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Latest Research on Photovoltaic Materials and Solar Cells

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2024 | Viewed by 3338

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Guest Editor
Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences, 30-059 Krakow, 25 Reymonta St., Poland
Interests: perovskite solar cells; nanotechnology; plasmonics; nanostructured materials; third-generation photovoltaics
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The topic of this Special Issue titled “Latest Research on Photovoltaic Materials and Solar Cells” is dedicated to the development of solar cells such as perovskite cells, perovskite/Si tandem cells, perovskite/CIGS tandem cells, dye-sensitized cells, inorganic CZTSe cells, quantum dots cells, organic solar cells and other promising new PV technologies. Despite great advancements, these technologies are not yet advanced enough to be used in mass production. Research on these types of cells is extremely intensive in many laboratories, bringing new achievements in efficiency and stability. In particular, perovskite solar cells and tandem perovskite cells are interesting due to their high efficiencies and simple technological process. These cells, despite great progress, still struggle with the problem of long-term stability as well as the presence of toxic lead in high-efficiency perovskite cells. The aim this Special Issue is to present original results from theoretical and experimental research in the field of emerging PV technologies. Review papers are also welcome.

Dr. Marek Lipiński
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • dye solar cells
  • perovskite solar cells
  • organic solar cells
  • quantum dots solar cells
  • third-generation solar cells
  • emerging PV technologies

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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17 pages, 1834 KiB  
Article
Synergistic Effect of Precursor and Interface Engineering Enables High Efficiencies in FAPbI3 Perovskite Solar Cells
by Sylvester Sahayaraj, Zbigniew Starowicz, Marcin Ziółek, Robert Socha, Łukasz Major, Anna Góral, Katarzyna Gawlińska-Nęcek, Marcin Palewicz, Andrzej Sikora, Tomasz Piasecki, Teodor Gotszalk and Marek Lipiński
Materials 2023, 16(15), 5352; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16155352 - 30 Jul 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1123
Abstract
Formamidinium lead iodide (FAPbI3)-based perovskite solar cells have gained immense popularity over the last few years within the perovskite research community due to their incredible opto-electronic properties and the record power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) achieved by the solar cells. However, FAPbI [...] Read more.
Formamidinium lead iodide (FAPbI3)-based perovskite solar cells have gained immense popularity over the last few years within the perovskite research community due to their incredible opto-electronic properties and the record power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) achieved by the solar cells. However, FAPbI3 is vulnerable to phase transitions even at room temperature, which cause structural instability and eventual device failure during operation. We performed post-treatment of the FAPbI3 surface with octyl ammonium iodide (OAI) in order to stabilize the active phase and preserve the crystal structure of FAPbI3. The formation of a 2D perovskite at the interface depends on the stoichiometry of the precursor. By optimizing the precursor stoichiometry and the concentration of OAI, we observe a synergistic effect, which results in improved power conversion efficiencies, reaching the best values of 22% on a glass substrate. Using physical and detailed optical analysis, we verify the presence of the 2D layer on the top of the 3D surface of the perovskite film. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Research on Photovoltaic Materials and Solar Cells)
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Review

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34 pages, 24121 KiB  
Review
Recent Advances of Doped SnO2 as Electron Transport Layer for High-Performance Perovskite Solar Cells
by Vo Pham Hoang Huy, Thi My Huyen Nguyen and Chung Wung Bark
Materials 2023, 16(18), 6170; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16186170 - 12 Sep 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1961
Abstract
Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have garnered considerable attention over the past decade owing to their low cost and proven high power conversion efficiency of over 25%. In the planar heterojunction PSC structure, tin oxide was utilized as a substitute material for the TiO [...] Read more.
Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have garnered considerable attention over the past decade owing to their low cost and proven high power conversion efficiency of over 25%. In the planar heterojunction PSC structure, tin oxide was utilized as a substitute material for the TiO2 electron transport layer (ETL) owing to its similar physical properties and high mobility, which is suitable for electron mining. Nevertheless, the defects and morphology significantly changed the performance of SnO2 according to the different deposition techniques, resulting in the poor performance of PSCs. In this review, we provide a comprehensive insight into the factors that specifically influence the ETL in PSC. The properties of the SnO2 materials are briefly introduced. In particular, the general operating principles, as well as the suitability level of doping in SnO2, are elucidated along with the details of the obtained results. Subsequently, the potential for doping is evaluated from the obtained results to achieve better results in PSCs. This review aims to provide a systematic and comprehensive understanding of the effects of different types of doping on the performance of ETL SnO2 and potentially instigate further development of PSCs with an extension to SnO2-based PSCs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Research on Photovoltaic Materials and Solar Cells)
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