Special Issue "Restoration of Broken Symmetries in the Nuclear Many-Body Problem"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2023 | Viewed by 334
Interests: nuclear physics; theoretical nuclear physics
Mean-field models have played a pivotal role in elucidating the fascinating properties of the nuclear many-body system. The most straightforward mechanism known to incorporate correlations in a quantal many-body system is employing a mean-field or a product wavefunction that spontaneously breaks the symmetries obeyed by the Hamiltonian of the system. These broken symmetries include rotational, isospin, reflection, and gauge symmetry associated with the particle number. The restoration of the symmetries is essential for evaluating observable quantities, which can then be compared with the experimental data. The experimental data are now becoming available at the extremes of isospin and angular momentum, with the availability of radioactive beam facilities and the development of state-of-the-art detection systems. Fluctuations play a crucial role in these extreme situations, and beyond mean-field description, using symmetry restored methods becomes imperative. Although symmetry projection methods have been well known for over fifty years, application of these methods to realistic Hamiltonians and model spaces poses several challenges. The primary objective of the present Special Edition is to deliberate on these impediments with all technical details and to provide a possible roadmap for the resolution of these problems. This Special Edition will also invite proposals on the application of symmetry restoration methods to unbound systems where the coupling between discrete and continuum spaces becomes essential.
Prof. Dr. Javid Sheikh
Prof. Dr. Peter Ring
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Symmetry is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- mean-field models
- spontaneous symmetry breaking
- symmetry restoration methods
- rotational, isospin, and gauge symmetries
- unbound systems
- projection methods in the continuum
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Isospin symmetry breaking in atomic nuclei
Authors: J. A. Sheikh; R. N. Ali; Praveen Chandra Srivastava
Affiliation: 1. Department of Physics, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar, 190 006, India; 2. Department of Physics, Central University of Kashmir, Tulmulla, Ganderbal, 191131, India 3. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, India
Abstract: The importance of the isospin symmetry breaking in elucidating the properties of atomic nuclei is reviewed. The experimental data on isobaric analogue states cannot be described only with the Coulomb interaction and isospin breaking terms in the nucleon-nucleon interaction are needed to discern the observed properties. In the present work, isospin symmetry breaking terms are explicitly considered in nuclear energy density functional and spherical shell model approaches, and a detailed investigation of the analogue states and other isospin sensitive modes of nuclei is performed. Furthermore, isospin mixing of the nuclear states is studied with the explicit projection of the isospin quantum number.
Title: Symmetry restoration in an arbitrary spatial domain
Authors: L. M. Robledo
Affiliation: Departamento de Fısica Teorica and CIAFF, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Aut ́onoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain
Abstract: Symmetry restoration has traditionally dealt with whole systems living in three dimensional space. However, in the theoretical description of fission the initial whole system scissions into two or more fragments that are well defined in a given spatial domain. The wave function of the fragments should also include the appropriate quantum numbers in their description and therefore symmetry restoration has to be extended to this case. Disentangling fragment's wave functions is not possible in general and therefore one has to act on the total wave function but restricting the symmetry restoration procedure to a given spatial domain encompassing the fragment. The implementation of the new constraint requires different techniques than the traditional ones and also leads to some difficulties associated to dealing with a non-complete Hilbert space. How to generalize the symmetry restoration methods to incomplete Hilbert spaces shall be the main theme of the present work?