Feature Review Papers in Applied Physics

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Applied Physics General".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 July 2024 | Viewed by 3172

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Section of Condensed Matter Physics and Solid Earth Physics Institute, Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografos, 157 84 Athens, Greece
Interests: earthquake precursory phenomena; physics of earthquakes; earthquake prediction; natural time analysis; thermodynamics of point defects; complex systems physics; nonlinear dynamics
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Guest Editor
Department of Computer Science, School of Computing and Engineering, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK
Interests: time series analysis; molecular dynamics; condensed matter physics; stochastic processes; density functional theory; time series; neural networks; deep learning; solid state physics; molecular dynamics simulation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We now stand almost one year after the end of the COVID-19 pandemic with the will to continue our pursuit of the physical law in science and of innovation in engineering. This Special Issue focuses on the recent advances in applied physics. and aims to collect high-quality systematic reviews in this field.

All applications of physics aiming to solve practical problems are included. All articles that employ physics or present physics research focused on (i) developing new methods and/or technologies or (ii) solving engineering problems are welcome.

The topics of interest for this Special Issue include, but are not limited to, astrophysics, atmosphere, biophysics, cardiology, complex systems, disaster mitigation, earthquakes, geophysics, lasers, materials, medicine, optics, photonics, plasmas, reliability, safety, security, semiconductors, and spectroscopy. 

We hope all published papers will be widely read, highly influential and promote the most recent advances in the field.

Prof. Dr. Nicholas Vassiliou Sarlis
Dr. Stavros-Richard G. Christopoulos
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • astrophysics
  • atmospheric physics
  • biophysics
  • cardiology
  • complex systems
  • disaster mitigation
  • earthquakes
  • geophysics
  • lasers
  • materials
  • medicine
  • optics
  • photonics
  • plasmas
  • reliability
  • safety
  • security
  • semiconductors
  • spectroscopy

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Review

13 pages, 2857 KiB  
Review
Unusual Animal Behavior as a Possible Candidate of Earthquake Prediction
by Masashi Hayakawa and Hiroyuki Yamauchi
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(10), 4317; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14104317 - 20 May 2024
Viewed by 338
Abstract
Short-term (with a lead time of about one week) earthquake (EQ) prediction is one of the most challenging subjects in geoscience and applied science; however, it is highly required by society because it is of essential importance in mitigating the human and economic [...] Read more.
Short-term (with a lead time of about one week) earthquake (EQ) prediction is one of the most challenging subjects in geoscience and applied science; however, it is highly required by society because it is of essential importance in mitigating the human and economic losses associated with EQs. Electromagnetic precursors have recently been agreed to be the most powerful candidate for short-term prediction, because a lot of evidence has been accumulated on the presence of electromagnetic precursors (not only from the lithosphere, but also from the atmosphere and ionosphere) prior to EQs during the last three decades. On the other hand, unusual animal behavior associated with EQs, which is the main topic of this review, has been investigated as a macroscopic phenomenon for many years, with a much longer history than the study of seismo-electromagnetics. So, in this paper, we first summarize the previous research work on this general unusual animal behavior with reference to its relationship with EQs, and then we pay the greatest attention to our own previous work on dairy cows’ milk yield changes. We recommend this unusual animal behavior as an additional potential tool for short-term EQ prediction, which may be a supplement to the above seismo-electromagnetic effects. Finally, we will present our latest case study (as an example) on unusual changes of cows’ milk yields for a particular recent Tokyo EQ on 7 October 2021, and further propose that electromagnetic effects might be a possible sensory mechanism of unusual animal behavior, suggesting a close link between electromagnetic effects and unusual animal behavior. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Review Papers in Applied Physics)
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31 pages, 20277 KiB  
Review
A Review of Friction Dissipative Beam-to-Column Connections for the Seismic Design of MRFs
by Piero Colajanni, Muhammad Ahmed, Salvatore Pagnotta and Pietro Orlando
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(6), 2291; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14062291 - 8 Mar 2024
Viewed by 858
Abstract
The use of friction-based beam-to-column connections (BCCs) for earthquake-resistant moment-resistant frames (MRFs), aimed at eliminating damage to beam end sections due to the development of plastic hinges, has been prevalent since the early 1980s. Different technical solutions have been proposed for steel structures, [...] Read more.
The use of friction-based beam-to-column connections (BCCs) for earthquake-resistant moment-resistant frames (MRFs), aimed at eliminating damage to beam end sections due to the development of plastic hinges, has been prevalent since the early 1980s. Different technical solutions have been proposed for steel structures, and some have been designed for timber structures, while a few recent studies concern friction joints employed in reinforced concrete structures. Research aimed at characterizing the behavior of joints has focused on the evaluation of the tribological properties of the friction materials, coefficient of friction, shape and stability of the hysteresis cycles, influence of the temperature, speed of load application, effects of the application method, stability of preload, the influence of seismic excitation characteristics on the structural response, statistical characterization of amplitude, and frequency of the slip excursion during seismic excitation. Studies aimed at identifying the design parameters capable of optimizing performance have focused attention mainly on the slip threshold, device stiffness, and deformation capacity. This review compiles the main and most recent solutions developed for MRFs. Furthermore, the pros and cons for each solution are highlighted, focusing on the dissipative capacity, shape, and stability of hysteresis loops. In addition, the common issues affecting all friction connections, namely the characteristics of friction shims and the role of bolt preload, are discussed. Based on the above considerations, guidelines can be outlined that can be used to help to choose the most appropriate solutions for BCCs for MRFs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Review Papers in Applied Physics)
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15 pages, 1815 KiB  
Review
The Evolution of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Materials
by Alexander Chroneos, Ioannis L. Goulatis, Andrei Solovjov and Ruslan V. Vovk
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(1), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14010069 - 20 Dec 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1423
Abstract
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are a key component of the future energy landscape. Although there is considerable research on the physical properties and technology of classic oxide materials for electrode and electrolytes in SOFCs, the field is very active as new experimental [...] Read more.
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are a key component of the future energy landscape. Although there is considerable research on the physical properties and technology of classic oxide materials for electrode and electrolytes in SOFCs, the field is very active as new experimental and theoretical techniques are now available that can improve these systems. In the present review, we consider key systems such as perovskite-related materials, the impact of strain and interfaces and advanced concepts that can improve the properties of SOFC materials. In particular, we consider the oxygen diffusion properties of perovskite-related materials and focus on La2NiO4+δ and the double perovskites such as GdBaCo2O5.5. Then, we review the importance of interfaces and strain as a way to engineer defect processes. Finally, we consider advanced concepts to form designed structures that explore the effect of local high entropy on lattice stabilization. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Review Papers in Applied Physics)
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