Biodiversity of Invertebrates

A special issue of Diversity (ISSN 1424-2818). This special issue belongs to the section "Biodiversity Loss & Dynamics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2023) | Viewed by 5737

Special Issue Editors

Joint Directorate of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and National Park “Smolny”, 30 Krasnaya Str., 430005 Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russia
Interests: biodiversity conservation; insects; reptiles; amphibia; protected areas; nature conservation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
1. Laboratory of Plant Ecophysiology and Experimental Phytoecology of the Institute of Environmental and Agricultural Biology (X-BIO), Tyumen State University, Volodarskogo Street, 6, Tyumen, 625003 Tyumen Region, Russia
2. Joint Directorate of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and National Park “Smolny” (Scientific Department), Krasnaya Street, 30, Saransk, 430005 Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russia
Interests: plant diversity; threatened plants; invasive alien plants; IUCN Red List; biodiversity & conservation; plant conservation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Invertebrates display a high biodiversity worldwide. Each year, new species are described in various climatic zones. However, we are still very far from understanding the distribution of many species. In Palearctic and tropical countries, several climatic zones are located over a large area, and have different biological diversities. Despite significant efforts to study biodiversity, many data are still not published. This hinders the analysis of species distribution, the analysis of variability in species ranges and species abundance, as well as the analysis of the alpha diversity of regions and the identification of “biodiversity hotspots”. Datasets, databases, networks, and data infrastructures have been used in recent years to understand species distribution. A “data paper” provides a description of research data sets (one dataset per article). Preparing, processing and describing such data requires effort. Data papers provide recognition for these efforts through peer-reviewed publication. The described datasets should be publicly available prior to publication, preferably under an open-access license, to allow other users to re-use the dataset. The document must provide a URL to the public version of the dataset. Datasets can be stored on any platform that provides free access to the database (preferably of GBIF, Zenodo, DRYAD, iNaturalist). The lower threshold for the number of occurrences is 2000 occurrences.

Dr. Alexander B. Ruchin
Dr. Anatoliy A. Khapugin
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • biodiversity
  • invertebrates
  • dataset
  • databases
  • data descriptors

Published Papers (4 papers)

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10 pages, 1364 KiB  
Data Descriptor
Biodiversity of Marine Interstitial Ciliates in the Intertidal Zone of the White Sea: A Dataset from the Chernaya River Estuary, Kandalaksha Gulf
Diversity 2023, 15(7), 873; https://doi.org/10.3390/d15070873 - 19 Jul 2023
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Abstract
(1) Background: An estuary is a zone in which sea and river waters mix. It is a specific area with a very non-stable environment and salinity gradient. However, little is known about the diversity of ciliate communities in estuarine benthic ecosystems in the [...] Read more.
(1) Background: An estuary is a zone in which sea and river waters mix. It is a specific area with a very non-stable environment and salinity gradient. However, little is known about the diversity of ciliate communities in estuarine benthic ecosystems in the Arctic. The aim of this paper is to describe the diversity of intertidal ciliates in the Chernaya river estuary (Kandalaksha Gulf, White Sea), which is characterized by a pronounced salinity gradient (0–22‰), on the basis of a recently published dataset. (2) Methods: We conducted our own investigations during the summer periods of 1998–2000. Material was collected at five permanent stations along the salinity gradient (0–22%) of the estuary. For each observation, the coordinates of the sampling sites, the number of individuals observed and the sampling date were recorded. The total effort comprised 35 sampling days, with five sampling sites at each date. (3) Results: The dataset contains 4270 unique occurrences of 119 ciliates taxa (109 species, 8 unidentified species of the genus level and 2 unidentified species on the family level). The total number of specimens represented is 64,475. (4) Conclusions: The largest classes in terms of species diversity are Hypotrichea (27 species), Gymnostomatea (26 species), Oligohymenophorea (17 species) and Karyorelictea (16 species). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity of Invertebrates)
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10 pages, 672 KiB  
Data Descriptor
Biodiversity of Coleoptera (Insecta) in the Middle and Lower Volga Regions (Russia)
Diversity 2022, 14(12), 1128; https://doi.org/10.3390/d14121128 - 16 Dec 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1392
Abstract
(1) Background: The conservation of entomofauna in individual macroregions requires efforts to study the distribution and abundance of insects. For this purpose, databases are created that enumerate this information. Such databases, with the processing of significant factual material, make it possible to objectively [...] Read more.
(1) Background: The conservation of entomofauna in individual macroregions requires efforts to study the distribution and abundance of insects. For this purpose, databases are created that enumerate this information. Such databases, with the processing of significant factual material, make it possible to objectively assess the status of a species and, if necessary, take measures for its protection. The aim of the paper is to describe the modern Coleoptera fauna in nine regions of Russia on the basis of a recently published dataset. (2) Methods: We conducted our own studies in 1994, 1996, 1998–2003 and 2005–2022. The dataset also includes data from museum specimens from other years. We used a variety of methods, such as sifting through litter, searching under the bark of trees and stumps, trapping by light, soil traps, beer traps, window traps, etc. For each observation, the coordinates of the find, the number of individuals observed and the date were recorded. (3) Results: The dataset contains data on 1469 species and subspecies of Coleoptera from 85 families found in the Volga Region. In total, there are 31,433 samples and 9072 occurrences in the dataset. (4) Conclusions: The largest families in terms of species diversity are Curculionidae (202 species), Carabidae (145 species) and Chrysomelidae (142 species). There are 54 species of Coleoptera with a northern range boundary in the macroregion, two species with a southern range boundary and one species with an eastern range boundary. Twenty-one invasive Coleoptera species have been recorded in the macroregion. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity of Invertebrates)
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12 pages, 693 KiB  
Data Descriptor
Biodiversity of Coleoptera (Insecta) in Khvalynsky National Park (Saratov Region, Russia)
Diversity 2022, 14(12), 1084; https://doi.org/10.3390/d14121084 - 08 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1340
Abstract
(1) Background: Coleoptera is one of the most diverse insect lineages. The beetle species live in many ecosystems around the globe and their roles in ecosystems are very diverse; thus, it is important to know the local and regional fauna varieties, especially for [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Coleoptera is one of the most diverse insect lineages. The beetle species live in many ecosystems around the globe and their roles in ecosystems are very diverse; thus, it is important to know the local and regional fauna varieties, especially for protected areas, such as nature reserves and national parks. (2) Methods: The materials were collected from the territory of the Khvalynsky National Park (European Russia, Saratov region), mainly over the last 30 years (1994–2022). The beetles were collected using different means (manual collection; the use soil traps, fermental crown traps, and Malaise traps; light fishing; sweeping with an entomological net on plants and under water, etc.). (3) Results: The dataset presents data on 914 species and subspecies of Coleoptera from 67 families found in the Khvalynsky National Park. The number of studied specimens was 7445. Four families (Cerylonidae, Byturidae, Phalacridae, and Sphindidae) and 95 species were recorded for the Khvalynsky National Park for the first time. Thirty-two species were recorded for the Saratov region for the first time. (4) Conclusions: The general biodiversity of Coleoptera in the Khvalynsky National Park includes 1203 species from 71 families. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity of Invertebrates)
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9 pages, 663 KiB  
Data Descriptor
Biodiversity of Coleoptera (Insecta) in Lipetsk Region (Russia)
Diversity 2022, 14(10), 825; https://doi.org/10.3390/d14100825 - 30 Sep 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1502
Abstract
(1) Background: Coleoptera is one of the most diverse insect lineages. Coleoptera species live in many ecosystems around the globe and their role in ecosystems is very diverse. To study the number and distribution of species, lists of species were compiled and then [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Coleoptera is one of the most diverse insect lineages. Coleoptera species live in many ecosystems around the globe and their role in ecosystems is very diverse. To study the number and distribution of species, lists of species were compiled and then added into the database generation platforms. The aim of the work was to describe the modern fauna of Coleoptera based on a recently published dataset. (2) Methods: Studies were conducted from 1971 to 2022. Insects were collected by different means (searching under the bark of trees and stumps, sifting litter and wood dust, soil samples, caught in the light, in soil traps, window traps, etc.). For each observation, the coordinates of the place of discovery, the number of individuals, dates were noted. (3) Results: The dataset presents data on 2416 species and subspecies of Coleoptera from 89 families found in the Lipetsk region. In total, the number of studied specimens in the dataset was 16,184, the number of occurrences was 6192. The largest families in terms of species diversity were Staphylinidae (541 species), Curculionidae (416), Chrysomelidae (315) and Carabidae (285). (4) Conclusions: In addition, based on the analysis of additional references, 452 more species and 2 families are indicated. Thus, the biodiversity of Coleoptera of the Lipetsk region is 2868 species from 89 families. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity of Invertebrates)
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