Special Issue "Innovations in Sport, Physical Activity and Exercise from Childhood to Older Adult"

A special issue of Healthcare (ISSN 2227-9032).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2023) | Viewed by 518

Special Issue Editors

Sciences and Technology Department, Superior School of Education, Polytechnic Institute of Setubal, 2910-761 Setúbal, Portugal
Interests: physical activity; human health; older adults; strength; crossfit; biomechanics of sport and physical activity; exercise physiology
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Department of Science and Technology, Superior Schoool of Education, Polytecnic Institute os Setubal, Setúbal, Portugal
Interests: motor learning; motor learning and motor control; motion perception; motor cognition; motor behavior; motor development; learning; motor control; learning and memory; adult learning
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Department of Sport Sciences, Sport Sciences School of Rio Maior, 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
Interests: biomechanics; sport science; muscle strength; kinematics; variability; exercise; physical fitness; exercise science
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Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
Interests: health-related quality of life; health promotion; health education; physical and sports activities as a strategy to promote a healthy society; physical activity interventions; exercise training physical exercise; physical health; assessment of physical capacity; health; quality of life in groups of subjects and active lifestyle (elderly; children, type 2 diabetes, Parkinson’s, etc.); balance and muscle strength; rehabilitation; osteoporosis; fall prevention; validity and reliability of physical fitness testing; active tourism; outdoor behavioral healthcare; wilderness therapy; forest bathing; shinrin-yoku
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Physical activity, exercise and sport represent major industries in developed countries. Sports facilities are increasingly popular; however, scientific knowledge on many issues related to physical activity and sport remains weak. This Special Issue aims to publish scientific articles related to the latest scientific evidence on physical activity, physical exercise and sport. We welcome the submission of contributions on the abovementioned topics in any of the following forms: reliability studies, validity studies, correlational studies, observational studies, study protocols, longitudinal studies, cross-sectional studies, case reports, qualitative studies, studies with discourse analysis, bibliometric reviews, narrative reviews, scoping reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses.

You may choose our Joint Special Issue in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

Dr. Luis Leitão
Dr. Teresa Figueiredo
Dr. Hugo Louro
Prof. Dr. José Carmelo Adsuar Sala
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Healthcare is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • sports performance
  • health promotion
  • health and physical literacy
  • sports training
  • volume
  • intensity
  • internal and external load quantification
  • biomechanics of movement
  • active tourism
  • body composition and body mass index
  • healthy schools
  • active breaks
  • physically active learning
  • tissue oxidation
  • sports physiology
  • physically active senior centers
  • exercise referral scheme
  • physical activity and sport in children and adolescents
  • physical activity and sport in adults
  • physical activity and sport in older adults
  • physical activity and sport in octogenarians, nonagenarians and centenarians

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Published Papers (1 paper)

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12 pages, 324 KiB  
Follow-Up of Eight-Weeks Detraining Period after Exercise Program on Health Profiles of Older Women
Healthcare 2023, 11(23), 3021; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11233021 - 22 Nov 2023
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Background: The multicomponent training program (MTP) is a physical exercise strategy used to combat the sedentary lifestyle in older women (OW). However, periods of interruption in training are common in this population. The aim of our study was to analyze the 8-week MTP [...] Read more.
Background: The multicomponent training program (MTP) is a physical exercise strategy used to combat the sedentary lifestyle in older women (OW). However, periods of interruption in training are common in this population. The aim of our study was to analyze the 8-week MTP effects followed by two, four, and eight weeks of interruption on the lipid profile (LP) and functional capacity (FC) of OW. Methods: Twenty-one OW (experimental group [EG], 67.6 ± 3.1 years; 1.55 ± 0.35 m) were subjected to an 8-week MTP followed by a detraining period, and 14 OW (control group [CG], 69.4 ± 4.7 years; 1.61 ± 0.26 m) maintained their daily routine. FC (i.e., 30-s chair stand [30-CS], 8-foot up and go [8-FUG], 6-min walk [6-MWT], handgrip strength [HGS], and heart-rate peak during 6-WMT [HRPeak]), total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) were assessed before and after MTP and two, four, and eight weeks after MTP. Results: 8-week MTP resulted in higher FC and decreased LP values in EG (p < 0.05); two and four weeks of detraining did not promote changes. After eight weeks of detraining TC (ES: 2.74; p = 0.00), TG (ES: 1.93; p = 0.00), HGS (ES: 0.49, p = 0.00), HRPeak (ES: 1.01, p = 0.00), 6-MWT (ES: 0.54, p = 0.04), and 8-FUG (ES: 1.20, p = 0.01) declined significantly. Conclusions: Periods of more than four weeks of detraining should be avoided to promote a good quality of life and health in OW. If older people interrupt training for a period longer than four weeks, physical-education professionals must outline specific training strategies to maintain the adaptations acquired with MTP. Future studies should establish these criteria based on ideal training volume, intensity, and frequency. Full article
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