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Bioactive Compounds and Their Antioxidant Role

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Bioactives and Nutraceuticals".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 October 2024 | Viewed by 3145

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Interests: near-infrared spectroscopy; chemometrics; modelling; extraction; food quality

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

I am pleased to announce this Special Issue, “Bioactive Compounds and Their Antioxidant Role”, of the International Journal of Molecular Sciences. Bioactive compounds are intensively evaluated due to their positive impacts on human health due to their physiological, immunological and behavioural effects. These compounds are of great importance since they are involved in the regulation of various metabolic processes in the human body, such as free radical scavenging, gene expression, enzymes, etc. Besides their primary role in traditional medicine, they play an important role in numerous food and pharmaceutical industries due to increasing consumer demand for natural, healthy, nutritious and economical products. Key parameters such as the bioaccessibility, bioavailability and bioactivity of these compounds should be taken into account in order to ensure their proper application.

This Special Issue will include papers dealing with the extraction and identification of biocompounds from different natural sources; their application in the medicine, pharmacological, cosmetic and food industries; and, in combination with antioxidants and polyphenols, their uses under oxidative stress conditions.

Dr. Tamara Jurina
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • bioactive compounds
  • antioxidants
  • polyphenolic compounds
  • nutraceuticals
  • phytochemicals
  • bioavailability
  • medicine

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

17 pages, 1345 KiB  
Article
Chemical Profile and Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of Rosa canina L. Dried Fruit Commercially Available in Serbia
by Vojkan M. Miljković, Ljubiša Nikolić, Jelena Mrmošanin, Ivana Gajić, Tatjana Mihajilov-Krstev, Jelena Zvezdanović and Milena Miljković
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2024, 25(5), 2518; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25052518 - 21 Feb 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 838
Abstract
The aim of this work was to give as much information as possible on Rosa canina dried fruit that is commercially available in Serbia. In order to provide the chemical composition, the UHPLC-DAD-ESI-MS method was employed for both polar and non-polar extracts of [...] Read more.
The aim of this work was to give as much information as possible on Rosa canina dried fruit that is commercially available in Serbia. In order to provide the chemical composition, the UHPLC-DAD-ESI-MS method was employed for both polar and non-polar extracts of samples obtained with a solvent mixture consisting of hexane, acetone, and ethanol in a volume ratio of 2:1:1, respectively, and 0.05% (w/v) butylated hydroxytoluene. In addition, the total content levels of lycopene, β-carotene, total polyphenols, and flavonoids were determined by means of UV-vis spectrophotometry. The antioxidant activity was tested by applying four different methods: ABTS, DPPH, FRAP, and CUPRAC. Overall, nine compounds were identified. The results of chemical composition analysis were used as the basis for the interpretation of the calculated results for the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. The obtained results for R. canina dried fruit extract are as follows: β-carotene—7.25 [mg/100 g fruit weight]; lycopene—2.34 (mg/100 g FW); total polyphenol content (TPC)—2980 [mg GAE/kg FW]; total flavonoid content (TFC)—1454 [mg CE/kg FW]; antioxidant activity—ABTS 12.3 [μmol/100 g FW], DPPH 6.84, FRAP 52.04, and CUPRAC 15,425; and antimicrobial activity—Staphylococcus aureus MIC/MMC 4/0 [mg∙mL−1], Enterococcus faecalis 4/0, Bacillus cereus 4/0, Escherichia coli 4/0, Salmonella enteritidis 4/4, Enteroabacter aerogenes 4/0, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2/0, and Candida albicans 2/0. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds and Their Antioxidant Role)
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15 pages, 3640 KiB  
Article
Potential Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Polyphenolic Compounds from Cirsium japonicum Extract
by Hun Hwan Kim, Se Hyo Jeong, Min Yeong Park, Pritam Bhagwan Bhosale, Abuyaseer Abusaliya, Hyun Wook Kim, Je Kyung Seong, Dong Il Kim, Sang Joon Lee, Kwang Il Park and Gon Sup Kim
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2024, 25(2), 785; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25020785 - 8 Jan 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 966
Abstract
Cirsium japonicum is a medicinal plant that has been used due to its beneficial properties. However, extensive information regarding its therapeutic potential is scarce in the scientific literature. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of polyphenols derived from the Cirsium japonicum extracts (CJE) was [...] Read more.
Cirsium japonicum is a medicinal plant that has been used due to its beneficial properties. However, extensive information regarding its therapeutic potential is scarce in the scientific literature. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of polyphenols derived from the Cirsium japonicum extracts (CJE) was systematically analyzed. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with mass spectrometry (MS) was used to examine the compounds in CJE. A total of six peaks of polyphenol compounds were identified in the extract, and their MS data were also confirmed. These bioactive compounds were subjected to ultrafiltration with LC analysis to assess their potential for targeting cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) and DPPH. The outcomes showed which primary compounds had the highest affinity for binding both COX2 and DPPH. This suggests that components that showed excellent binding ability to DPPH and COX2 can be considered significant active substances. Additionally, in vitro analysis of CJE was carried out in macrophage cells after inducing inflammation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). As a result, it downregulated the expression of two critical pro-inflammatory cytokines, COX2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In addition, we found a solid binding ability through the molecular docking analysis of the selected compounds with inflammatory mediators. In conclusion, we identified polyphenolic compounds in CJE extract and confirmed their potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. These results may provide primary data for the application of CJE in the food and pharmaceutical industries with further analysis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds and Their Antioxidant Role)
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15 pages, 8079 KiB  
Article
Dynamic Changes of Phenolic Composition, Antioxidant Capacity, and Gene Expression in ‘Snow White’ Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) Fruit throughout Development and Ripening
by Kun Zhang, Jiayun Zhou, Panhui Song, Xinyu Li, Xuemei Peng, Yong Huang, Qiaoli Ma, Dong Liang and Qunxian Deng
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2024, 25(1), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25010080 - 20 Dec 2023
Viewed by 717
Abstract
The newly released ‘Snow White’ (SW), a white-fleshed loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) cultivar, holds promise for commercial production. However, the specifics of the phenolic composition in white-fleshed loquats, along with the antioxidant substances and their regulatory mechanisms, are not yet fully understood. [...] Read more.
The newly released ‘Snow White’ (SW), a white-fleshed loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) cultivar, holds promise for commercial production. However, the specifics of the phenolic composition in white-fleshed loquats, along with the antioxidant substances and their regulatory mechanisms, are not yet fully understood. In this study, we examined the dynamic changes in the phenolic compounds, enzyme activities, antioxidant capacity, and gene expression patterns of SW during the key stages of fruit development and ripening. A total of 18 phenolic compounds were identified in SW, with chlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, and coniferyl alcohol being the most predominant. SW demonstrated a stronger antioxidant capacity in the early stages of development, largely due to total phenolics and flavonoids. Neochlorogenic acid may be the most significant antioxidant contributor in loquat. A decline in enzyme activities corresponded with fruit softening. Different genes within a multigene family played distinct roles in the synthesis of phenolics. C4H1, 4CL2, 4CL9, HCT, CCoAOMT5, F5H, COMT1, CAD6, and POD42 were implicated in the regulation of neochlorogenic acid synthesis and accumulation. Consequently, these findings enhance our understanding of phenolic metabolism and offer fresh perspectives on the development of germplasm resources for white-fleshed loquats. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds and Their Antioxidant Role)
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