Special Issue "Crystallization Thermodynamics"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2022) | Viewed by 51649
Interests: glass and the glass transition, thermodynamics, structure, rheology, relaxation, and crystallization kinetics; thermodynamics and kinetics of first-order phase transitions, theory and applications; crystal nucleation and interplay of crystallization and glass transition
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The theoretical description of crystallization processes has a long history. Nevertheless, it remains an actively developing area of research with a variety of unresolved and newly evolving problems and a wide spectrum of applications. The classical theory of nucleation and growth processes assumes that crystallization proceeds via the formation of small crystallites, with properties being essentially the same as those of the finally evolving macroscopic phases. This assumption allows one to describe theoretically nucleation and growth processes in a qualitatively adequate way but leads to significant problems in reconciling theory and experiment quantitatively. New theoretical developments and advanced experimental analysis are required to fill this gap, which is the topic proposed for this Special Issue. Particular problems in this direction are, for example, (i) the further elaboration of methods to determine the thermodynamic driving force of crystallization by advancing the knowledge of phase diagrams of multi-component systems and the methods of theoretical predictions of the properties of the melts, (ii) the further development of methods of specification of the curvature dependence of the surface tension in the classical theory of nucleation and growth and its generalizations, (iii) the specification of both bulk and surface properties of critical crystallites in dependence on the degree of deviation from equilibrium, (iv) the interplay of crystal nucleation and glass transition in cooling processes, (v) the qualitative change of the response of the ambient phase on crystallization near to the glass transition temperature, (vi) crystallization and growth in inhomogeneous media, and (vii) new methods of specification of the crystallization activity of heterogeneous nucleation cores. In the present Special Issue, it is proposed to concentrate on thermodynamic aspects being one of the essential ingredients of the theory of crystallization processes.
Dr. habil. Jürn W. P. Schmelzer
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- crystal nucleation
- crystal growth
- general theory of phase transition
- phase diagrams
- prediction of properties of glass-forming melts
- glass and glass transition
- thermodynamics of nucleation
- surface thermodynamics
- surface energies in surfaces and interfaces