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Biodegradable Polymer: Structure, Properties and Applications

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Materials Science".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 June 2024 | Viewed by 2302

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Faculty of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Interests: water soluble polymers, including polyelectrolytes; biodegradable polymers and hydrogels; colloids, liposomes and lipid monolayers; interpolymer and polymer-colloid complexes; biocidal polymer-based films; biomedical application of (bio)polymers

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nowadays, polymers play an important role in our lives. The use of conventional synthetic polymers derived from petroleum resources has given rise to new problems associated with the disposal of polymer waste. Synthetic polymers decompose extremely slowly, thus polluting the environment. In contrast, biodegradable polymers are broken into smaller fragments that are attacked by microorganisms. A combination of conventional and biodegradable polymers allows new hybrid materials and products whose biological, physicomechanical, and operational properties can be accurately controlled over a wide range.

This Special Issue, “Biodegradable Polymer: Structure, Properties and Applications”, presents publications with new research results, showing the close relationship between the compositions and properties of novel biodegradable and hybrid polymers with potential usage in packaging, agriculture, medicine, and other areas. Interdisciplinary publications that involve methods and approaches from related fields of science are particularly welcome, allowing deeper insights into biodegradable polymeric constructs for their controlled manipulation.

We accept full articles and research reviews reflecting important and recent developments in the field of polymer synthesis, as well as analyses of their structures, properties, and applications.

Prof. Dr. Alexander Anatolyevich Yaroslavov
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. There is an Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal. For details about the APC please see here. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biodegradable polymers
  • synthesis
  • structure
  • properties
  • applications

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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15 pages, 2521 KiB  
Article
Double Photocrosslinked Responsive Hydrogels Based on Hydroxypropyl Guar
by Alexander S. Ospennikov, Andrey V. Shibaev and Olga E. Philippova
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(24), 17477; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms242417477 - 14 Dec 2023
Viewed by 577
Abstract
Double crosslinked hydrogels based on a biodegradable polymer were prepared by photocopolymerization of methacrylated hydroxypropyl guar (HPG-MA) and 3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid. Along with irreversible strong covalent crosslinks by methacrylic groups, these hydrogels contained labile boronate crosslinks formed as a result of the interaction of [...] Read more.
Double crosslinked hydrogels based on a biodegradable polymer were prepared by photocopolymerization of methacrylated hydroxypropyl guar (HPG-MA) and 3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid. Along with irreversible strong covalent crosslinks by methacrylic groups, these hydrogels contained labile boronate crosslinks formed as a result of the interaction of boronic acid with cis-diol moieties of HPG. These hydrogels demonstrated higher elasticity than HPG-MA hydrogels with only irreversible covalent crosslinks. Labile boronate crosslinks not only strengthened the hydrogels but also imparted to them pronounced responsive properties. It was demonstrated that the mechanical properties, the swelling behavior, as well as the uptake and release of some substances from the double crosslinked hydrogel were pH controlled. For instance, the hydrogels could release cationic disinfectant at a rate regulated by pH. Such photocrosslinkable in situ forming hydrogels are very promising for the production of smart coatings that release targeted substances at the desired rate. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradable Polymer: Structure, Properties and Applications)
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11 pages, 6690 KiB  
Article
Biodegradable Water-Soluble Matrix for Immobilization of Biocidal 4-Hexylresorcinol
by Olga A. Novoskoltseva, Ekaterina A. Litmanovich, Nataliya G. Loiko, Yury A. Nikolaev and Alexander A. Yaroslavov
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(19), 14717; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms241914717 - 28 Sep 2023
Viewed by 801
Abstract
Biocidal coatings have been used in biomedicine, cosmetology and the food industry. In this article, the coatings are described as being composed of non-stoichiometric polycomplexes, products of electrostatic coupling of two commercial biodegradable ionic polymers, anionic sodium alginate and cationic quaternized hydroxyethyl cellulose [...] Read more.
Biocidal coatings have been used in biomedicine, cosmetology and the food industry. In this article, the coatings are described as being composed of non-stoichiometric polycomplexes, products of electrostatic coupling of two commercial biodegradable ionic polymers, anionic sodium alginate and cationic quaternized hydroxyethyl cellulose ethoxylate. Non-stoichiometric polycomplexes with a 5-fold excess of the cationic polymer were used for immobilizing hydrophobic biocidal 4-hexylresorcinol (HR). Being dispersed in water, the polycomplex particles were capable of absorbing a tenfold excess of HR in relation to the polycation. After deposition onto the plastic surface and drying, the aqueous polycomplex–HR composite formulation forms a transparent homogeneous coating, which swells slightly in water. The interpolyelectrolyte complex (IPEC) is substantially non-toxic. The incorporation of HR in the IPEC imparts antimicrobial activity to the resulting composite, in both aqueous solutions and coatings, against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and yeast. The polysaccharide-based polycomplexes with embedded HR are promising for the fabrication of biocidal films and coatings. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradable Polymer: Structure, Properties and Applications)
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Review

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26 pages, 3150 KiB  
Review
Recent Advances in the Degradability and Applications of Tissue Adhesives Based on Biodegradable Polymers
by Shuzhuang Zhu, Wenguang Dou, Xiaojun Zeng, Xingchao Chen, Yonglin Gao, Hongliang Liu and Sidi Li
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2024, 25(10), 5249; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25105249 - 11 May 2024
Viewed by 404
Abstract
In clinical practice, tissue adhesives have emerged as an alternative tool for wound treatments due to their advantages in ease of use, rapid application, less pain, and minimal tissue damage. Since most tissue adhesives are designed for internal use or wound treatments, the [...] Read more.
In clinical practice, tissue adhesives have emerged as an alternative tool for wound treatments due to their advantages in ease of use, rapid application, less pain, and minimal tissue damage. Since most tissue adhesives are designed for internal use or wound treatments, the biodegradation of adhesives is important. To endow tissue adhesives with biodegradability, in the past few decades, various biodegradable polymers, either natural polymers (such as chitosan, hyaluronic acid, gelatin, chondroitin sulfate, starch, sodium alginate, glucans, pectin, functional proteins, and peptides) or synthetic polymers (such as poly(lactic acid), polyurethanes, polycaprolactone, and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)), have been utilized to develop novel biodegradable tissue adhesives. Incorporated biodegradable polymers are degraded in vivo with time under specific conditions, leading to the destruction of the structure and the further degradation of tissue adhesives. In this review, we first summarize the strategies of utilizing biodegradable polymers to develop tissue adhesives. Furthermore, we provide a symmetric overview of the biodegradable polymers used for tissue adhesives, with a specific focus on the degradability and applications of these tissue adhesives. Additionally, the challenges and perspectives of biodegradable polymer-based tissue adhesives are discussed. We expect that this review can provide new inspirations for the design of novel biodegradable tissue adhesives for biomedical applications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradable Polymer: Structure, Properties and Applications)
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