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Sustainable Development of Automotive Engineering

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Engineering and Science".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 May 2023) | Viewed by 5347

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
College of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Interests: co-optimization of low/zero-carbon fuels and engines; basic combustion science and combustion reaction kinetics; vehicle dynamics and powertrain control strategies for hybrid and electric vehicles
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue will focus on the current status and future prospects of sustainable mobility and transportation, from production to application and from technology to policy. The revealed relationships can help in shaping an integrated strategy for the planning and development of sustainable mobility and transportation.

For more than a century, the automobile has powered our society and economy, providing us with unprecedented mobility and changing the way in which we work and live. Today, we are in the midst of another revolution as groundbreaking technologies and evolving customer lifestyles transform our vehicles and the way we use them. The sustainable mobility and transportation vision of a zero-crash, zero-emission and zero-congestion future addresses the challenges associated with freedom of movement. This bold, ambitious vision has the potential to save 1.25 million lives each year by eliminating human error—the root cause of more than 90 percent of crashes—and more than 2 billion tons of CO2, allowing commuters to regain the week they spend in traffic.

The aim of this Special Issue is to collect empirical studies and review articles of a high standard that address the basic scientific, engineering, economic and social aspects of the sustainable development of automotive engineering, covering both natural and social sciences. Possible topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Autonomous and connected vehicles
  • Emissions, environment and sustainability
  • Manufacturing, materials and lightweighting solutions
  • Standards, policies and regulations
  • Vehicle dynamics, active safety and control
  • Automotive electronics and software
  • 5G technologies and applications
  • Hydrogen and fuel cells
  • Hybrid and electric vehicles
  • New generation of internal combustion engines

Dr. Jinlong Liu
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

20 pages, 5136 KiB  
Article
Investigation of Effect of Nozzle Numbers on Diesel Engine Performance Operated at Plateau Environment
by Zhipeng Li, Qiang Zhang, Fujun Zhang, Hongbo Liang and Yu Zhang
Sustainability 2023, 15(11), 8561; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15118561 - 25 May 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1219
Abstract
The effect of nozzle number on the combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engines operating at high altitudes was investigated in this study. A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model was developed to simulate the spray spatial distribution, which is closely related to the [...] Read more.
The effect of nozzle number on the combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engines operating at high altitudes was investigated in this study. A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model was developed to simulate the spray spatial distribution, which is closely related to the nozzle number. The intake pressure was identified as the dominant factor under varying altitudes, while the fuel mass, injection timing and temperature were maintained constant. Altitudes of 3000 m were chosen to represent typical high-altitude conditions, and sea level cases were simulated for comparison. The results demonstrated that high-altitude operation reduced the air utility in the combustion chamber, leading to suppressed soot oxidization and worse soot emissions. Moreover, more injection nozzles will decrease the fuel injection pressure, resulting in inadequate fuel diffusion and detrimental effects on the combustion efficiency and soot control. However, too few nozzles may cause wall collisions and worsen the combustion conditions. The number of nozzles also influences the combustion, with a higher number of nozzles exacerbating poor combustion conditions. The optimal number of nozzles for the engine studied is determined to be six. Hence, determining the optimal nozzle number plays a vital role in achieving the optimal performance of highland diesel engines. This study provides valuable guidance for the development of diesel engines in high-altitude environments, where controlling the fuel consumption and soot emissions is challenging. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Development of Automotive Engineering)
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22 pages, 9787 KiB  
Article
Controller Design of a Brake-By-Wire System Based on Giant-Magnetostrictive Material for an Intelligent Vehicle
by Changbao Chu, Renjie Zhu and Xingjian Jia
Sustainability 2022, 14(17), 11057; https://doi.org/10.3390/su141711057 - 5 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1666
Abstract
Mechatronics control technology can not only improve the performance of vehicles but also solve traditional automotive braking system problems such as long brake pipeline, lots of valve components, slow response and so on. In this paper, a giant-magnetostrictive actuator and a disc brake [...] Read more.
Mechatronics control technology can not only improve the performance of vehicles but also solve traditional automotive braking system problems such as long brake pipeline, lots of valve components, slow response and so on. In this paper, a giant-magnetostrictive actuator and a disc brake structure were used to build a drive control system, and the control system module was designed with a single-chip microcomputer as the core. Combined with sensor selection, software programming control was used to build the experimental test platform, and the maximum output displacement of the control system was 0.112156 mm, which was basically consistent with the theoretical calculation. The maximum output force was 3883 N, which exceeded the minimum output force of 3631 N calculated theoretically. According to the results of the test platform, the relevant test parameters were highly consistent with the theoretical calculation, which verified the correctness and effectiveness of the theoretical calculation and bench testbed design. It contributes to the improvement of vehicle active safety performance and can provide a new way for the development of an intelligent vehicle brake-by-wire system. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Development of Automotive Engineering)
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16 pages, 5251 KiB  
Article
Numerical Study and Structural Optimization of Vehicular Oil Cooler Based on 3D Impermeable Flow Model
by Jiahong Fu, Zhecheng Hu, Yu Zhang and Guodong Lu
Sustainability 2022, 14(13), 7757; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14137757 - 25 Jun 2022
Viewed by 1569
Abstract
A non-uniform permeable flow numerical model of vehicular oil cooler was proposed to simulate the thermal performance of oil cooler, due to the complex internal structure of cooler and the anisotropy of coolant flow and heat transfer. By comparing the numerical simulation results [...] Read more.
A non-uniform permeable flow numerical model of vehicular oil cooler was proposed to simulate the thermal performance of oil cooler, due to the complex internal structure of cooler and the anisotropy of coolant flow and heat transfer. By comparing the numerical simulation results with the experimental results, the maximum error of the simulation results under different working conditions is 9.2%, which indicates that the modelling method is reliable and can improve the development efficiency. On this basis, through the three-dimensional numerical simulation to establish and optimize the oil cooler’s parameters. The thermal performance under different structural oil cooler were compared using the comprehensive evaluation factor j/f. The results and the experimental data show that under the impermeable flow model can obtain good heat transfer efficiency with low flow resistance at the same time. When the cross-sectional area is 3 mm2, length of 90 mm, layer number of 11, the model accuracy was 0.6%, as the optimal structure parameters, the heat transfer increase by 47% and with the total pressure drop increased by only 30%. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Development of Automotive Engineering)
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