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Hydrosystems Engineering and Water Resource Management

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Water Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 24 September 2024 | Viewed by 12763

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Civil Engineering, School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering, College of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
Interests: sustainable drainage systems (SuDSs); green infrastructure (permeable pavements; engineered wetlands) combined with ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs) and water-sourced heat pumps (WSHPs); urban water engineering; transport phenomena of emerging contaminants (microplastics) and microbiological pollutants in urban drainage systems; water distribution networks and water demand modelling; 3D printing of critical infrastructure within water and wastewater industries
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Interests: water resource engineering; hydraulics; physical hydraulic model studies; hydroinformatics and climate change
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Institute of Advanced Research (IAR), Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Interests: water and wastewater engineering; water–waste-energy nexus; transportation and transformation processes in the environment; biological process engineering of wastewater and solid wates; modelling of environmental engineering systems

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Guest Editor
Department of Civil Engineering; Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Guwahti, India
Interests: sediment transport and river hydraulics; mixing and computational fluid dynamics; turbulent flow and pump–pipeline surge analysis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Hydrosystems engineering and water resource management are core disciplines that play a vital role in ensuring the sustainable use and management of our water resources. Hydrosystems engineering encompasses an interdisciplinary approach of water engineering, hydrology, and water resource management, working together and identifying strategies for effectively managing water resources. This Special Issue has a specific focus on developing and implementing engineering strategies and policies that help to effectively manage and utilise water resources, while also taking into account the potential environmental, economic, and societal impacts associated with these actions.

This Special Issue on hydrosystems engineering and water resource management covers a wide range of topics related to water supply management; flood risk assessment and mitigation; water quality management; ground water and aquifer management; sustainable water resources; river basin management; hydraulic infrastructure; and climate change impact assessments. One of the key topics covered in this Special Issue is water resource management. As the demand for water increases, it has become increasingly important to develop effective strategies for managing water resources in order to meet the growing demand. These strategies generally involve a combination of water conservation measures, such as reducing water use in households and businesses, and optimising water and wastewater infrastructure, such as via water loss prevention; the use of advanced water/wastewater treatment technologies; and efficient storage and retention facilities. Another key topic covered in this Special Issue is flood risk assessment and mitigation. Natural disasters, such as floods, can have devastating impacts on communities, particularly in urban areas. To mitigate these risks, hydrosystems engineering and water resource management are critical in developing flood risk maps; building flood protection infrastructure; hydraulic infrastructure protection; and identifying sustainable strategies for managing flood risks. Water resource management is another important topic covered in this Special Issue. With increasing levels of pollution in our waterways, it has become critical to develop systems and policies that help to maintain the quality of our water resources. Among other things, these systems may involve advanced treatment technologies, such as membrane filtration and reverse osmosis, or policies that limit the amount of pollution that can be discharged into waterways. Groundwater and aquifer management is another significant topic that is covered in this Special Issue. Aquifers are underground reservoirs that are critical for storing and distributing water. Managing these resources effectively involves understanding the hydrology of the aquifer, as well as the potential impacts of human activities, such as groundwater pumping. River basin management is another important topic covered in this Special Issue. River basins include complex systems that involve a variety of different factors, including hydrology; ecology; and socioeconomic factors. Effective river basin management involves analysing these complex systems and developing strategies that balance competing demands for water resources, while also taking into account the needs of local communities and ecosystems. This Special Issue (Hydrosystems Engineering and Water Resource Management) also covers the impact of climate change on water resource management. As the climate continues to change at an unprecedented rate, it is becoming increasingly important to develop strategies for managing and adapting to these changes. These strategies may involve developing a new water supply infrastructure that is better suited to changing climatic conditions or developing policies that encourage a more sustainable use of water resources.

Overall, the Special Issue on hydrosystems engineering and water resource management covers a wide range of important topics related to the sustainable use and management of our water resources. By bringing together research from leading experts in these fields, the journal provides important insights and guidance for policymakers, engineers, and other stakeholders involved in water resource management.

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Urban environments and water interactions;
  • Hydrosystems engineering reliability assessment and risk analysis;
  • Engineering hydrology and climate change;
  • Groundwater and aquifer management;
  • Water and wastewater treatment;
  • Water use management;
  • River basin management;
  • Flood risk assessment, modelling, and engineering;
  • Sustainable drainage systems (SuDSs);
  • Water resource management;
  • Water data analytics; big-data- and artificial-intelligence-driven hydro-models;
  • Water system analysis and environmental policy research.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Kiran Tota-Maharaj
Prof. Dr. Hazi Azamathulla
Prof. Dr. Rao Bhamidimarri
Prof. Dr. Bimlesh Kumar
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • water resources
  • water data analytics
  • hydrosystems
  • engineering
  • hydrology
  • floods and river catchment systems
  • sustainable drainage systems (SuDSs)
  • hydraulic infrastructure
  • groundwater
  • modelling

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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16 pages, 3763 KiB  
Article
Flow Turbulence and Pressure Fluctuations in a Hydraulic Jump
by Hyung Suk Kim, Seohye Choi, Moonhyeong Park and Yonguk Ryu
Sustainability 2023, 15(19), 14246; https://doi.org/10.3390/su151914246 - 26 Sep 2023
Viewed by 840
Abstract
Turbulence and pressure fluctuations are key elements in the bed protection design of hydraulic structures. However, their roles in a hydraulic jump are not yet fully understood, and the nature of their relationships are not conclusive. In order to better understand the relationships [...] Read more.
Turbulence and pressure fluctuations are key elements in the bed protection design of hydraulic structures. However, their roles in a hydraulic jump are not yet fully understood, and the nature of their relationships are not conclusive. In order to better understand the relationships between pressure fluctuations and flow characteristics of a hydraulic jump downstream of a weir, detailed measurements of flow kinematics using the nonintrusive techniques of particle image velocimetry and bubble image velocimetry and pressure using voltage-type pressure gauges were carried out in this study. The physical modeling of the hydraulic jump was carried out using the simultaneous measurements of pressure and turbulent flow properties. The distributions of flow properties, such as water level and velocity, were assessed in each case. Based on the measurements, the correlations between the pressure fluctuations and the variables were investigated by coupling the statistical values of the variables at the same points. The analysis results show that the water level and turbulence intensity are the main factors influencing the pressure fluctuations in the hydraulic jump. Using these factors, an empirical formula and dimensionless numbers are proposed to show that the pressure fluctuations depend on the bubble flow behavior. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrosystems Engineering and Water Resource Management)
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15 pages, 3009 KiB  
Article
A Simplified Equation for Calculating the Water Quality Index (WQI), Kalu River, Sri Lanka
by Kushan D. Siriwardhana, Dimantha I. Jayaneththi, Ruchiru D. Herath, Randika K. Makumbura, Hemantha Jayasinghe, Miyuru B. Gunathilake, Hazi Md. Azamathulla, Kiran Tota-Maharaj and Upaka Rathnayake
Sustainability 2023, 15(15), 12012; https://doi.org/10.3390/su151512012 - 04 Aug 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 3898
Abstract
The water supply system plays a major role in the community. The water source is carefully selected based on quality, quantity, and reliability. The quality of water at its sources is continuously deteriorating due to various anthropogenic activities and is a major concern [...] Read more.
The water supply system plays a major role in the community. The water source is carefully selected based on quality, quantity, and reliability. The quality of water at its sources is continuously deteriorating due to various anthropogenic activities and is a major concern to public health as well. The Kalu River is one of the major water resources in Sri Lanka that supplies potable water to the Kalutara district (a highly populated area) and Rathnapura district. But, there has been no significant research or investigation to examine anthropogenic activities in the river. Due to this, it is difficult to find any proper study related to the overall water quality in the Kalu River. Therefore, this study covers a crucial part related to the water quality of the Kalu River. The spatiotemporal variation of river water quality is highly important not only to processing any treatment activities but also to implementing policy decisions. In this context, water quality management is a global concern as countries strive to meet the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6, which aims to ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Poor water quality can have severe consequences on human health, ecosystems, and economies. Contaminated water sources pose risks of waterborne diseases, reduced agricultural productivity, and ecological imbalances. Hence, assessing and improving water quality is crucial for achieving sustainable development worldwide. Therefore, this paper presents a comprehensive analysis of spatiotemporal analysis of the water quality of the Kalu River using the water quality data of eight locations for 6 years from 2017 to 2023. Nine water quality parameters, including the pH, electrical conductivity, temperature, chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, total nitrate, total phosphate, total sulfate, total chlorine, and hardness, were used to develop a simple equation to investigate the water quality index (WQI) of the river. Higher WQI values were not recorded near the famous Kalutara Bridge throughout the years, even though the area is highly urbanized and toured due to religious importance. Overall, the water quality of the river can be considered acceptable based on the results of the WQI. The country lockdowns due to COVID-19 might have impacted the results in 2020; this can be clearly seen with the variation of the annual WQI average, as it clearly indicates decreased levels of the WQI in the years 2020 and 2021, and again, the rise of the WQI level in 2022, as this time period corresponds to the lockdown season and relaxation of the lockdown season in the country. Somehow, for most cases in the Kalu River, the WQI level is well below 25, which can be considered acceptable and suitable for human purposes. But, it may need some attention towards the areas to find possible reasons that are not in the range. Nevertheless, the results suggest the importance of continuous water quality monitoring in the Kalu River. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrosystems Engineering and Water Resource Management)
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Review

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33 pages, 4159 KiB  
Review
The State of the Art in Deep Learning Applications, Challenges, and Future Prospects: A Comprehensive Review of Flood Forecasting and Management
by Vijendra Kumar, Hazi Md. Azamathulla, Kul Vaibhav Sharma, Darshan J. Mehta and Kiran Tota Maharaj
Sustainability 2023, 15(13), 10543; https://doi.org/10.3390/su151310543 - 04 Jul 2023
Cited by 26 | Viewed by 7457
Abstract
Floods are a devastating natural calamity that may seriously harm both infrastructure and people. Accurate flood forecasts and control are essential to lessen these effects and safeguard populations. By utilizing its capacity to handle massive amounts of data and provide accurate forecasts, deep [...] Read more.
Floods are a devastating natural calamity that may seriously harm both infrastructure and people. Accurate flood forecasts and control are essential to lessen these effects and safeguard populations. By utilizing its capacity to handle massive amounts of data and provide accurate forecasts, deep learning has emerged as a potent tool for improving flood prediction and control. The current state of deep learning applications in flood forecasting and management is thoroughly reviewed in this work. The review discusses a variety of subjects, such as the data sources utilized, the deep learning models used, and the assessment measures adopted to judge their efficacy. It assesses current approaches critically and points out their advantages and disadvantages. The article also examines challenges with data accessibility, the interpretability of deep learning models, and ethical considerations in flood prediction. The report also describes potential directions for deep-learning research to enhance flood predictions and control. Incorporating uncertainty estimates into forecasts, integrating many data sources, developing hybrid models that mix deep learning with other methodologies, and enhancing the interpretability of deep learning models are a few of these. These research goals can help deep learning models become more precise and effective, which will result in better flood control plans and forecasts. Overall, this review is a useful resource for academics and professionals working on the topic of flood forecasting and management. By reviewing the current state of the art, emphasizing difficulties, and outlining potential areas for future study, it lays a solid basis. Communities may better prepare for and lessen the destructive effects of floods by implementing cutting-edge deep learning algorithms, thereby protecting people and infrastructure. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrosystems Engineering and Water Resource Management)
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