Properties of Melt and Minerals at High Pressures and High Temperatures
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (24 January 2020) | Viewed by 44437
Interests: magma physical and chemical properties; properties of melt and minerals at high pressures and high temperatures; spectroscopic studies of inorganic materials; spectroscopic studies on volatiles species; experimental volcanology and petrology; crystallization dynamics; rheology of magma; water solubility and speciation; structure of silicate melts; eruption dynamics
High pressure, high temperature mineralogy has long played an essential role in our understanding of planetary interiors. As developments in high-pressure, high-temperature methods continue to emerge, we continue to broaden our insights on how the properties of minerals vary with depth from crust to mantle to core. Along with comparable advances made to analytical methods, we have reached levels of accuracy and precision in the determination of properties at extreme conditions that allow for a much sharper comprehension of Earth’s and other planetary interiors. Silicate melts are critical components in nearly every igneous process, particularly at conditions of high pressure. During Earth’s period of accretion silicate melts served as transport media leading to its chemical differentiation and formation of the core, mantle and crust. Like many minerals, the physical properties of silicate melts can be very sensitive to pressure, especially at conditions favoring the transformation of tetrahedral cations to pentahedral and octahedral species. Unique compression and decompression mechanisms can be the cause of anomalous behavior in the density and viscosity of evolving magmatic systems. Our understanding of how silicate melts behave at depths of the Earth is vital because of our vulnerability to the volcanic activity at its surface as eruptions can vary widely in style, scale, duration and frequency.
Prof. Claudia Romano
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- silicate melts
- mineral physics
- physical properties