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Advances in Electrode Nanomaterials for Fast-Charging Ion Batteries

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "D1: Advanced Energy Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2024 | Viewed by 1924

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, College of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Interests: nanoscale heat and mass transfer; energy storage mechanisms; fabrication of nanomaterials and electrolyte; thermal management; supercapacitors and Li+/Na+/Zn2+ ion battery
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E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
College of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Interests: co-optimization of low/zero-carbon fuels and engines; basic combustion science and combustion reaction kinetics; vehicle dynamics and powertrain control strategies for hybrid and electric vehicles
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The ever-growing markets of portable electronics and electric vehicles have created enormous demands for advanced electrochemical energy storage (EES) technologies. Ion batteries (e.g., Li+, Na+, K+ and Zn2+) have been recognized as the dominant commercial EES technologies among existing energy storage devices. The inventors of the Li-ion battery (Goodenough, Whittingham, and Yoshino) were honored with the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. However, current ion batteries suffer from a slow charging rate and long charging times (2~4 h), which have inevitably reduced consumer acceptance and market penetration of global electric vehicles. According to the United States Advanced Battery Consortium, the benchmark for a fast-charging battery is the obtainment of an 80% of state of charge within 15 min. Unfortunately, most ion batteries in the electric vehicle market fail to meet such a requirement. Therefore, developing an ion battery with suitable charging capability has become a critical step in the further marketization of electric vehicles.

Ion batteries store energy via reversible ion intercalation and deintercalation in electrode materials. A critical challenge is presented by designing fast-charging ion with high-rate and superior-safety anode and cathode materials, in order to reduce the ion intercalation/deintercalation barriers, shorten ion diffusion pathways and improve the interfacial reaction kinetics. In this regard, this Special Issue aims to provide a platform for researchers to: (i) discuss ion storage mechanisms during the energy storage process, (ii) develop or employ advanced experimental measurements or simulation methods to accurately reveal the ion charging/discharging process, (iii) reveal the critical influence factors of fast-charging electrode materials, and (iv) provide new design guidance or future development directions for developing fast-charging advanced electrodes.

Authors are invited to submit original research, reviews and perspectives related to the latest advances and prospects in fast-charging electrode nanomaterials. Submissions to this Special Issue should present the latest advances in ion energy storage mechanisms, optimization of anodes and cathodes and performance breakthroughs in fast-charging ion batteries. The following topics will be covered, among others:

  • Energy storage mechanisms in electrochemical energy storage;
  • Ion intercalation/deintercalation process;
  • Ion adsorption/desorption process;
  • Ion solvation state in the charging/discharging process;
  • Formation mechanisms of SEI film;
  • Ion transport properties in SEI film;
  • Interfacial ion reaction kinetics;
  • Influences of electrolyte properties;
  • Fast charging anode and cathode materials;
  • Morphology regulation, structural design, interface modification;
  • Electronic conductivity of materials;
  • Ion diffusivity of materials;
  • Carbon-based anode materials: graphite, hard carbon;
  • Alloy-type anode materials: silicon;
  • Transition-metal oxide-based anode materials: LTO;
  • LFP and NCM cathode materials;
  • DFT simulation on the ionic intercalation and deintercalation;
  • MD simulation of ionic adsorption/desorption;
  • WIS electrolytes with wide temperature and voltage window;
  • High-performance supercapacitors;
  • Rate performance and thermal management;
  • High-performance Li+, Na+, K+ and Zn2+ ion batteries.

Dr. Huachao Yang
Prof. Dr. Jinlong Liu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • energy storage mechanisms
  • ion intercalation/deintercalation
  • interfacial ion reaction kinetics
  • fast-charging anode
  • fast-charging cathode
  • rate performance
  • in situ experimental measurement
  • multiscale simulation
  • ion battery
  • electrochemical energy storage technology

Published Papers (1 paper)

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13 pages, 2636 KiB  
Unveiling the Effects of Solvent Polarity within Graphene Based Electric Double-Layer Capacitors
by Chenxuan Xu, Jingdong Zhu, Dedi Li, Xu Qian, Gang Chen and Huachao Yang
Energies 2022, 15(24), 9487; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15249487 - 14 Dec 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1535
Solvents have been considered to show a profound influence on the charge storage of electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs). However, the corresponding mechanisms remain elusive and controversial. In this work, the influences of solvent dipole moment on the EDL structures, kinetic properties, and charging [...] Read more.
Solvents have been considered to show a profound influence on the charge storage of electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs). However, the corresponding mechanisms remain elusive and controversial. In this work, the influences of solvent dipole moment on the EDL structures, kinetic properties, and charging mechanisms of graphene-based EDLCs are investigated with atomistic simulations. Specifically, electrolyte structuring is conspicuously modulated by solvents, where a sharp increment of capacitance (~325.6%) and kinetics (~10-fold) is documented upon the slight descent of polarity by ~33.0%. Unusually, such an impressive enhancement is primarily attributed to the suppressed interfacial electric fields stimulated by strong-polarity solvents in the proximity of electrodes, which goes beyond the previously observed issues that stemmed from the competitive interplays between ions and solvents. Moreover, a distinctive polarity-dependent charging mechanism (i.e., from pure counterion adsorption to coion desorption) is identified, which for the first time delineates the pivotal role of solvent polarity in manipulating the charge storage evolutions. The as-obtained findings highlight that exploiting the solvent effects could be a promising avenue to further advance the performances of EDLCs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Electrode Nanomaterials for Fast-Charging Ion Batteries)
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