Biodegradable Composites: Synthesis and Application

A special issue of Polymers (ISSN 2073-4360). This special issue belongs to the section "Biomacromolecules, Biobased and Biodegradable Polymers".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 25 June 2024 | Viewed by 935

Special Issue Editor

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Guest Editor
Institute of Materials Science, Department of Materials Engineering, Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Interests: biodegradable materials; the development of biobased polymers; composites and biocomposites; the modification of natural polymers; natural plant compounds; natural biocidal compounds; natural fibers and their modification; physical and chemical modification of polymers; sterilization; biodegradation; environmental protection; corona discharges and plasma modification; polymers for packaging and pharmaceutical industries, biotechnology, and horticulture (mostly for manufacture of packaging for food, drugs, and medical instruments)
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The rapid development of specialized applications of polymeric materials in various areas of technology and other aspects of life poses greater qualitative requirements. The common use of these materials implies larger and larger loads of the natural environment, which is increasing because of the growing mass of used-up plastic waste.

Many scientific and industrial projects focus on the use of plant-based fillers to produce completely biodegradable composites, which offer a promising alternative to global plastic problems. However, biodegradable composites frequently display poor mechanical properties and restricted processing capabilities and end-use applications. In order to overcome these drawbacks and develop advanced materials for a broad range of applications, biocomposites can be reinforced with fillers or nanofillers.

Due to their low cost and low density, ease of separation, enhanced energy recovery, biodegradability, and increasing environmental awareness, the use of natural fibers in composites has become increasingly prevalent. They are durable, light-weight, and have mechanical properties better than those of traditional materials. Therefore,  in various industries (such as automotive, construction, packaging, pharmaceutical, biotechnology, or horticulture industries), demand for natural fiber has grown. 

This Special Issue aims to highlight the progress themes in the field of biodegradable composites, with mention of their manufacturing, properties, and potential applications. This Special Issue covers:

  • Biodegradable composites reinforced with natural fibers;
  • The interaction between fiber and the biodegradable matrix;
  • The impact of natural fiber on biodegradable materials;
  • Nanofiller biodegradable composites;
  • Biodegradable composite synthesis;
  • Biodegradable composite properties;
  • Biodegradable composite durability evaluation;
  • Main applications for biodegradable composites;
  • The modification of natural fibers and biodegradable composites.

Prof. Dr. Magdalena Stepczyńska
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Polymers is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • biocomposites
  • biodegradable composites
  • renewable resources
  • natural fibers
  • biodegradable matrix
  • polymers synthesized from natural sources

Published Papers (1 paper)

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19 pages, 5001 KiB  
Novel Biocomposite of Starch and Flax Fiber Modified with Tannic Acid with Biocidal Properties
by Magdalena Stepczyńska, Piotr Rytlewski, Krzysztof Moraczewski, Alona Pawłowska and Tomasz Karasiewicz
Polymers 2024, 16(8), 1108; - 16 Apr 2024
Viewed by 575
The purpose of this paper was to develop novel biocomposites with biocidal properties in microorganisms, with enhanced mechanical strength and hydrophobicity as well as with increased biodegradation rates. The main idea and the novelty of this work was to use cross-linking compounds and, [...] Read more.
The purpose of this paper was to develop novel biocomposites with biocidal properties in microorganisms, with enhanced mechanical strength and hydrophobicity as well as with increased biodegradation rates. The main idea and the novelty of this work was to use cross-linking compounds and, at the same time, biocidal compounds—natural compounds of plant origin with biocidal properties. The authors assumed that the modification of flax fiber by natural plant compound will reduce the hydrophilicity of novel biocompositie. Biopolymer based on thermoplastic starch reinforced with flax fibres modified with tannic acid (TA) was prepared by extrusion and injection molding processes. The effects of TA modification on the mechanical and structural properties of biocomposites were analyzed through DMA, tensile tests, DSC, and TG. The biocidal and wettability properties of the biocomposites were investigated. The article also discusses the outcomes of research conducted on the structural characteristics and rates of the biodegradation of biocomposites. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradable Composites: Synthesis and Application)
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