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Advanced Design Technologies of Lithium Ion Batteries Electrodes

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "D2: Electrochem: Batteries, Fuel Cells, Capacitors".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 23 July 2024 | Viewed by 2806

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Chemistry–Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, 75121 Uppsala, Sweden
Interests: design, synthesis, and structural analysis of advanced battery materials; interfacial chemistry of advanced battery materials
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science and Technology, Xi’an 710021, China
Interests: electrochemical energy storage and conversion, including Li/Na ion batteries, and electrocatalysis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Over the past few decades, the pace of technological advancement has never stopped, and the need for efficient, durable, and sustainable energy storage solutions is growing every day. Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have emerged as the foundation for a wide range of applications, from portable electronics to electric vehicles. However, innovative electrode design technologies are urgently needed to further improve the performance and safety of Li-ion batteries.

The objective of this Special Issue, titled "Advanced Design Technologies of Lithium Ion Batteries Electrodes", is to collate excellent research and comprehensive reviews that address recent innovations and strategies in the design and development of Li-ion battery electrodes. Our aim is to provide a holistic view of the current situation and to stimulate discussions that will lead to a roadmap for the next generation of lithium-ion battery electrode designs. Topics of interest for publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Novel electrode materials, including anodes and cathodes, for high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries;
  • Nanostructured and composite electrode materials for enhanced electrochemical performance;
  • Novel electrode materials, including anodes and cathodes, for high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries;
  • Nanostructured and composite electrode materials for enhanced electrochemical performance;
  • Advanced manufacturing techniques for electrode production;
  • Electrode design for fast charging;
  • Electrode–electrolyte interface studies;
  • Advanced characterization techniques;
  • Modeling and simulation;
  • Performance optimization strategies;
  • Thermal management and safety;
  • Recycling and sustainability approaches for electrode materials;
  • Solid state, flexible, and thin-film Li-ion batteries.

Dr. Haidong Liu
Dr. Jun Yang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • lithium-ion batteries
  • electrode design
  • nano-engineering and structuring
  • electrochemical performance
  • advanced manufacturing techniques
  • electrode–electrolyte interface
  • computational methods
  • battery safety
  • recycling and sustainability
  • solid-state batteries

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

14 pages, 4371 KiB  
Article
Enhancing the Storage Performance and Thermal Stability of Ni-Rich Layered Cathodes by Introducing Li2MnO3
by Jun Yang, Pingping Yang and Hongyu Wang
Energies 2024, 17(4), 810; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17040810 - 8 Feb 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 694
Abstract
Ni-rich layered cathodes are deemed as a potential candidate for high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries, but their high sensitivity to air during storage and poor thermal stability are a vital challenge for large-scale applications. In this paper, distinguished from the conventional surface modification and ion [...] Read more.
Ni-rich layered cathodes are deemed as a potential candidate for high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries, but their high sensitivity to air during storage and poor thermal stability are a vital challenge for large-scale applications. In this paper, distinguished from the conventional surface modification and ion doping, an effective solid-solution strategy was proposed to strengthen the surface and structural stability of Ni-rich layered cathodes by introducing Li2MnO3. The structural analysis results indicate that the formation of Li2CO3 inert layers on Ni-rich layered cathodes during storage in air is responsible for the increased electrode interfacial impedance, thereby leading to the severe deterioration of electrochemical performance. The introduction of Li2MnO3 can reduce the surface reactivity of Ni-rich cathode materials, playing a certain suppression effect on the formation of surface Li2CO3 layer and the deterioration of electrochemical performances. Additionally, the thermal analysis results show that the heat release of Ni-rich cathodes strongly depends on the charge of states, and Li2MnO3 can suppress oxygen release and significantly enhance the thermal stability of Ni-rich layered cathodes. This work provides a method to improving the storage performance and thermal stability of Ni-rich cathode materials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Design Technologies of Lithium Ion Batteries Electrodes)
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16 pages, 7006 KiB  
Article
Interaction between LMFP and NCMA and Its Effect on Blending Cathode-Based Cells
by Jingyuan Liu, Si Chen, Dewen Kong, Meiyuan Wu and Haijing Liu
Energies 2024, 17(4), 808; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17040808 - 8 Feb 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1696
Abstract
Li-ion cells with a LiMnxFe1−xPO4 (LMFP) and LiNi1−x−y−zCoxMnyAlzO2 (NCMA) blending cathode show their benefits of lower cost and higher safety compared to barely NCMA cathode-based cells. However, the rate [...] Read more.
Li-ion cells with a LiMnxFe1−xPO4 (LMFP) and LiNi1−x−y−zCoxMnyAlzO2 (NCMA) blending cathode show their benefits of lower cost and higher safety compared to barely NCMA cathode-based cells. However, the rate capability of LMFP material is relatively poor compared to NCMA or even LiFePO4, which is because of the low electronic conductivity of LMFP material and the 1D diffusion channel in its structure. This work discusses the effect on electrochemical performance when blends of various ratios of LMFP are used in an NCMA cathode, with data verified by a 5 Ah pouch cell. This work further investigated the interaction between NCMA and LMFP during charge/discharge. Combining results from experiment and simulation, it evidences that blending more LMFP does not always lead to worse discharge rate but reduces charge rate. Moreover, it is found that, in a constant current discharge/charge process, although the system is under continuous discharge/charge, LMFP works intermittently. This leads to different diffusion polarization states of LMFP in the discharge/charge process and further results in a difference in discharge/charge rate capability. Therefore, to improve rate capability, especially charging rate, using smaller-sized or doped LMFP to improve its diffusion coefficient is an optimized strategy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Design Technologies of Lithium Ion Batteries Electrodes)
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