Mineralogy, Petrology, Geochemistry and Diagenesis of Carbonate Minerals and Rocks
A special issue of Minerals (ISSN 2075-163X).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2018) | Viewed by 39013
Carbonate rocks are composed of seemly simple assemblages of minerals: Calcite and dolomite. Yet the precipitation and formation of calcite and dolomite are related to complicated processes and factors. Calcite can be subdivided into aragonite, high-Mg-calcite, and low-Mg calcite. The precipitation of marine aragonite (and high-Mg-calcite) vs. low-Mg calcite in the geological history are interpreted to be related to the atmospheric CO2 level and/or the Mg/Ca ratio in seawater. The processes of the precipitation of dolomite and the formation of dolostones are also controversial. Although numerous models of dolomitization have been proposed and discussed, the so called “dolomite problem” still remains.
The O–C–Sr isotopic systematics of marine calcite have also been used to study the secular variations of isotopic composition of seawater during geological history, which are linked to the interactions of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of Earth. In addition, carbonate rocks, whether they are composed of calcite or dolomite, are important reservoirs for hydrocarbon accumulation, as well as host rocks for mineral deposits, e.g., Mississippian Valley Type of Pd–Zn deposits.
This Special Issue is open to all original research on mineralogy, petrography, geochemistry, and diagenesis of carbonate minerals and rocks. Integrated research with multiple approaches that lead to new insights and a better understanding of calcite mineralogy, with respect to the diagenesis of limestones and processes of dolomitization, are especially welcome. We also look forward to manuscripts with applications of isotopic geochemistry of carbonate minerals to identify the nature of fluids and their driving mechanism. Studies that focus on the characterization and interpretation of carbonate reservoirs and host rocks for mineral deposit are also welcome.Prof. Dr. Hairuo Qing
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- carbonate mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry and diagenesis
- characterization of carbonate reservoirs