energies-logo

Journal Browser

Journal Browser

Preparation and Optimization of Solid Oxide Fuel/Electrolysis Cells (SOFCs/ SOECs)

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "D2: Electrochem: Batteries, Fuel Cells, Capacitors".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 June 2024 | Viewed by 8498

Special Issue Editor

School of Energy and Power, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, China
Interests: preparation and material synthesis of electrolytes for lithium/sodium ion batteries and all-solid-state metal batteries; synthesis and materialization of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs); preparation and optimization of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

I am pleased to invite you to submit the results of your recent studies in the field of “Preparation and Optimization of Solid Oxide Fuel/Electrolysis Cells (SOFCs/SOECs)” to a Special Issue of Energies.

Today, the ever-increasing energy demand and the tightening regulations for emissions control have aroused a significant amount of interest in developing more efficient power generation systems. Hydrogen is regarded as the ideal energy source for the future because of its advantages of zero carbon emission, zero pollution, high efficiency, and widely available sources. In recent years, the methods for using and producing hydrogen have attracted much attention. The solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is considered one of the most promising alternative techniques for using hydrogen to produce electricity. Further, as the reverse process of the SOFC, the solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) has been considered an effective technology for producing hydrogen at a low cost, with high efficiency and environmental friendliness. The SOEC can use waste heat from nuclear power plants and other industrial processes for high-temperature electrolysis of water, which can reduce the amount of electricity needed to produce hydrogen. In addition, no pollutants are discharged at any time during the reaction process, indicating that both SOFC and SOEC are environmentally friendly.

Therefore, the focus of this Special Issue of Energies will be on the development of alternative SOFC/SOEC materials and novel techniques for the fabrication of SOFC/SOEC. The key topics covered by this Special Issue include but are not limited to the following:

  • New SOFC/SOEC structures (e.g., tubular, flat tubular, planar, segmented-in-series, metal-supported);
  • Low-temperature SOFC/SOEC techniques;
  • Synthesis and characteristics of the SOFC/SOEC anode, electrolyte, interconnects, and cathode materials;
  • Microstructural improvement of the SOFC/SOEC supporting layers;
  • Novel fabrication methods and stack design techniques;
  • Numerical studies and diagnostic methods;
  • Other methods to use or produce hydrogen.

Dr. Tao Wei
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • solid oxide fuel cells
  • SOFC
  • SOEC
  • ceramic composites
  • low-temperature SOFC/ SOEC
  • ceramic electrolytes
  • anodes
  • cathodes
  • interconnects
  • SOFC/SOEC fabrication methods
  • metal-supported SOFC/ SOEC
  • stack design
  • SOFC/SOEC diagnostic methods
  • hydrogen

Published Papers (3 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Jump to: Review

9 pages, 1742 KiB  
Communication
Reverse Water Gas Shift versus Carbon Dioxide Electro-Reduction: The Reaction Pathway Responsible for Carbon Monoxide Production in Solid Oxide Co-Electrolysis Cells
by Anders S. Nielsen, Brant A. Peppley and Odne S. Burheim
Energies 2023, 16(15), 5781; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16155781 - 3 Aug 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1687
Abstract
Solid oxide co-electrolysis cells can utilize renewable energy sources for the conversion of steam and carbon dioxide into valuable chemicals and feedstocks. An important challenge in the analysis of these devices is understanding the reaction pathway(s) that govern carbon monoxide generation. Studies in [...] Read more.
Solid oxide co-electrolysis cells can utilize renewable energy sources for the conversion of steam and carbon dioxide into valuable chemicals and feedstocks. An important challenge in the analysis of these devices is understanding the reaction pathway(s) that govern carbon monoxide generation. Studies in which co-electrolysis polarization lies between those of pure steam and pure carbon dioxide electrolysis suggest that carbon dioxide electro-reduction (CO2ER) and the reverse water gas shift (RWGS) reaction are both contributors to CO generation. However, experiments in which co-electrolysis polarization overlaps that of pure steam electrolysis propose that the RWGS reaction dominates CO production and CO2ER is negligible. Supported by dimensional analysis, thermodynamics, and reaction kinetics, this work elucidates the reasons for which the latter conclusion is infeasible, and provides evidence for why the observed overlap between co-electrolysis and pure steam electrolysis is a result of the slow kinetics of CO2ER in comparison to that of steam, with the RWGS reaction being inconsequential. For sufficiently thin cathode current collectors, we reveal that CO2ER is dominant over the RWGS reaction, while the rate of steam electro-reduction is much higher than that of carbon dioxide, which causes the co-electrolysis and pure steam electrolysis polarization curves to overlap. This is contrary to what has been proposed in previous experimental analyses. Ultimately, this work provides insight into how to design solid oxide co-electrolysis cells such that they can exploit a desired reaction pathway in order to improve their efficiency and product selectivity. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Review

Jump to: Research

22 pages, 9059 KiB  
Review
Performance Analysis and Optimization of SOFC/GT Hybrid Systems: A Review
by Qiao Yuan, Xiongzhuang Li, Shuo Han, Sijia Wang, Mengting Wang, Rentian Chen, Sergei Kudashev, Tao Wei and Daifen Chen
Energies 2024, 17(5), 1265; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17051265 - 6 Mar 2024
Viewed by 1386
Abstract
This review provides an overview of the solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine (SOFC/GT) hybrid system, highlighting its potential as a highly efficient and low-emission power generation technology. The operating principles and components of the SOFC/GT system, as well as the various configurations and [...] Read more.
This review provides an overview of the solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine (SOFC/GT) hybrid system, highlighting its potential as a highly efficient and low-emission power generation technology. The operating principles and components of the SOFC/GT system, as well as the various configurations and integration strategies, are discussed. This review also examines the performance, advantages, and challenges of the SOFC/GT system, and discusses the research and development efforts aimed at improving its efficiency, reliability, and cost-effectiveness. This work provides an overview of the research conducted in the area of SOFC-based hybrid systems, which is expected to be beneficial for researchers who are interested in this area. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

23 pages, 5334 KiB  
Review
Thermal Management Techniques for Lithium-Ion Batteries Based on Phase Change Materials: A Systematic Review and Prospective Recommendations
by Hong Shi, Mengmeng Cheng, Yi Feng, Chenghui Qiu, Caiyue Song, Nenglin Yuan, Chuanzhi Kang, Kaijie Yang, Jie Yuan and Yonghao Li
Energies 2023, 16(2), 876; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16020876 - 12 Jan 2023
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 4855
Abstract
Thermal management systems for lithium-ion batteries based on the cooling and heating of phase change materials have become a popular research topic. However, the low thermal conductivity, flame resistance, high and low temperature adaptability of phase change materials, as well as the thermal [...] Read more.
Thermal management systems for lithium-ion batteries based on the cooling and heating of phase change materials have become a popular research topic. However, the low thermal conductivity, flame resistance, high and low temperature adaptability of phase change materials, as well as the thermal runaway mechanisms and lightweight design of phase change material-based systems remain to be explored. The aim of this paper is to conduct a publication-wide macro bibliometric review on thermal management systems for lithium-ion batteries based on phase change material to date. Total of 583 associated publications were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection database for the period 2006–2022. A bibliometric study was conducted through the visualization software VOSviewer. The findings were derived from annual publication trends, geographical and institutional distribution, authors and their collaborative networks, keyword network analysis and analysis of highly cited publications as well as reference co-citation analysis. The findings provide a comprehensive overview of the evolution of research hotspots in the field and can help researchers who would like to work in the field to quickly grasp the research frontiers and the overall picture. Furthermore, some suggestions for future work are summarized. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Numerical Simulation of the Influence of Cone-shaped Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Structural Parameters on Its Residual Stress
Authors: Zidong Yu
Affiliation: 1 School of Automobile and Traffic Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, China; 2 School of Energy and Power Engineering, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212003, China.

Title: Recent progresses in the development of Tubular Segmented-in-series Solid Oxide Fuel Cell: Experimental and Numerical Study
Authors: Tao Wei
Affiliation: School of Energy and Power, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang, 212003, China

Back to TopTop