The NDVI dataset with high temporal and spatial resolution (HTSN) is significant for extracting information about the phenological change of vegetation in regions with a complex earth surface. The Spatial and Temporal Adaptive Reflectance Fusion Model (STARFM) has been successfully applied to synthesize the HTSN by fusing the data with different characteristics. Based on the model, there are two different schemes for synthesizing the HTSN. One scheme is that red reflectance and near-infrared (NIR) reflectance are synthesized, respectively, and the HTSN is then obtained through algebraic operation (Scheme 1); the other scheme is that the red and NIR reflectance are used to calculate NDVI, which is directly taken as input data to synthesize the HTSN (Scheme 2). In this paper, taking the hill areas in eastern Sichuan China as a case, the two schemes were compared with each other. Seven Landsat images and time-series MOD13Q1 datasets spanning from October 2001 to February 2003 were used as the test data. The results showed the prediction accuracies of both derived HTSNs by the two different schemes were generally in good agreement, and Scheme 2 was slightly superior to Scheme 1 (R2
: 0.14 < Scheme 1 < 0.53; 0.15 < Scheme 2 < 0.53). Although the two HTSNs showed high temporal and spatial consistence, the small spatiotemporal difference between them had a different influence on different applications. The coincidence rate of cropping intensity extracted from two derived HTSNs was fairly high, reaching up to 93.86%, while the coincidence rate of crop peak dates (i.e.
, the emerging dates of peaks in an annual time-series NDVI curve) was only 70.95%. Therefore, it is deemed that Scheme 2 can replace Scheme 1 in the application of extracting cropping intensity, so that more calculation time and memory space can be saved. For extracting more quantitative crop phenological information like crop peak dates, more tests are still needed in order to compare the absolute accuracy for both schemes.