Special Issue "Microalgae Photobiology, Biotechnology, and Bioproduction"

A special issue of Plants (ISSN 2223-7747). This special issue belongs to the section "Plant Physiology and Metabolism".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2024 | Viewed by 178

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Michael Hippler
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany
Interests: microalgae; Proteomics; biotechnology; Mass Spectrometry
Dr. Shin-Ichiro Ozawa
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Plant Science and Resources, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
Interests: plant; photosynthesis; mass spectrometry; proteomics; structural biology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Photosynthetic microalgae are eukaryotic unicellular organisms that live in aquatic environments and use light energy to bind carbon dioxide (CO2) to produce biomass. Photosynthesis research on microalgal model systems whose genomes have also been sequenced, such as Chlamydomonas reinhardtii or Phaeodactylum tricornutum, has contributed significantly to our understanding of the basic principles of the photosynthetic process. The light-controlled production of microalgal biomass also holds the potential for the biotechnological use of photosynthetic microalgae for the production of biofuels and high-value raw materials. It is foreseeable that genetic engineering will further develop microalgae as biotechnological hosts for the expression of enzymes and products from natural plant substances as well as for the expression of therapeutic proteins.

In order to use microalgae for biotechnological purposes, the understanding and engineering of photosynthetic bottlenecks and the acclimatization of microalgae to the environment are important goals for the future. The understanding of how photosynthetic performance is maintained under adverse environmental conditions and of how light use efficiency versus stress acclimation responses are balanced are key for the further engineering of photosynthetic efficiency and biotechnological applications.
The purpose of this Special Issue is to discuss how microalgal research has provided insights into identifying photosynthetic bottlenecks with the potential to improve photosynthetic light-to-electron efficiency and thus photosynthetic effectiveness. In this context, aspects of light harvesting to drive photosynthetic charge separation and the dissipation of light to heat to protect the photosynthetic machinery will be addressed. Other topics include the generation, storage, and use of the proton motive force, as well as photosynthetic and alternative electron transfer processes. An additional topic is towards an understanding of how microalgae have evolved acclimation strategies to maintain photosynthetic performance under unfavorable environmental conditions. New structural insights into photosynthetic complexes are also addressed. How improvements in photosynthetic performance can be incorporated into biotechnological applications is another focus. Here, improvements in photosynthetic electron transfer to enhance H2 production and other feedstocks that require additional photosynthetic reducing power are addressed. Novel concepts for the design of photobioreactors and the engineering of microalgae growth, as well as new methods of genetic modification for biotechnological purposes, are also considered.

Prof. Dr. Michael Hippler
Dr. Shin-Ichiro Ozawa
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Plants is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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