Advances in Polymeric Membranes for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)

A special issue of Membranes (ISSN 2077-0375). This special issue belongs to the section "Polymeric Membranes".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2024 | Viewed by 11039

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Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS, IMP UMR 5223, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
Interests: characterization of the transport properties of small molecules through polymer films; modeling of transfer phenomena in materials; establishment of relationships between structure, morphology and properties
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Due to the global menace caused by carbon emissions from environmental, anthropogenic, and industrial processes, it has become expedient to consider the use of systems, with high trapping potentials for these carbon-based compounds. Among the different strategies that can be deployed to mitigate greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is considered a key technology. CCS is the process of capturing and storing carbon dioxide (CO2) before it is released into the atmosphere. Several different technologies can be used and they fall into three categories: oxy-combustion systems, pre-combustion carbon capture and post-combustion carbon capture. Oxy-combustion capture has to do with capturing CO2 during combustion, i.e., while burning gas in the air. In pre-combustion capture, the gas is trapped from the parent mixture prior to undergoing combustion. Finally, in post-combustion capture, the gas is trapped from flue gas (a mixture of constituents such as nitrogen, water vapor, and oxygen), in a downstream unit retrofitted with a carbon capture system. For post-combustion capture, polymeric membranes have been considered one of the most promising technologies for mitigating CO2 emissions. However, there are still challenges on the applications of polymeric membranes for CO2 capture. 

So, the purpose of this Special Issue entitled “Advances in polymeric membranes for Carbon capture and storage (CCS)” is to present recent progress in polymeric membranes used to capture CO2. Topics include, but are not limited to new polymeric membrane developments, for example, polymeric asymmetric membranes, rubbery polymers, copolymers, polymer blends, facilitated transport membranes, and composite materials as mixed-matrix membranes (MMMs)….

Authors are invited to submit their latest results; both original papers and reviews are welcome.

We look forward to receiving your outstanding work in this Special Issue.

Dr. Fabrice Gouanvé
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Membranes is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

18 pages, 7856 KiB  
Article
The Influence of Polycation and Counter-Anion Nature on the Properties of Poly(ionic liquid)-Based Membranes for CO2 Separation
by Ksenia V. Otvagina, Alexey A. Maslov, Diana G. Fukina, Anton N. Petukhov, Yulia B. Malysheva, Andrey V. Vorotyntsev, Tatyana S. Sazanova, Artem A. Atlaskin, Alexander A. Kapinos, Alexandra V. Barysheva, Sergey S. Suvorov, Ivan D. Zanozin, Egor S. Dokin, Ilya V. Vorotyntsev and Olga V. Kazarina
Membranes 2023, 13(6), 539; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes13060539 - 23 May 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1548
Abstract
The current investigation is focused on the development of composite membranes based on polymeric ionic liquids (PILs) containing imidazolium and pyridinium polycations with various counterions, including hexafluorophosphate, tetrafluoroborate, and bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide. A combination of spectroscopic methods was used to identify the synthesized PILs and [...] Read more.
The current investigation is focused on the development of composite membranes based on polymeric ionic liquids (PILs) containing imidazolium and pyridinium polycations with various counterions, including hexafluorophosphate, tetrafluoroborate, and bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide. A combination of spectroscopic methods was used to identify the synthesized PILs and characterize their interaction with carbon dioxide. The density and surface free energy of polymers were performed by wettability measurements, and the results are in good agreement with the permeability and selectivity obtained within the gas transport tests. It was shown that the membranes with a selective layer based on PILs exhibit relatively high permeability with CO2 and high ideal selectivity CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2. Additionally, it was found that the type of an anion significantly affects the performance of the obtained membranes, with the most pronounced effect from bis-triflimide-based polymers, showing the highest permeability coefficient. These results provide valuable insights into the design and optimization of PIL-based membranes for natural and flue gas treatment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Polymeric Membranes for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS))
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17 pages, 4246 KiB  
Article
Tailoring the Micropore Structure of 6FDA-Based Network Polyimide Membranes for Advanced Gas Separation by Decarboxylation
by Yuxuan Zhao, Hongyan Wang, Xiangyun Liu, Xueping Zong, Jiangzhou Luo and Song Xue
Membranes 2023, 13(5), 461; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes13050461 - 24 Apr 2023
Viewed by 1042
Abstract
The 6FDA-based network PI has attracted significant attention for gas separation. A facile strategy to tailor the micropore structure within the network PI membrane prepared by the in situ crosslinking method is extremely significant for achieving an advanced gas separation performance. In this [...] Read more.
The 6FDA-based network PI has attracted significant attention for gas separation. A facile strategy to tailor the micropore structure within the network PI membrane prepared by the in situ crosslinking method is extremely significant for achieving an advanced gas separation performance. In this work, the 4,4′-diamino-2,2′-biphenyldicarboxylic acid (DCB) or 3,5-diaminobenzoic acid (DABA) comonomer was incorporated into the 6FDA-TAPA network polyimide (PI) precursor via copolymerization. The molar content and the type of carboxylic-functionalized diamine were varied in order to easily tune the resulting network PI precursor structure. Then, these network PIs containing carboxyl groups underwent further decarboxylation crosslinking during the following heat treatment. Properties involving thermal stabilities, solubility, d-spacing, microporosity, and mechanical properties were investigated. Due to the decarboxylation crosslinking, the d-spacing and the BET surface areas of the thermally treated membranes were increased. Moreover, the content of DCB (or DABA) played a key role in determining the overall gas separation performance of the thermally treated membranes. For instance, after the heating treatment at 450 °C, 6FDA-DCB:TAPA (3:2) showed a large increment of about ~532% for CO2 gas permeability (~266.6 Barrer) coupled with a decent CO2/N2 selectivity~23.6. This study demonstrates that incorporating the carboxyl-containing functional unit into the PI backbone to induce decarboxylation offers a practical approach with which to tailor the micropore structure and corresponding gas transport properties of 6FDA-based network PIs prepared by the in situ crosslinking method. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Polymeric Membranes for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS))
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13 pages, 2075 KiB  
Article
Membrane Cascade Type of «Continuous Membrane Column» for Power Plant Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Part 1: Simulation of the Binary Gas Mixture Separation
by Artem A. Atlaskin, Anton N. Petukhov, Anna N. Stepakova, Nikita S. Tsivkovsky, Sergey S. Kryuchkov, Kirill A. Smorodin, Irina S. Moiseenko, Maria E. Atlaskina, Sergey S. Suvorov, Ekaterina A. Stepanova and Ilya V. Vorotyntsev
Membranes 2023, 13(3), 270; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes13030270 - 24 Feb 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1547
Abstract
The present paper deals with the complex study of CO2 capture from combined heat power plant flue gases using the efficient technological design of a membrane cascade type of «Continuous Membrane Column» for binary gas mixture separation. In contrast to well-known multi-step [...] Read more.
The present paper deals with the complex study of CO2 capture from combined heat power plant flue gases using the efficient technological design of a membrane cascade type of «Continuous Membrane Column» for binary gas mixture separation. In contrast to well-known multi-step or multi-stage process designs, the cascade type of separation unit provides several advantages. Here, the separation process is implemented in it by creating two counter current flows. In one of them is depleted by the high-permeable component in a continuous mode, meanwhile the other one is enriched. Taking into account that the circulating flows rate overcomes the withdrawn one, there is a multiplicative increase in separation efficiency. A comprehensive study of CO2 capture using the membrane cascade type of «Continuous Membrane Column» includes the determination of the optimal membrane material characteristics, the sensitivity study of the process, and a feasibility evaluation. It was clearly demonstrated that the proposed process achieves efficient CO2 capture, which meets the modern requirements in terms of the CO2 content (≥95 mol.%), recovery rate (≥90%), and residual CO2 concentration (≤2 mol.%). Moreover, it was observed that it is possible to process CO2 with a purity of up to 99.8 mol.% at the same recovery rate. This enables the use of this specific process design in CO2 pretreatment operations for the production of high-purity carbon dioxide. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Polymeric Membranes for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS))
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15 pages, 2398 KiB  
Article
The Cation Effect on the Free Volume and the Solubility of H2S and CO2 in Ionic Liquids Based on Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate Anion
by Tatyana S. Sazanova, Alsu I. Akhmetshina, Anton N. Petukhov, Andrey V. Vorotyntsev, Sergey S. Suvorov, Alexandra V. Barysheva, Amal Mechergui, Alexander V. Nyuchev, Olga V. Kazarina, Anna N. Stepakova, Maria E. Atlaskina, Artem A. Atlaskin, Sergey S. Kryuchkov and Ilya V. Vorotyntsev
Membranes 2023, 13(2), 238; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes13020238 - 16 Feb 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1785
Abstract
Herein, we report for the first time a study dedicated to acidic gases’ solubility in ionic liquids with sterically hindered bulky anion, namely bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate ([doc]), experimentally evaluated at low pressures. The effect of cation change (imidazolium, pyridinium, and pyrrolidinium) on the thermophysical [...] Read more.
Herein, we report for the first time a study dedicated to acidic gases’ solubility in ionic liquids with sterically hindered bulky anion, namely bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate ([doc]), experimentally evaluated at low pressures. The effect of cation change (imidazolium, pyridinium, and pyrrolidinium) on the thermophysical properties and sorption capacities was also discussed. The densities and the activation energies of the tested ILs exhibited minor differences. Furthermore, the COSMO-RS model was used to predict the free volumes of ILs aiming to investigate its influence on gas solubilities. The conducted calculations have revealed an antibate correlation between the fractional free volume (FFV) and Henry’s law constant. In particular, the lowest FFV in 1-methylimidazolium [doc] corresponded to the minimal sorption and vice versa. In addition, it was shown that the presence of protic cation results in a significant reduction in CO2 and H2S solubilities. In general, the solubility measurement results of the synthesized ILs have shown their superiority compared to fluorinated ILs based on the physical absorption mechanism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Polymeric Membranes for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS))
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10 pages, 9065 KiB  
Communication
A 3D Printed Membrane Reactor System for Electrochemical CO2 Conversion
by Andreu Bonet Navarro, Adrianna Nogalska and Ricard Garcia-Valls
Membranes 2023, 13(1), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes13010090 - 10 Jan 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1665
Abstract
Nowadays, CO2 electroreduction is gaining special interest as achieving net zero CO2 emissions is not going to be enough to avoid or mitigate the negative effects of climate change. However, the cost of CO2 electroreduction is still very high because [...] Read more.
Nowadays, CO2 electroreduction is gaining special interest as achieving net zero CO2 emissions is not going to be enough to avoid or mitigate the negative effects of climate change. However, the cost of CO2 electroreduction is still very high because of the low efficiency of conversion (around 20%). Therefore, it is necessary to optimize the reaction conditions. Thus, a miniaturized novel membrane reactor was designed and manufactured in this study, with a shorter distance between the electrodes and a reduced volume, compared with CNC-manufactured reactors, using novel stereolithography-based 3D printing. The reduced distance between the two electrodes reduced the electrical resistance and therefore lowered the overpotential necessary to trigger the reaction from −1.6 V to −1.2 V, increasing the efficiency. In addition, the reduction in the volume of the reactor increased the catalyst area/volume ratio, which also boosted the concentration of the products (from FE 18% to FE 21%), allowing their better identification. Furthermore, the smaller volume and reduced complexity of the reactor also improved the testing capacity and decreased the cost of experimentation. The novel miniaturized reactor can help researchers to perform more experiments in a cost/time-effective way, facilitating the optimization of the reaction conditions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Polymeric Membranes for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS))
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18 pages, 2929 KiB  
Article
Interfacial Tailoring of Polyether Sulfone-Modified Silica Mixed Matrix Membranes for CO2 Separation
by Hafiz Abdul Mannan, Alamin Idris, Rizwan Nasir, Hilmi Mukhtar, Danial Qadir, Humbul Suleman and Abdul Basit
Membranes 2022, 12(11), 1129; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes12111129 - 11 Nov 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1699
Abstract
In this work, in situ polymerization of modified sol-gel silica in a polyether sulfone matrix is presented to control the interfacial defects in organic-inorganic composite membranes. Polyether sulfone polymer and modified silica are used as organic and inorganic components of mixed matrix membranes [...] Read more.
In this work, in situ polymerization of modified sol-gel silica in a polyether sulfone matrix is presented to control the interfacial defects in organic-inorganic composite membranes. Polyether sulfone polymer and modified silica are used as organic and inorganic components of mixed matrix membranes (MMM). The membranes were prepared with different loadings (2, 4, 6, and 8 wt.%) of modified and unmodified silica. The synthesized membranes were characterized using Field emission electron scanning microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analyzer, and differential scanning calorimetry. The performance of the membranes was evaluated using a permeation cell set up at a relatively higher-pressure range (5–30 bar). The membranes appear to display ideal morphology with uniform distribution of particles, defect-free structure, and absence of interfacial defects such as voids and particle accumulations. Additionally, the CO2/CH4 selectivity of the membrane increased with the increase in the modified silica content. Further comparison of the performance indicates that PES/modified silica MMMs show a promising feature of commercially attractive membranes. Therefore, tailoring the interfacial morphology of the membrane results in enhanced properties and improved CO2 separation performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Polymeric Membranes for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS))
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