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Publications, Volume 11, Issue 1 (March 2023) – 19 articles

Cover Story (view full-size image): Ten years after the journal’s first publication, we are taking a closer look at the knowledge flows of the output of the journal Publications. We analyzed the papers, topics, their authors, and countries to assess the development of scholarly communication within Publications. Our bibliometric analyses show the research journal’s community, where the knowledge of this community is coming from, where it is going, and how diverse the community is based on its internationality and multidisciplinarity. We aim to inform the editors and editorial board about the journal’s development to advance the journal’s role in scholarly communication. The results show that regarding topical diversity and internationality, the journal has developed remarkably. View this paper
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10 pages, 1019 KiB  
Article
Knowledge Maps as Support Tool for Managing Scientific Competences: A Case Study at a Portuguese Research Institute
by João Génio, Alina Trifan and António J. R. Neves
Publications 2023, 11(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010019 - 21 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1899
Abstract
In a research organization, finding someone who is an expert in a field and that can take up a given role, defining areas of excellence, or employing a new member all require understanding the competences that are available in-house. This work explores the [...] Read more.
In a research organization, finding someone who is an expert in a field and that can take up a given role, defining areas of excellence, or employing a new member all require understanding the competences that are available in-house. This work explores the idea of using knowledge or competence maps as support tools for managing scientific competences. We implemented a use case at the Institute of Electronics and Informatics Engineering of Aveiro, a research institute at the University of Aveiro, but the methodology we proposed can be adapted to virtually any research organization. Knowledge maps are visual representations of information that can be designed with variable granularities with respect to the knowledge assets of an organization. From a research management perspective, knowledge maps support the discovery of research competences and provide an instant overview of a topic by showing the main areas at a glance. This solution explored in this work employed data mining approaches for gathering information from public databases and presenting it using knowledge maps. Other visualization tools, such as bar graphs, tables, filters and search functionalities, were created and integrated into a web platform. When put together, these components could turn the platform into a key component for the administration of a research organization. Full article
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2 pages, 186 KiB  
Editorial
Why Research Retraction Due to Misconduct Should Be Stigmatized
by Guangwei Hu and Shaoxiong Brian Xu
Publications 2023, 11(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010018 - 17 Mar 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2109
Abstract
Many of us may remember Hester Prynne, the protagonist of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, who was stigmatized for conceiving a daughter out of wedlock [...] Full article
11 pages, 223 KiB  
Article
The Landscape of Scholarly Book Publishing in Croatia: Finding Pathways for Viable Open Access Models
by Iva Melinščak Zlodi
Publications 2023, 11(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010017 - 16 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2351
Abstract
(1) Background: Open access to scholarly works is globally recognized as a goal to be achieved as soon as possible; however, there is not yet a general understanding of how to achieve open access for books. In considering the most appropriate models of [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Open access to scholarly works is globally recognized as a goal to be achieved as soon as possible; however, there is not yet a general understanding of how to achieve open access for books. In considering the most appropriate models of transition, an accurate and detailed insight into national and regional specifics can be of great importance. The aim of this research is to show the current state of scholarly book publishing in Croatia: recognising the key stakeholders, their characteristics, and the current level of open access to scholarly books. (2) Methods: The existing data from two different sources were used: the data about the public subsidies for book publishers by the Ministry of Science and Education and the data on published books from the Croatian Scientific Bibliography CROSBI, both for the period from 2018 to 2021. (3) Results: In the four-year period, 224 Croatian publishers were awarded subsidies to publish 2359 book titles. The majority of the publishers received support for only a small number of titles and relatively low amounts of subsidies. More than half of the titles are published by small private commercial publishers. However, the uptake of digital publishing among commercial publishers is very modest. Open access to scholarly books is almost entirely in the domain of non-commercial publishers. Most open access titles are available on the websites of their publishers. (4) Conclusions: The analysis of the data from these two sources have resulted in an overview of the current state of book publishing in Croatia. Such an overview provides a good basis for designing future measures and creating a national open science plan and can also be a useful contribution to international discussions. Full article
15 pages, 2795 KiB  
Article
Scholarly Communication over a Decade of Publications
by Tamara Heck, Dirk Tunger and Marc Rittberger
Publications 2023, 11(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010016 - 06 Mar 2023
Viewed by 2078
Abstract
Ten years after the journal’s first publication, we are taking a closer look at the knowledge flows of the output of the journal Publications. We analyzed the papers, topics, their authors and countries to assess the development of scholarly communication within Publications [...] Read more.
Ten years after the journal’s first publication, we are taking a closer look at the knowledge flows of the output of the journal Publications. We analyzed the papers, topics, their authors and countries to assess the development of scholarly communication within Publications. Our bibliometric analyses show the research journal’s community, where the knowledge of this community is coming from, where it is going, and how diverse the community is based on its internationality and multidisciplinarity. We compare these findings with the scopes and topical goals the journal specifies. We aim at informing the editors and editorial board about the journal’s development to advance the journal’s role in scholarly communication. The results show that regarding topical diversity and internationality, the journal has remarkably developed. Moreover, the journal tends towards the field of library and information science, but strengthens its multidisciplinary status via its topics and author backgrounds. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Looking Forwards and Backwards: 10 Years of Publications)
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24 pages, 3495 KiB  
Article
Mapping Gendered Communications, Film, and Media Studies: Seven Author Clusters and Two Discursive Communities
by Kim Britt Pijselman and Miklós Sükösd
Publications 2023, 11(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010015 - 06 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1774
Abstract
This study examined and mapped the extent to which gender became incorporated into the intersecting research fields of communications, film, and media studies. A total of 8054 academic publications from these disciplines, indexed in the Web of Science between 1975 and 2022 ( [...] Read more.
This study examined and mapped the extent to which gender became incorporated into the intersecting research fields of communications, film, and media studies. A total of 8054 academic publications from these disciplines, indexed in the Web of Science between 1975 and 2022 (ndocs = 8054), were extracted to create two types of bibliometric maps: (a) an author co-citation map, and (b) a co-occurrence map of key terms (taken from keyword lists, titles, and abstracts of publications). Our results revealed a pattern of seven distinct clusters of 995 authors (nauthors = 995) in the field. Additional research is needed to analyze the internal structure of these seven clusters, and label them accordingly. The key terms in the same authors’ works, however, show a distinctively different pattern, namely a divided, dichotomous, polarized structure (nterms = 720). Judging from this, we hypothesize that gender is discussed in two main ways: either as a critical concept concerning discourses, representations, and other social and cultural constructs, or as a variable in more formal sociological and psychological research designs. The conceptual framework and results of the present study lay the foundation for further research regarding the diverse academic agendas of the seven author clusters, the split nature of their discursive communities, as well as the key difference between the two patterns. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gender Research at the Nexus of the Social Sciences and Humanities)
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13 pages, 262 KiB  
Article
Can Retracted Social Science Articles Be Distinguished from Non-Retracted Articles by Some of the Same Authors, Using Benford’s Law or Other Statistical Methods?
by Walter R. Schumm, Duane W. Crawford, Lorenza Lockett, Asma bin Ateeq and Abdullah AlRashed
Publications 2023, 11(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010014 - 03 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1585
Abstract
A variety of ways to detect problems in small sample social science surveys has been discussed by a variety of authors. Here, several new approaches for detecting anomalies in large samples are presented and their use illustrated through comparisons of seven retracted or [...] Read more.
A variety of ways to detect problems in small sample social science surveys has been discussed by a variety of authors. Here, several new approaches for detecting anomalies in large samples are presented and their use illustrated through comparisons of seven retracted or corrected journal articles with a control group of eight articles published since 2000 by a similar group of authors on similar topics; all the articles involved samples from several hundred to many thousands of participants. Given the small sample of articles (k = 15) and low statistical power, only 2/12 of individual anomaly comparisons were not statistically significant, but large effect sizes (d > 0.80) were common for most of the anomaly comparisons. A six-item total anomaly scale featured a Cronbach alpha of 0.92, suggesting that the six anomalies were moderately correlated rather than isolated issues. The total anomaly scale differentiated the two groups of articles, with an effect size of 3.55 (p < 0.001); an anomaly severity scale derived from the same six items, with an alpha of 0.94, yielded an effect size of 3.52 (p < 0.001). Deviations from the predicted distribution of first digits in regression coefficients (Benford’s Law) were associated with anomalies and differences between the two groups of articles; however, the results were mixed in terms of statistical significance, though the effect sizes were large (d ≥ 0.90). The methodology was able to detect unusual anomalies in both retracted and non-retracted articles. In conclusion, the results provide several useful approaches that may be helpful for detecting questionable research practices, especially data or results fabrication, in social science, medical, or other scientific research. Full article
13 pages, 267 KiB  
Article
The Gender Gap in Job Status and Career Development of Chinese Publishing Practitioners
by Yawen Li and Yushan Zhao
Publications 2023, 11(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010013 - 03 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2615
Abstract
There is a significant difference between the number of male and female Chinese publishing practitioners. To investigate the gender gap among Chinese publishing practitioners, we surveyed 3372 valid questionnaires from 30 April 2020 to 31 December 2020. This research mainly adopts the Chi-square [...] Read more.
There is a significant difference between the number of male and female Chinese publishing practitioners. To investigate the gender gap among Chinese publishing practitioners, we surveyed 3372 valid questionnaires from 30 April 2020 to 31 December 2020. This research mainly adopts the Chi-square and T-test to analyze the gender gap in publishing practitioners’ career choices, career plans, career developments, etc. The results show that although females occupy nearly 70% of the samples in the data, males perform more competitively in multiple indicators such as salary and career development. There is also a significant gender gap in terms of career plans and career perception. However, our research shows that the gender gap is not obvious in terms of workload and willingness to change jobs. This study provides a factual basis and data support for the current gender situation, and discusses the reasons for the gender gap in the Chinese publishing industry, to provide references for the Chinese publishing industry to build a healthy gender structure. Full article
17 pages, 3183 KiB  
Article
Emerging Scholars in Academia: An Analysis of the Impact of IAPSS Politikon in the Academic Careers of Its Authors
by Ana Magdalena Figueroa, Nzube Chukwuma and Lumanyano Ngcayisa
Publications 2023, 11(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010012 - 28 Feb 2023
Viewed by 1457
Abstract
This paper analyzes students, recent graduates, and emerging scholars’ involvement in academic publishing, specifically by studying the impact of their publications in Politikon, the International Association for Political Science Students’ Journal, and their academic careers. The results of a standardized self-administered survey [...] Read more.
This paper analyzes students, recent graduates, and emerging scholars’ involvement in academic publishing, specifically by studying the impact of their publications in Politikon, the International Association for Political Science Students’ Journal, and their academic careers. The results of a standardized self-administered survey serve to assess authors’ motivations and impact of publish ing with IAPSS Politikon. The data show that publishing with Politikon has helped emerging researchers get more experience concerning the publication process and has improved their research, writing, and analyzing skills. Additionally, an essential part of them said they increased their educational background or obtained a new higher position after publishing with Politikon. In fact, 50 per cent of these scholars said they were promoted after publishing with the journal. Furthermore, Politikon, establishes a platform for Global South scholarship to be at the forefront of Political Science/International Relations debates and knowledge production. This implies the importance of Politikon in the early career of scholars by giving them the right tools to develop professionally and by reaching scholars from all around the world, especially from the Global South in an effort to contribute to global international relations and global governance reform. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Open Access and Equity, Justice, and Diversity)
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19 pages, 2667 KiB  
Article
Spanish Journal of Finance and Accounting (SJFA): Mapping of Knowledge over the Last 25 Years
by José Álvarez-García, Amador Durán-Sánchez, Néstor Montalván-Burbano and María de la Cruz del Río-Rama
Publications 2023, 11(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010011 - 27 Feb 2023
Viewed by 2340
Abstract
The Spanish Journal of Finance and Accounting (SJFA) is a leading international journal in the field of accounting and finance, which was founded in 1972 with the aim of serving as a platform for dissemination at the service of academics, researchers and accounting [...] Read more.
The Spanish Journal of Finance and Accounting (SJFA) is a leading international journal in the field of accounting and finance, which was founded in 1972 with the aim of serving as a platform for dissemination at the service of academics, researchers and accounting and business professionals. The aim of this research is to examine the development of the SJFA journal from its creation to the present day, with the purpose of identifying the journal’s trend through published articles, authors, the most productive institutions and countries, and research topics, as well as citation patterns (most cited papers and typology of citing articles). The methodology used is bibliometric analysis and the data on which the bibliometric indicators are applied are taken from the Scopus database. This study also develops a graphical mapping of the bibliometric material by using the visualisation of similarities software. These graphs represent keyword co-occurrence, citation and co-citation analysis, and Journal Co-citation Analysis. The results show a significant growth of the journal over time, both in terms of the number and diversity of documents published and citations received, which has contributed to the positive evolution in terms of its impact and visibility. It is noteworthy that the journal is becoming more geographically diverse. The main topics covered in the journal are accounting and auditing management, and performance management. Papers dealing with topics related to management accounting, auditing, and management control, together with earnings management, accounting history and accounting regulation, stand out in terms of number of papers. Both topics are mediated by the subject of corporate governance. Full article
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14 pages, 4171 KiB  
Article
Exploratory Bibliometrics: Using VOSviewer as a Preliminary Research Tool
by Andrew Kirby
Publications 2023, 11(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010010 - 20 Feb 2023
Cited by 34 | Viewed by 8993
Abstract
This paper explores ways in which open access bibliometric software can be used to undertake exploratory research and to generate new avenues of inquiry. It takes as its focus VOSviewer, a freely available software package used to construct and display bibliometric relationships between [...] Read more.
This paper explores ways in which open access bibliometric software can be used to undertake exploratory research and to generate new avenues of inquiry. It takes as its focus VOSviewer, a freely available software package used to construct and display bibliometric relationships between a variety of variables. Beginning with published examples, the paper proceeds to create an original case study using bibliometrics to explore the extent to which the field of remote sensing is contributing to the implementation of sustainable development goals. This example uses Scopus data and VOSviewer to examine and contrast co-occurrence data among publications in six journals, and it demonstrates how such software can be successfully used to undertake preliminary studies and to shape subsequent research which employs more formal approaches. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Looking Forwards and Backwards: 10 Years of Publications)
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23 pages, 310 KiB  
Article
Characteristics of European Universities That Participate in Library Crowdfunding Initiatives for Open Access Monographs
by Mirela Roncevic
Publications 2023, 11(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010009 - 17 Feb 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2052
Abstract
The aim of the study was to identify the traits of 100 European universities across 26 countries that did or did not support one particular library crowdfunding initiative for open access (OA) monographs over the past few years. By relying on the rankings [...] Read more.
The aim of the study was to identify the traits of 100 European universities across 26 countries that did or did not support one particular library crowdfunding initiative for open access (OA) monographs over the past few years. By relying on the rankings of four sources, including THE, ARWU, QS, and Leiden, the study identifies some of the traits of the universities that have shown strong interest in the model by already taking part in an established library crowdfunding initiative, as well as those that may play a vital role in its sustainability. The study’s results show that the institutions that are likely to participate in library crowdfunding initiatives for OA monographs may be defined as highly ranked and produce research in quantity, quantity, relevance, and timeliness. The study’s key revelation is the high academic standing of the institutions that rarely participate in one crowdfunding initiative. These institutions may not be as “international” in their outlooks, but they stand out for their high-quality and significant research output. As such, they may accelerate the model’s adoption with more consistent participation in library crowdfunding. Full article
10 pages, 979 KiB  
Article
Citation Accuracy: A Case Study on Definition of the Grey Water Footprint
by Libor Ansorge and Lada Stejskalová
Publications 2023, 11(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010008 - 16 Feb 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1675
Abstract
Citing sources is an important part of any research paper. A number of studies in the past have dealt with discrepancies or errors in citations. The citation errors range from several percent to tens of percent. Although in most cases, these are minor [...] Read more.
Citing sources is an important part of any research paper. A number of studies in the past have dealt with discrepancies or errors in citations. The citation errors range from several percent to tens of percent. Although in most cases, these are minor formal inconsistencies that do not prevent tracing the source used, there are cases where the citations are incorrect or refer to non-existent articles. In this study, an analysis of the citation of the grey water footprint definition was conducted. The water footprint concept was introduced in 2002 as a methodology for the description of quantity aspects linked to water use in the life cycle. The grey water footprint, which represents the quality aspects of water use, was added to the water footprint concept later on. In this study, almost 300 articles that provide a definition of the grey water footprint and are indexed in the Scopus database were reviewed. More than two-thirds of the articles added the definition by citing the source. Only 3.5% of the citing articles contained an incorrect citation that could be considered a significant error. Although this is a low number, these significant errors have been appearing only in recent years. This suggests the possibility that the percentage of errors could gradually increase as the use of grey water footprint expands in practice. In the first period (up to 2017), only the grey water footprint originators are cited. From 2017 onwards, papers not written by the originators of the grey water footprint idea are also cited. Full article
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7 pages, 219 KiB  
Viewpoint
The Issues with Journal Issues: Let Journals Be Digital Libraries
by C. Sean Burns
Publications 2023, 11(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010007 - 09 Feb 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1813
Abstract
Science depends on a communication system, and today, that is largely provided by digital technologies such as the internet and web. Despite the fact that digital technologies provide the infrastructure for this communication system, peer-reviewed journals continue to mimic workflows and processes from [...] Read more.
Science depends on a communication system, and today, that is largely provided by digital technologies such as the internet and web. Despite the fact that digital technologies provide the infrastructure for this communication system, peer-reviewed journals continue to mimic workflows and processes from the print era. This paper focuses on one artifact from the print era, the journal issue, and describes how this artifact has been detrimental to the communication of science, and therefore, to science itself. To replace the journal issue, this paper argues that scholarly publishing and journals could more fully embrace digital technologies by creating digital libraries to present and organize scholarly output. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Looking Forwards and Backwards: 10 Years of Publications)
9 pages, 23974 KiB  
Article
Sustainability 3.0 in Libraries: A Challenge for Management
by Alice Keller
Publications 2023, 11(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010006 - 03 Feb 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 3414
Abstract
This article discusses three questions: “How can libraries make an effective contribution to resolving the sustainability challenges we are collectively facing?”; “When are libraries truly sustainable?”; and “How can library management support this shift?”. Looking across libraries and their history over the last [...] Read more.
This article discusses three questions: “How can libraries make an effective contribution to resolving the sustainability challenges we are collectively facing?”; “When are libraries truly sustainable?”; and “How can library management support this shift?”. Looking across libraries and their history over the last few decades, the author discerns different stages of development leading to sustainability. In line with the work of Dyllick and Muff the author describes Sustainability Levels 0.0 to 3.0. The highest level requires a quantum leap and shifts from thinking inside out to thinking outside in. This article addresses the need that there is virtually no academic management literature on the topic of sustainability in libraries. It shows that whilst there are many examples of individual projects or activities, there is a serious lack of methodology at the senior management level. Full article
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16 pages, 1394 KiB  
Article
Evaluating Research Impact Based on Semantic Scholar Highly Influential Citations, Total Citations, and Altmetric Attention Scores: The Quest for Refined Measures Remains Illusive
by Latefa Ali Dardas, Malik Sallam, Amanda Woodward, Nadia Sweis, Narjes Sweis and Faleh A. Sawair
Publications 2023, 11(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010005 - 29 Jan 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 3347
Abstract
Background: The evaluation of scholarly articles’ impact has been heavily based on the citation metrics despite the limitations of this approach. Therefore, the quest for meticulous and refined measures to evaluate publications’ impact is warranted. Semantic Scholar (SS) is an artificial intelligence-based [...] Read more.
Background: The evaluation of scholarly articles’ impact has been heavily based on the citation metrics despite the limitations of this approach. Therefore, the quest for meticulous and refined measures to evaluate publications’ impact is warranted. Semantic Scholar (SS) is an artificial intelligence-based database that allegedly identifies influential citations defined as “Highly Influential Citations” (HICs). Citations are considered highly influential according to SS when the cited publication has a significant impact on the citing publication (i.e., the citer uses or extends the cited work). Altmetrics are measures of online attention to research mined from activity in online tools and environments. Aims: The current study aimed to explore whether SS HICs provide an added value when it comes to measuring research impact compared to total citation counts and Altmetric Attention Score (AAS). Methods: Dimensions was used to generate the dataset for this study, which included COVID-19-related scholarly articles published by researchers affiliated to Jordanian institutions. Altmetric Explorer was selected as an altmetrics harvesting tool, while Semantic Scholar was used to extract details related to HICs. A total of 618 publications comprised the final dataset. Results: Only 4.57% (413/9029) of the total SS citations compiled in this study were classified as SS HICs. Based on SS categories of citations intent, 2626 were background citations (29.08%, providing historical context, justification of importance, and/or additional information related to the cited paper), 358 were result citations (3.97%, that extend on findings from research that was previously conducted), and 263 were method citations (2.91%, that use the previously established procedures or experiments to determine whether the results are consistent with findings in related studies). No correlation was found between HICs and AAS (r = 0.094). Manual inspection of the results revealed substantial contradictions, flaws, and inconsistencies in the SS HICs tool. Conclusions: The use of SS HICs in gauging research impact is significantly limited due to the enigmatic method of its calculation and total dependence on artificial intelligence. Along with the already documented drawbacks of total citation counts and AASs, continuous evaluation of the existing tools and the conception of novel approaches are highly recommended to improve the reliability of publication impact assessment. Full article
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12 pages, 1994 KiB  
Article
Leveraging Open Tools to Realize the Potential of Self-Archiving: A Cohort Study in Clinical Trials
by Delwen L. Franzen
Publications 2023, 11(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010004 - 20 Jan 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2174
Abstract
While open access (OA) is growing, many publications remain behind a paywall. This limits the impact of research and entrenches global inequalities by restricting access to knowledge to those that can afford it. Many journal policies allow researchers to make a version of [...] Read more.
While open access (OA) is growing, many publications remain behind a paywall. This limits the impact of research and entrenches global inequalities by restricting access to knowledge to those that can afford it. Many journal policies allow researchers to make a version of their publication openly accessible through self-archiving in a repository, sometimes after an embargo period (green OA). Unpaywall and Shareyourpaper are open tools that help users find OA articles and support authors to legally self-archive their papers, respectively. This study leveraged these tools to assess the potential of green OA to increase discoverability in a cohort of clinical trial results publications from German university medical centers. Of the 1897 publications in this cohort, 46% (n = 871/1897, 95% confidence interval (CI) 44% to 48%) were neither openly accessible via a journal or a repository. Of these, 85% (n = 736/871, 95% CI 82% to 87%) had a permission to self-archive the accepted or published version in an institutional repository. Thus, most of the closed-access clinical trial results in this cohort could be made openly accessible in a repository, in line with World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. In addition to providing further evidence of the unrealized potential of green OA, this study demonstrates the use of open tools to obtain actionable information on self-archiving at scale and empowers efforts to increase science discoverability. Full article
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2 pages, 168 KiB  
Editorial
Acknowledgment to the Reviewers of Publications in 2022
by Publications Editorial Office
Publications 2023, 11(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010003 - 16 Jan 2023
Viewed by 1193
Abstract
High-quality academic publishing is built on rigorous peer review [...] Full article
16 pages, 604 KiB  
Article
The Science of Literature Reviews: Searching, Identifying, Selecting, and Synthesising
by Uchendu Eugene Chigbu, Sulaiman Olusegun Atiku and Cherley C. Du Plessis
Publications 2023, 11(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010002 - 06 Jan 2023
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 23005
Abstract
The ability to conduct an explicit and robust literature review by students, scholars or scientists is critical in producing excellent journal articles, academic theses, academic dissertations or working papers. A literature review is an evaluation of existing research works on a specific academic [...] Read more.
The ability to conduct an explicit and robust literature review by students, scholars or scientists is critical in producing excellent journal articles, academic theses, academic dissertations or working papers. A literature review is an evaluation of existing research works on a specific academic topic, theme or subject to identify gaps and propose future research agenda. Many postgraduate students in higher education institutions lack the necessary skills and understanding to conduct in-depth literature reviews. This may lead to the presentation of incorrect, false or biased inferences in their theses or dissertations. This study offers scientific knowledge on how literature reviews in different fields of study could be conducted to mitigate against biased inferences such as unscientific analogies and baseless recommendations. The literature review is presented as a process that involves several activities including searching, identifying, reading, summarising, compiling, analysing, interpreting and referencing. We hope this article serves as reference material to improve the academic rigour in the literature review chapters of postgraduate students’ theses or dissertations. This article prompts established scholars to explore more innovative ways through which scientific literature reviews can be conducted to identify gaps (empirical, knowledge, theoretical, methodological, application and population gap) and propose a future research agenda. Full article
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10 pages, 1491 KiB  
Article
Automatic XML Extraction from Word and Formatting of E-Book Formats: Insight into the Open Source Academic Publishing Suite (OS-APS)
by Carsten Borchert, Roberto Cozatl, Frederik Eichler, Astrid Hoffmann and Markus Putnings
Publications 2023, 11(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010001 - 29 Dec 2022
Viewed by 2529
Abstract
Due to resource constraints, most Diamond Open Access journals publish fewer than 25 articles per year, and 75% of journals are not able to provide their content in XML and HTML, primarily providing only PDFs. In order to keep up with larger commercial [...] Read more.
Due to resource constraints, most Diamond Open Access journals publish fewer than 25 articles per year, and 75% of journals are not able to provide their content in XML and HTML, primarily providing only PDFs. In order to keep up with larger commercial publishers, a high degree of automation and streamlining of processes is necessary. The Open Source Academic Publishing Suite (OS-APS) project, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, aims to achieve this. OS-APS automatically extracts the underlying XML from Word manuscripts and offers optimization and export options in various formats (PDF, HTML, EPUB). The professional corporate design, e.g., of the PDFs, is managed automatically using templates or creating one’s own using a Template Development Kit. OS-APS will also connect to scholarly-led and community-driven publishing platforms such as Open Journal Systems (OJS), Open Monograph Press (OMP), and DSpace: the software will be able to be integrated into a wide range of publication processes, whether at small, low-resource commercial Open Access Publishers, or institutional and Diamond Open Access Publishers. Full article
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