Special Issue "Biodiversity and Ecology in the Mediterranean Sea"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2024 | Viewed by 1913
Interests: fisheries acoustics; small pelagic fish; krill; marine ecology
We are pleased to announce a forthcoming Special Issue titled “Biodiversity and Ecology in the Mediterranean Sea”.
Marine biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea, as in many other oceans and seas of the world, has been undergoing extensive modifications in recent years due to the rapidly progressing climate changes we are witnessing. Some Mediterranean typical species are likely to be downsized, and new species adapted to the tropical climate will gain more and more space in Mediterranean waters if the current thermal trend persists.
The Mediterranean is home to more than 17,000 marine species, which corresponds to 4 to 18% of the world’s known marine species; 20–30% of Mediterranean marine species are endemic, being the highest rate of endemism at global level (SoED 2020). This very high biodiversity could be explained by the different climatic and hydrologic conditions that can be found all over the Mediterranean Sea, but also with the old tradition of biological studies carried out in this area. Anyway, more than 1000 non-indigenous marine species have been recorded and 618 species are considered established. Coralligenous ecosystems covering approximately 2760 square kilometers are threatened by fishing gear, boat anchoring, invasive species, pollution and climate change. Moreover, around 70% of habitat loss of Posidonia oceanica is projected by 2050, with the potential for functional extinction by 2100 (IPCC, 2019). From 1950 to 2011, the Mediterranean lost 41% of top predators, including marine mammals. Projections suggest that more than 30 endemic species will become extinct by the end of the century; 75% of Mediterranean and Black Sea stocks (for which validated assessments are available) are fished at biologically unsustainable levels (SoMFi 2020). To try to contrast the abovementioned problems, marine protected areas (MPAs) have been established over the years. Unfortunately, only 9% of Mediterranean marine area is currently protected, and only 10% of MPAs implement management plans. A well-represented biodiversity in a marine area means better functionality of local ecosystems with many benefits for the local populations, including humans. Therefore, it is important to focus on biodiversity-related studies.
Marine ecology could be the key subject to try to interpret how living organisms will interact with physical factors in this rapidly changing environment to have an idea of short–medium term modifications in the biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea.
This Special Issue is a good opportunity to combine and synthesize recent research focused on biodiversity and ecological studies concerning aquatic organisms of the Mediterranean Sea. We, together with Diversity’s team, kindly invite you to submit a manuscript focused on any of the above topics. Although specific case studies with broad implications are welcome, we encourage authors to submit large-scale and/or multi-specific studies, synthesis works and reviews that could widen our knowledge on the aspects listed above. If you are interested in this opportunity or have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.
Dr. Andrea De Felice
Dr. Iole Leonori
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Diversity is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- mediterranean sea
- environmental factors