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Recent Advances in Lithium-Ion Batteries and Supercapacitors

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "D2: Electrochem: Batteries, Fuel Cells, Capacitors".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2024 | Viewed by 7679

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Electrochemistry Laboratory, Technical University of Applied Sciences, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Ring 23, 92224 Amberg, Germany
Interests: electrochemistry; supercapacitors; electrochemical energy conversion; electroanalytical chemistry

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Guest Editor
Department Energy Technology, University of Applied Sciences, Am Lurzenhof 1, 84036 Landshut, Germany
Interests: electrochemistry; lithium battery technology; supercapacitors; production technology; hybridization

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Electrochemical energy storage in batteries and supercapacitors has recently developed into a challenging field of interest for electromobility and the use of renewable resources. This Special Issue addresses improvements and research trends in materials development, measurement technology, and the specific operating behaviour of electrochemical energy converters in technical applications.

Prof. Dr. Peter Kurzweil
Prof. Dr. Pettinger Karl Heinz
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

 

Keywords

  • Advanced electrode materials and electrolytes for electrochemical energy storage
  • Aging of supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries
  • Lifetime estimation
  • Novel approaches of SOC and SOH determination
  • Failure of devices in technical applications
  • Production and testing of materials and devices
  • Sustainable developments

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

23 pages, 9167 KiB  
Article
Deformation Analysis of Different Lithium Battery Designs Using the DIC Technique
by Szabolcs Kocsis Szürke, Mátyás Szabó, Szabolcs Szalai and Szabolcs Fischer
Energies 2024, 17(2), 323; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17020323 - 9 Jan 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1141
Abstract
The growing number of electric vehicles and devices drives the demand for lithium-ion batteries. The purpose of the batteries used in electric vehicles and applications is primarily to preserve the cells and extend their lifetime, but they will wear out over time, even [...] Read more.
The growing number of electric vehicles and devices drives the demand for lithium-ion batteries. The purpose of the batteries used in electric vehicles and applications is primarily to preserve the cells and extend their lifetime, but they will wear out over time, even under ideal conditions. Most battery system failures are caused by a few cells, but the entire system may have to be scrapped in such cases. To address this issue, the goal is to create a concept that will extend the life of batteries while reducing the industrial and chemical waste generated by batteries. Secondary use can increase battery utilization and extend battery life. However, processing a large number of used battery cells at an industrial level is a significant challenge for both manufacturers and users. The different battery sizes and compositions used by various manufacturers of electric vehicles and electronic devices make it extremely difficult to solve the processing problem at the system level. The purpose of this study is to look into non-destructive battery diagnostic options. During the tests, the condition of the cells is assessed using a new diagnostic technique, 3D surface digitalization, and the fusion of electrical parameters. In the case of surface digitalization, the digital image correlation (DIC) technique was used to estimate the cell state. The tests were conducted on various cells with widely used geometries and encapsulations. These included a lithium polymer (soft casing), 18650 standard sizes (hard casing), and prismatic cells (semi-hard). The study also included testing each battery at various charge states during charging and discharging. The findings help to clarify the changes in battery cell geometry and their localization. The findings can be applied to cell diagnostic applications such as recycling, quality assurance, and vehicle diagnostics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Lithium-Ion Batteries and Supercapacitors)
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21 pages, 6004 KiB  
Article
Differential Capacity as a Tool for SOC and SOH Estimation of Lithium Ion Batteries Using Charge/Discharge Curves, Cyclic Voltammetry, Impedance Spectroscopy, and Heat Events: A Tutorial
by Peter Kurzweil, Wolfgang Scheuerpflug, Bernhard Frenzel, Christian Schell and Josef Schottenbauer
Energies 2022, 15(13), 4520; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15134520 - 21 Jun 2022
Cited by 21 | Viewed by 5913
Abstract
State-of-charge (SOC) and state-of-health (SOH) of different cell chemistries were investigated using long-time cycle tests. This practical guide illustrates how differential capacity dQ/dU (capacitance) obtained from discharge curves, impedance spectra, and cyclic voltammograms can be used for the instant diagnosis [...] Read more.
State-of-charge (SOC) and state-of-health (SOH) of different cell chemistries were investigated using long-time cycle tests. This practical guide illustrates how differential capacity dQ/dU (capacitance) obtained from discharge curves, impedance spectra, and cyclic voltammograms can be used for the instant diagnosis of lithium-ion batteries without fully charging and discharging the cell. The increase of dU/dQ is an early indicator of upcoming heat events and deep discharge. The criterion dQ/dU = dU/dQ = 1 could serve as an indicator for “full charge”. The frequency response of capacitance correlates with the available charge of the battery and reflects overcharge events and deep discharges long before the battery fails. It is not necessary to measure down to extremely low frequencies because the charge transfer pseudocapacitance of around 10 Hz reflects well the SOC. Computer-aided calculation methods for the evaluation of measurements in industrial environments and for the training of students are presented. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Lithium-Ion Batteries and Supercapacitors)
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