Respiratory Viruses Evolution, Cross-Species Transmission and Recombination

A special issue of Viruses (ISSN 1999-4915). This special issue belongs to the section "Animal Viruses".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2023) | Viewed by 1256

Special Issue Editor

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ste-Justine and Faculté de Médecine, Département de Microbiologie, Infectiologie et Immunologie, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada
Interests: respiratory viruses; neuroinvasion; CNS; coronavirus; antivirals; virus-host interaction; viral cell-to-cell propagation; airway; zoonosis; emerging virus; viral evolution; adaptation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As Guest Editor of this Special Issue on “Respiratory Viruses Evolution, Cross-Species Transmission and Recombination”, I am pleased to invite you to submit a manuscript for publication in Viruses (Impact Factor 5.8).

All RNA viruses possess a high mutation rate, which provides a buffer against environmental changes. For these viruses, this type of change can be at different levels: (1) host, (2) cell-type they can infect in a host, and (3) organs or systems within a host. Several respiratory viruses are RNA viruses that accumulate mutations, which make them very good at adapting by generating virus genomes with changes that may be selectively advantageous in new environments or hosts. This explains why these viruses are fast-evolving and have the capacity to jump species barriers and potentially create zoonosis and eventual pandemic, potentially having catastrophic repercussions usually correlating with more severe symptoms within the respiratory tract and sometimes with extra-respiratory tract manifestations and even death. In order to better understand the underlying mechanisms associated with the emergence of RNA respiratory viruses that impose tremendous human health problems and economic burdens, the One Health concept will definitely be helpful.

The present Special Issue of Viruses aims to present a global portrait of some of the most prevalent or emerging human respiratory viruses that have been associated with possible pathogenic processes within the respiratory tract and in extra-respiratory tract manifestations, with special emphasis on coronaviruses and influenza viruses.

Dr. Marc Desforges
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Viruses is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • coronaviruses
  • influenza virus
  • respiratory syncytial virus
  • respiratory viruses
  • RNA virus
  • virus-host interaction
  • airway
  • zoonosis
  • emerging viruses
  • bats
  • animal reservoir
  • transmission
  • epidemiology

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

9 pages, 1012 KiB  
Communication
First Detection and Genetic Characterization of Swine Orthopneumovirus from Domestic Pig Farms in the Republic of Korea
Viruses 2023, 15(12), 2371; https://doi.org/10.3390/v15122371 - 30 Nov 2023
Viewed by 885
Abstract
Novel swine orthopneumovirus (SOV) infections have been identified in pigs in the USA and some European countries but not in Asian countries, including South Korea, to date. The current study reports the first SOV infections in four domestic pig farms located in four [...] Read more.
Novel swine orthopneumovirus (SOV) infections have been identified in pigs in the USA and some European countries but not in Asian countries, including South Korea, to date. The current study reports the first SOV infections in four domestic pig farms located in four provinces across South Korea. The detection rate of SOV in oral fluid samples using qRT-PCR was 4.4% (14/389), indicating the presence of the virus in pigs at commercial farms in Korea. Two complete genome sequences and one glycoprotein (G) gene sequence were obtained from SOV-positive samples. The complete genome analysis of KSOV-2201 and KSOV-2202 strains showed 98.2 and 95.4% homologies with a previously reported SOV, and the phylogenetic tree exhibited a high correlation with a previously reported SOV strain from the US and a canine pneumovirus (CPnV) strain from China. Based on the genetic analysis of the viral G gene, the murine pneumonia virus (MPV)-like orthopneumoviruses (MLOVs) were divided into two genogroups (G1 and G2). Seventeen CPnVs and two feline pneumoviruses were grouped into G1, while the Korean SOV strains identified in this study were grouped into G2 along with one SOV and two CPnVs. These results will contribute to expanding our understanding of the geographical distribution and genetic characteristics of the novel SOV in the global pig population. Full article
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