Special Issue "Catalytic Reforming of Methane"
A special issue of Catalysts (ISSN 2073-4344).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2019) | Viewed by 14116
Interests: perovskite-type oxides; heterogeneous catalysis; nanomaterial design; rational design of metal oxides; nanocatalysis; mesoporous materials; CO2 reduction
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Special Issue in Batteries: Energy Management and Storage in Metal-Air Batteries
Interests: metal-support interactions; nanostructured materials; syngas production; environmental catalysis; hydrogenation, dehydrogenation, H2 production; catalytic oxidation
Natural gas reforming by means of dry reforming has recently achieved great importance as a way of producing syngas. Great attention is being paid to the conversion of CH4 and CO2, the cheapest carbon-containing materials, into more valuable compounds by catalytic reactions. The conversion of CH4 to synthesis gas is usually carried out by steam reforming with a ratio of H2/CO > 3, which is too high to be suitable for Fischer–Tropsch synthesis. The replacement of H2O by CO2 has received considerable attention from an environmental point of view because the emission of CH4 and CO2 into the atmosphere bring about global warming through the greenhouse effect, and these harmful gases can be simultaneously converted into useful synthesis gas. Many efforts have focused on the development of perovskite mixed oxide and metal catalysts which bear high catalytic performances toward synthesis gas formation and are also resistant to carbon deposition, thus displaying stable long-term operation. Noble metal catalysts are less sensitive to carbon deposition; however, base metals, such as Ni, Fe, and Co, are often preferred considering the high cost and limited availability of noble metals.
This particular Special Issue of Catalysts is, therefore, on the following topics:
- Tackling the issue of catalyst design based on an understanding of its deactivation mechanism;
- Active catalysts with a small particle size, appropriate metal-support interaction but nonetheless good reducibility, and a certain tolerance to carbon formation;
- Investigating the prevention of carbon diffusion into active metal crystallites while maintaining acceptable activity;
- Optimizing of the reaction conditions for the process in a variety of different catalytic material classes, including perovskite mixed oxides, metal-oxide systems, and intermetallic compounds;
- Combining catalysis and plasma, which can be an alternative to integrate the advantages of catalysis and plasma.
Dr. Hamidreza Arandiyan
Prof. Mehran Rezaei
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Catalytic processes for synthesis gas production
- Noble metal catalysts
- Perovskite mixed oxide catalysts
- Transition metal oxides catalysts
- Novel synthetic techniques
- Shape and size effects in catalysis
- Surface/structure promotion
- Advanced characterization studies