue aims to cover recent advances in HER and OER, including the novel design of HER and OER electrocatalysts for composition manipulation, morphology control or structural engineering, advanced characterization of electrocatalysts using state-of-the-art microscopy and spectroscopy techniques, studies of electrocatalytic mechanisms, and the exploration of applications of electrocatalysts. All types of articles, including Original Research articles, Methods, Communications, Data Reports, and Brief Research Reports, are welcome. Perspectives and reviews on challenges and opportunities for HER and OER electrocatalyst development are also highly appreciated.

Dr. Longcheng Zhang
Dr. Qian Liu
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • electrocatalytic water splitting
  • hydrogen evolution reaction
  • oxygen evolution reaction
  • seawater electrolysis

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

16 pages, 6714 KiB  
Article
Nano-Sheets of CsNiVF6 Pyrochlore Electrocatalyst for Enhanced Urea Oxidation and Hydrogen Green Production Reactions
by Mohamed A. Ghanem, Abdullah M. Al-Mayouf, Khalaf A. Alfudhayli and Mohamed O. Abdelkader
Catalysts 2024, 14(5), 325; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal14050325 - 16 May 2024
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Abstract
This study presents the successful synthesis of a cesium–nickel–vanadium fluoride (CsNiVF6) pyrochlore nano-sheet catalyst via solid-phase synthesis and its electrochemical performance in green hydrogen production through urea electrolysis in alkaline media. The physicochemical characterizations revealed that the CsNiVF6 exhibits a [...] Read more.
This study presents the successful synthesis of a cesium–nickel–vanadium fluoride (CsNiVF6) pyrochlore nano-sheet catalyst via solid-phase synthesis and its electrochemical performance in green hydrogen production through urea electrolysis in alkaline media. The physicochemical characterizations revealed that the CsNiVF6 exhibits a pyrochlore-type structure consisting of a disordered cubic corner-shared (Ni, V)F6 octahedra structure and nano-sheet morphology with a thickness ranging from 10 to 20 nm. Using the CsNiVF6 catalyst, the electrochemical analysis, conducted through cyclic voltammetry, demonstrates a current mass activity of ~1500 mA mg−1, recorded at 1.8 V vs. RHE, along with low-resistance (3.25 ohm) charge transfer and good long-term stability for 0.33 M urea oxidation in an alkaline solution. Moreover, the volumetric hydrogen production rate at the cathode (bare nickel foam) is increased from 12.25 to 39.15 µmol/min upon the addition of 0.33 M urea to a 1.0 KOH solution and at a bias potential of 2.0 V. The addition of urea to the electrolyte solution enhances hydrogen production at the cathode, especially at lower voltages, surpassing the volumes produced in pure 1.0 M KOH solution. This utilization of a CsNiVF6 pyrochlore nano-sheet catalyst and renewable urea as a feedstock contributes to the development of a green and sustainable hydrogen economy. Overall, this research underscores the potential use of CsNiVF6 as a cost-effective nickel-based pyrochlore electrocatalyst for advancing renewable and sustainable urea electrolysis processes toward green hydrogen production. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrocatalysis for Hydrogen/Oxygen Evolution Reactions)
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16 pages, 8011 KiB  
Article
Engineering Electrode Polarity for Enhancing In Situ Generation of Hydroxyl Radicals Using Granular Activated Carbon
by Stephanie Sarrouf, Amir Taqieddin, Muhammad Fahad Ehsan and Akram N. Alshawabkeh
Catalysts 2024, 14(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal14010052 - 11 Jan 2024
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Abstract
Recently, granular activated carbon (GAC) has shown its effectiveness as a cathode material for in situ ROS generation. Here, we present an electrochemically modified GAC cathode using electrode polarity reversal (PR) approach for enhanced H2O2 decomposition via 2-electron oxygen reduction [...] Read more.
Recently, granular activated carbon (GAC) has shown its effectiveness as a cathode material for in situ ROS generation. Here, we present an electrochemically modified GAC cathode using electrode polarity reversal (PR) approach for enhanced H2O2 decomposition via 2-electron oxygen reduction reaction (2e-ORR). The successful GAC modification using PR necessitates tuning of the operational parameters such as frequency, current, and time intervals between the PR cycles. This modification enhances the GAC hydrophilicity by increasing the density of surface oxygen functionalities. After optimization of the electrode polarity, using the 20 (No PR)-2 (PR) interval and 140 mA current intensity, the •OH concentration reaches 38.9 μM compared to the control (No PR) (28.14 μM). Subsequently, we evaluated the enhanced •OH generation for the removal of glyphosate, a persistent pesticide used as a model contaminant. The modified GAC using PR removed 67.6% of glyphosate compared to 40.6% by the unmodified GAC without PR, respectively. The findings from this study will advance the utilization of GAC for in situ ROS synthesis, which will have direct implications on increasing the effectiveness of electrochemical water treatment systems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrocatalysis for Hydrogen/Oxygen Evolution Reactions)
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16 pages, 6401 KiB  
Article
Hydrogen Gas Generation Using Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs) of 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis (p-Thiophenol) Porphyrin on a Gold Electrode
by Ibrahim Elghamry, Abdulrahman S. Alablan and Mamdouh E. Abdelsalam
Catalysts 2023, 13(10), 1355; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal13101355 - 10 Oct 2023
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Abstract
A novel approach was used to synthesize the 5,10,15,20-tetrakis (p-thiophenol) porphyrin (TPTH-P) (2), which involved the demethylation of tetra (p-anisole) porphyrin (1) in the presence of ZnCl2 as a catalyst and DMF as a [...] Read more.
A novel approach was used to synthesize the 5,10,15,20-tetrakis (p-thiophenol) porphyrin (TPTH-P) (2), which involved the demethylation of tetra (p-anisole) porphyrin (1) in the presence of ZnCl2 as a catalyst and DMF as a solvent at 100 °C. The demethylation step was followed by an acidification step with concentrated H2SO4 to yield the desired TPTH-P (2) in an almost quantitative yield (95%). The chemical structure of the synthesized porphyrin thiol (TPTH-P) (2) was verified through spectroscopic techniques (NMR, IR, UV-Vis). The catalytic activity of TPTH-P in the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) was investigated in 0.1 M of H2SO4 and 1 M of KNO3. A self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of TPTH-P was formed on a gold electrode. The immersion time during SAM formation and the electrochemical activation cycles in H2SO4 were found to be important to enhancing the activity of the Au-TPTH-P electrode in the HER. Contact angle measurements and electrochemical techniques, including cyclic voltammetry (CV), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and chronoamperometry, were used to characterize and evaluate the electrochemical activities of the SAM. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrocatalysis for Hydrogen/Oxygen Evolution Reactions)
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