Special Issue "Advances in Near-Earth Space and Atmospheric Physics from Ground-Based and Satellite Observations"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 29 March 2024 | Viewed by 450
Interests: atmospheric science; ionospheric physics; ionosonde; GNSS; space weather; atmospheric electricity
2. Deutsches GeoForschungs Zentrum (GFZ), Potsdam, Germany
Interests: gnss radio occultation; geomagnetic storm; physics of the upper atmosphere, climatological changes and trends coupling processes between troposphere/mesosphere/ionosphere
Within the near-Earth space and the atmosphere, all regions are closely interconnected, forming a multi-coupled complex system. Space weather events originating from the Sun, such as solar flares, energetic particle precipitations and effects of solar wind disturbances including Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections (ICMEs) or Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs), can cause significant changes in the Earth's environment. These variations manifest in different spheres/regions of the system (such as geomagnetic storms and ionospheric storms) that are summarized as geospheric storms. Furthermore, the lowest part of the terrestrial plasma—the ionosphere—is strongly coupled with the neutral atmosphere. Therefore, the ionosphere is also affected from below by the different types of atmospheric waves associated with phenomena of non-space origin and irregular character (e.g., severe tropospheric convection, thunderstorms, and tectonic activity).
The variability of the plasma environment range across broad spatial scales, from local or regional to inter-hemispherical or global changes. Their temporal variability is also diversified, from the 11-year solar cycle variations to rapid changes, which are still difficult to predict as well as measure in situ. The resulting intense variations in the terrestrial plasma affect communication and navigation systems, spacecraft operations, manned space missions, as well as commercial aircraft operations. Thus, monitoring the processes within the system via ground-based and satellite observations is rather crucial.
This Special Issue aims to collate research papers that contribute toward improving our understanding of the physical processes within the Earth’s plasma environment coupled with the atmosphere, utilizing the advantages of the ground-based and satellite observations.
Dr. Veronika Barta
Dr. Christina Arras
Dr. Jaroslav Urbar
Manuscript Submission Information
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- ground-based and satellite observations
- GNSS/Lidar/SAR/Microwave radiometer
- solar–terrestrial coupling processes
- troposphere–ionosphere coupling
- geospheric storms
- ionospheric physics
- space weather
- model comparison with observations