Sustainability 3.0 in Libraries: A Challenge for Management
- “Concerns” (what?) are dimensions that companies consider and address in order to achieve sustainability. These include economic, environmental and social issues according to the three pillars model of sustainability. These concerns apply equal-ly to companies and libraries; therefore, this first column can be taken over for our purpose without any further changes.
- “Values created” (what for?) refer to the values that companies create or maintain, and which target groups or sections of society they address. As libraries serve different purposes and customer groups, the content of this column needs to be significantly redefined for the library context. This is explained and shown further below.
- The third column addresses the “organizational perspective” (how?) that compa-nies take. This refers to how companies perceive risks and opportunities, and to what extent sustainability is embedded throughout the organisation. Dyllick and Muff summarise this perspective as thinking or acting inside out or outside in. Even though such a perspective can be used for a library setting, further interpre-tation will be necessary, as shown further below.
3. The Four Stages of Sustainability in Libraries
3.1. Sustainability 0.0: Increasing Efficiency through Centralisation and Standardisation
3.2. Sustainability 1.0: Strengthening Customer Orientation
3.3. Sustainability 2.0: Sustainability Targets as an Element of Library Strategy
3.4. Sustainability 3.0: The Library Turns Its Perspective to Look from the Outside In
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
For example, the IFLA Green Library Checklist, “Sustainable buildings, equipment, and management “ https://www.ifla.org/the-green-library-checklists-project/ (accessed on 6 December 2022).
SDG 4 https://sdgs.un.org/goals/goal4 (accessed on 6 December 2022).
FAIR-Principles: Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Re-usable.
The library is part of the Research and Infrastructure Support (RISE) Team at the University of Basel. RISE sup-ports researchers in the humanities and social sciences in the conception of computer-based research, the creation, analysis and user-oriented presentation of digital data, as well as in sustainable and open methods of data dissemi-nation. See https://rise.unibas.ch/en/ (accessed on 6 December 2022).
https://researchdata.unibas.ch/en/ (accessed on 6 December 2022).
The goal of Sci-Hub is to provide free and unrestricted access to all scientific knowledge. https://sci-hub.se/about (accessed on 6 December 2022).
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|Business Sustainability Typology (BST)||Concerns|
|Business-as-usual (Business Sustainability 0.0)||Economic concerns||Shareholder value||Inside–out|
|Business Sustainability 1.0||Three-dimensional concerns||Refined shareholder value||Inside–out|
|Business Sustainability 2.0||Three-dimensional concerns||Triple bottom line||Inside–out|
|Business Sustainability 3.0||Starting sustainability challenges||Creating value for the common good||Outside–in|
|The key shifts involved:||1st shift: broadening the business concern||2nd shift: expanding the value created||3rd shift: changing the perspective|
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Keller, A. Sustainability 3.0 in Libraries: A Challenge for Management. Publications 2023, 11, 6. https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010006
Keller A. Sustainability 3.0 in Libraries: A Challenge for Management. Publications. 2023; 11(1):6. https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010006Chicago/Turabian Style
Keller, Alice. 2023. "Sustainability 3.0 in Libraries: A Challenge for Management" Publications 11, no. 1: 6. https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010006