Electric Power Applications II

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 October 2024 | Viewed by 14884

Special Issue Editors

Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Seville, 41004 Seville, Spain
Interests: electric machines; electric drives; power electronics; sensor networks
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Seville, 41004 Seville, Spain
Interests: multiphase electric drives; control of machines and power converters; renewable energies; digital signal processor-based systems
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The continuing trend toward greater electrification in consumer, commercial, industrial, and transportation applications promises a dynamic and increasingly important role for power electronics. The term ‘power electronics’ refers to electric and electronic circuits whose primary function is to process energy. The growing penetration of power electronics in energy systems requires attention, with its principal challenges being cost reduction and reliability. Power electronic systems are indispensable parts of modern engineering applications, covering a wide range of engineering branches. This Special Issue will focus on modern applications of electricity, power electronics converters, and electric motor drives. Prospective authors are invited to submit original contributions for review and publication in this Special Issue.

Prof. Dr. Federico Barrero
Dr. Mario Bermúdez
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • applications of power converters
  • renewable energy systems
  • applications of electrical drives
  • power filters
  • integration of power systems
  • distributed power
  • power grid equipment

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

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20 pages, 11692 KiB  
Article
Small-Signal Stability Analysis and Improvement in Multi-Converter Grid-Tied System Based on Gerschgorin Disc Theorem
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(4), 1436; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14041436 - 09 Feb 2024
Viewed by 385
Abstract
The integration of a large number of voltage source converters (VSCs) into the power grid decreases the small-signal stability of the power system. When several VSCs with different control parameters are simultaneously connected to the power grid to form a multi-converter grid-tied system, [...] Read more.
The integration of a large number of voltage source converters (VSCs) into the power grid decreases the small-signal stability of the power system. When several VSCs with different control parameters are simultaneously connected to the power grid to form a multi-converter grid-tied system, the potential destabilizing factors increase. Thus, parameter optimization for stability-weakest parameters that have the greatest impact on the system stability becomes more significant in addressing small-signal stability issues. This paper first proposes a stability evaluation function based on the Gerschgorin disc theorem, which can assess the stability of the multi-converter grid-tied system. Then a parameter sensitivity method is proposed to identify the stability-weakest parameters. Finally, an iterative calculation-based parameter optimization method is developed to regulate the identified stability-weakest parameters. Hence, the parameter optimization technique in this research can improve the system stability without requiring eigenvalue solutions and has the merit of low computational complexity. Simulation results based on both the MATLAB/Simulink (2023a) and the RT-LAB (OPAL-RT 5700) platform of a multi-converter grid-tied system validate the correctness of the theoretical analysis and the effectiveness of the parameter optimization method. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Applications II)
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15 pages, 3237 KiB  
Article
Research on Dynamic and Thermal Effects Based on the Calculation of the Short-Circuit Current in Low-Voltage DC Distribution Systems for Civil Buildings
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(20), 11543; https://doi.org/10.3390/app132011543 - 21 Oct 2023
Viewed by 882
Abstract
The verification of short-circuit effects is very important for ensuring the safety of equipment and power systems. Compared with that in alternating current (AC) systems, research on this issue in direct current (DC) systems is scarce, and it is urgently necessary to develop [...] Read more.
The verification of short-circuit effects is very important for ensuring the safety of equipment and power systems. Compared with that in alternating current (AC) systems, research on this issue in direct current (DC) systems is scarce, and it is urgently necessary to develop an accurate verification method for applications in DC systems. This research establishes an equivalent model of a pole–pole cable short-circuit according to the characteristics of low-voltage DC distribution systems in civil buildings. Through theoretical analysis and numerical simulation, the development process of a short circuit is summarized, and the methods of verifying dynamic and thermal effects based on the time-domain characteristics of the short-circuit current are specified. By calculating the peak value and Joule integral of the short-circuit current, in comparison with those in the IEC 61660 (1997) standard, this research points out that the method in the IEC 61660 (1997) standard is insufficient. Finally, the short-circuit peak current is greatly affected by the DC-link capacitance, the steady-state current is directly related to the filter inductance of the AC-link; and the verification of the thermal effect requires the calculation of the Joule integral in the transient and steady state. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Applications II)
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16 pages, 3882 KiB  
Article
Development of a Conveyor Cart with Magnetic Levitation Mechanism Based on Multi Control Strategies
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(19), 10846; https://doi.org/10.3390/app131910846 - 29 Sep 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 807
Abstract
This paper presents the experimental magnetic levitation control development of Sanki Engineering airport luggage conveyor carts which have four magnetic levitation units working synchronously. With the PID controller, the state feedback controller and the zero-power controller refined by PID controller were implemented in [...] Read more.
This paper presents the experimental magnetic levitation control development of Sanki Engineering airport luggage conveyor carts which have four magnetic levitation units working synchronously. With the PID controller, the state feedback controller and the zero-power controller refined by PID controller were implemented in the one magnetic levitation unit system and four-unit magnetic levitation system, and the displacement and the current were verified in a real-time system. The magnetic levitation unit had a fast response, and the control algorithms were easily implemented. The change of current and displacement were compared. In the one-unit system, the PID and state feedback controller react to the disturbance at the same speed and have similar power consumptions. For a disturbance on the zero-power controller, the system generates a transient current to deal with the load disturbance and finally settles to 0 A. The PID control for four magnetic levitation units of the conveyor cart has a better stable performance during synchronous operation. Under the control of state feedback controller, they can keep the cart statically stable with some oscillation. These characteristics are experimentally confirmed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Applications II)
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19 pages, 10498 KiB  
Article
A Quantitative Stability Evaluation Method of VSC for Optimizing Control Parameters and Extending Stability Boundary to Avoid Oscillations
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(9), 5663; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13095663 - 05 May 2023
Viewed by 1076
Abstract
Oscillations caused by the interaction between voltage source converters (VSCs) and weak grids are vital threats to the stability of power systems. Determining the appropriate parameters for the control of VSCs is essential to prevent the occurrence of oscillations in advance. To achieve [...] Read more.
Oscillations caused by the interaction between voltage source converters (VSCs) and weak grids are vital threats to the stability of power systems. Determining the appropriate parameters for the control of VSCs is essential to prevent the occurrence of oscillations in advance. To achieve this goal, a quantitative evaluation method of system stability for VSCs is proposed in this article to specify the stability boundary of control parameters. Then, an active damping controller for current control and a parameter optimization method for the phase-locked loop (PLL) is proposed, and the related parameters are designed based on the guidance of the proposed evaluation method. With planting the parameters optimization in the control of VSC, the stability boundary of control parameters of VSC is extended, so that the stability of VSC can be significantly improved. Finally, simulations are presented to verify the effectiveness of the theoretical analysis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Applications II)
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15 pages, 1925 KiB  
Article
Online Adaptive Set of Virtual Voltage Vectors for Stator Current Regulation of a Six-Phase Induction Machine Using Finite State Model Predictive Controllers
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(7), 4113; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13074113 - 23 Mar 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1017
Abstract
Virtual voltage vectors (VVV) have been used for the control of multi-phase induction machines, where different sub-spaces appear related to the torque production and losses generation. In the literature, several sets of VVV have been used, aiming at reducing harmonic content while maintaining [...] Read more.
Virtual voltage vectors (VVV) have been used for the control of multi-phase induction machines, where different sub-spaces appear related to the torque production and losses generation. In the literature, several sets of VVV have been used, aiming at reducing harmonic content while maintaining a low computational burden. This paper proposes the use of different sets of VVV to regulate the stator current of multi-phase drives using finite-state model predictive controllers. In the proposal, only one set is active at each control period. This active set is obtained through a preliminary analysis using performance maps. As a result, a method is derived for the online selection using the current operating point. The selection is based on a simple computation from variables usually measured on variable-speed drives. Results are provided for a symmetrical six-phase IM, showing that the proposal improves the closed-loop performance of the multi-phase drive with a low computational cost. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Applications II)
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22 pages, 3927 KiB  
Article
Calculation of Main Circuit Steady-State Parameters for Capacitor Commutated Converter System
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(2), 1171; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13021171 - 15 Jan 2023
Viewed by 1524
Abstract
The calculation of the main circuit parameters is the basic part of the engineering design for high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission systems. Compared to the conventional line commutated converter (LCC), the application of the capacitor commutated converter (CCC) can reduce the probability [...] Read more.
The calculation of the main circuit parameters is the basic part of the engineering design for high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission systems. Compared to the conventional line commutated converter (LCC), the application of the capacitor commutated converter (CCC) can reduce the probability of commutation failures and the shunt capacitor reactive compensation. This paper proposes a calculation method of main circuit parameters for the CCC-based HVDC system. Firstly, the topology of a CCC-HVDC transmission system is described. Secondly, based on the steady-state mathematical model of the CCC, the paper proposes the calculation method of the commutation capacitor to satisfy the system requirements, and the calculation formulas of the main circuit parameters are also given. Then the calculation procedure of the main circuit steady-state parameters is described in detail considering system parameters, control modes, calculation tolerances and operating conditions. Finally, a two-terminal ±500 kV/3000 MW LCC-CCC HVDC transmission system is presented to verify the validity of the main circuit parameter calculation method. The proposed method has great significance for the AC filter design in practical engineering application. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Applications II)
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Review

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58 pages, 17924 KiB  
Review
Comprehensive Review of Electric Vehicle Technology and Its Impacts: Detailed Investigation of Charging Infrastructure, Power Management, and Control Techniques
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(15), 8919; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13158919 - 02 Aug 2023
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 8457
Abstract
Electric vehicles (EVs) are universally recognized as an incredibly effective method of lowering gas emissions and dependence on oil for transportation. Electricity, rather than more traditional fuels like gasoline or diesel, is used as the main source of energy to recharge the batteries [...] Read more.
Electric vehicles (EVs) are universally recognized as an incredibly effective method of lowering gas emissions and dependence on oil for transportation. Electricity, rather than more traditional fuels like gasoline or diesel, is used as the main source of energy to recharge the batteries in EVs. Future oil demand should decline as a result of the predicted rise in the number of EVs on the road. The charging infrastructure is considered as a key element of EV technology where the recent research is mostly focused. A strong charging infrastructure that serves both urban and rural areas, especially those with an unstable or nonexistent electrical supply, is essential in promoting the global adoption of EVs. Followed by different EV structures such as fuel-cell- and battery-integrated EVs, the charging infrastructures are thoroughly reviewed in three modes, specifically—off-grid (standalone), grid-connected, and hybrid modes (capable of both standalone and grid-connected operations). It will be interesting for the readers to understand in detail several energy-source-based charging systems and the usage of charging stations for different power levels. Towards the improvement of the lifetime and efficiency of EVs, charging methods and charging stations in integration with microgrid architectures are thoroughly investigated. EVs are a multi-energy system, which requires effective power management and control to optimize energy utilization. This review article also includes an evaluation of several power management and control strategies followed by the impact assessment of EVs on the utility grid. The findings and the future research directions provided in this review article will be extremely beneficial for EV operators and research engineers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Applications II)
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