Monitoring and Modelling of Soil Properties in Forest Ecosystems

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Soil".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 27 September 2024 | Viewed by 837

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Global Change Research Institute CAS, Brno, Czech Republic
Interests: soil geography; forest ecography

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Soil monitoring and modelling are related approaches toward ecosystem development study and subsequently to predictions of response on recent global change (GC). The natural processes of soil development preserved in forests are an irreplaceable advantage in modelling the effectiveness of landscape restoration practices. Forest soil development provides data for predicting plant community productivity, ecosystem stability or the potential natural vegetation form. However, a sufficiently probable estimation of soil development depends on detailed data collection at regular intervals from a representative set of plant communities. Soil properties monitoring offers frameworks to observe forest ecosystem development using nutrient balances in the vertical direction and erosion–sedimentation processes in the horizontal direction. Soil nutrient balances indicate changes in fertility due to enrichment or loss, whereas erosion–sedimentation processes indicate transitions downslope. Because of the dependence on time and space, information on soil development is desirable for estimating the adaptive capacity of forests to GC.

Dr. Pavel Samec
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • soil development
  • soil nutrient balance
  • erosion–sedimentation processes
  • environmental indicators
  • ecosystem restoration
  • soil mapping
  • vegetation ecology
  • forest monitoring
  • soil adaptation to global change

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

17 pages, 6077 KiB  
Article
Profile Development and Soil Properties of Three Forest Reclamations of Different Ages in Sokolov Mining Basin, Czech Republic
by Marko Spasić, Oldřich Vacek, Kateřina Vejvodová, Luboš Borůvka, Václav Tejnecký and Ondřej Drábek
Forests 2024, 15(4), 650; https://doi.org/10.3390/f15040650 - 2 Apr 2024
Viewed by 657
Abstract
Forestry reclamation practices have been very popular in the second half of the last century, and many spoil heaps have been converted into forests since. In our experiment, three forest reclamations of different ages (~90, ~50, and ~30 years) and three soil vegetation [...] Read more.
Forestry reclamation practices have been very popular in the second half of the last century, and many spoil heaps have been converted into forests since. In our experiment, three forest reclamations of different ages (~90, ~50, and ~30 years) and three soil vegetation covers (I—maple and cherry, II—maple, and III—alder) from Sokolov, Czech Republic, were investigated. In each of the three stands, two soil profiles have been dug, and both disturbed and undisturbed soil samples were taken from all recognized horizons. Samples were tested for bulk and particle density, porosity, water retention capacity, pH (H2O, KCl), cation exchange capacity, oxidizable carbon content, organic matter quality, plant available nutrients, and risk elements. A comparison of these properties throughout the profile, as well as between the stands, was presented. A significant role of stand age in soil profile development and soil quality was observed, as well as the tendency of the anthropogenic mine Technosol to evolve into a forest Cambisol in this climate region and parent material. Influence of forest vegetation cover was observed to ameliorate soil properties by accumulating organic matter, thus reducing compaction and increasing CEC and nutrient availability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Monitoring and Modelling of Soil Properties in Forest Ecosystems)
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