Advances in Environmental Applied Physics—2nd Edition

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Applied Physics General".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2024 | Viewed by 943

Special Issue Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The presence of pollutants in the environment constitutes a health risk to the population, since this could increase the likelihood of incurring cancer. Experimental analysis will enhance the detection of significant radionuclides and metals that cause harm to the population and stimulate environmental remediation.

Among the various analytical techniques for the assessment of physical and chemical pollutants in the environment, alpha and gamma spectrometry are employed to obtain the specific activity of alpha and gamma radionuclides, respectively; ICP-MS can be used to investigate metals concentration; liquid scintillation counting (LSC) is employed to quantify the activity concentration of tritium, radon, and gross alpha and beta; total alpha/beta counting, with the thick source method, can be used for gross alpha and beta specific activity evaluation; and emanometry, in the H2O setup configuration, can be employed to estimate the gas radon activity concentration.

Dr. Francesco Caridi
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • environment
  • radioactivity
  • metals
  • alpha spectrometry
  • gamma spectrometry
  • ICP-MS
  • liquid scintillation counting (LSC)
  • total alpha/beta counting
  • emanometry

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Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

7 pages, 1328 KiB  
Communication
Radon-Specific Activity in Drinking Water and Radiological Health Risk Assessment: A Case Study
by Francesco Caridi, Giuseppe Paladini, Maurizio D’Agostino, Santina Marguccio, Alberto Belvedere, Giovanna Belmusto, Giovanna Stilo, Domenico Majolino and Valentina Venuti
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(17), 9660; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13179660 - 26 Aug 2023
Viewed by 679
Abstract
In this paper, the evaluation of the Rn-222 radioactivity content in drinking water samples from the Calabria region, southern Italy, is reported as a case study. The Rn-222-specific activity in the analyzed groundwater samples for human use was evaluated by using the PerkinElmer [...] Read more.
In this paper, the evaluation of the Rn-222 radioactivity content in drinking water samples from the Calabria region, southern Italy, is reported as a case study. The Rn-222-specific activity in the analyzed groundwater samples for human use was evaluated by using the PerkinElmer Tricarb 4910 TR setup and compared with the parameter value (100 Bq L−1) reported in the reference Italian legislation, i.e., D.Lgs. 28/2016, derived from the European Directive 2013/51/Euratom. The radiological health risk for the population of the investigated area, due to the ingestion and inhalation of Rn-222 dissolved in water, was then evaluated by calculating the total annual effective dose, only in those cases where the parameter value was exceeded. The obtained results represent a main reference for the investigated area and are useful for determining any possible radiological health risk for human beings related to the ingestion of the investigated radionuclide. Moreover, they can also be used as a baseline for future investigations regarding background radioactivity levels. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Environmental Applied Physics—2nd Edition)
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