Mechanism of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases

A special issue of Journal of Personalized Medicine (ISSN 2075-4426). This special issue belongs to the section "Mechanisms of Diseases".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (25 May 2024) | Viewed by 2904

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Interests: biomarkers; cardiometabolic disease; nutrition; obesity; metabolic disorders; nutrigenetics

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Guest Editor
Internal Medicine Departament, Rehabilitation Cardiology Discipline, “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 400337 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Interests: cardiology; atrial fibrillation
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The integration of different mechanisms of production and evolution of endocrine and metabolic diseases with modern theories of correct nutrition, nutrigenomics and nanoparticles can lead to the understanding of various cardiovascular, endocrine and metabolic pathologies. This Special Issue of the Journal of Personalized Medicine aims to highlight the current state of the science and showcase some of the latest findings in the field of endocrine and metabolic diseases. The scientific advances in the field of nutrition, nutrigenomics and nanoparticles will continue to pave the path towards personalized nutrition for optimal health and wellness. Original articles and reviews highlighting the mechanism and treatment for endocrine and metabolic diseases as well as personalized medicine are welcome.

Dr. Teodora-Gabriela Alexescu
Dr. Adela Viviana Sitar-Tăut
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Personalized Medicine is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • cardiometabolic disease
  • nutrition
  • obesity
  • metabolic disorders
  • nutrigenetics
  • nanoparticles

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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11 pages, 1864 KiB  
Article
Non-Pharmacological Intervention for Personalizing Sleep Quality through Gentle Rocking Motion
by Damiana-Maria Vulturar, Liviu-Ștefan Moacă, Ioana Maria Chețan, Ștefan Cristian Vesa, Teodora-Gabriela Alexescu, Cristina Grigorescu, Antigona Carmen Trofor, Mirela-Anca Stoia, Alexandra Floriana Nemes and Doina-Adina Todea
J. Pers. Med. 2024, 14(2), 218; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm14020218 - 19 Feb 2024
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Abstract
Introduction: Achieving restorative sleep is crucial for overall well-being, yet sleep difficulties affect a substantial portion of the adult population. Sleep disturbances are associated with diminished quality of life, physical complaints, cognitive impairment, and emotional regulation challenges. Objective: This study explores the influence [...] Read more.
Introduction: Achieving restorative sleep is crucial for overall well-being, yet sleep difficulties affect a substantial portion of the adult population. Sleep disturbances are associated with diminished quality of life, physical complaints, cognitive impairment, and emotional regulation challenges. Objective: This study explores the influence of an innovative experimental bed designed to generate rocking motions on sleep parameters. Methods: A prospective observational study enrolled 60 adult participants, assessing their sleep on a regular stationary bed and the Inoveris bed, providing gentle rocking movements. Polysomnography was conducted, recording electroencephalography, electrooculogram, electromyogram, respiratory effort, and other parameters. Results: The rocking bed significantly increased total sleep time (TST) and reduced N1 sleep stage duration (p < 0.001). Participants also experienced a quicker transition to the N2 sleep stage (p = 0.01), indicative of a faster shift from wakefulness to deeper sleep. Additionally, rocking led to a higher percentage of N1 sleep stages (p = 0.01) and a significant increase in N3 sleep stage duration (p = 0.004). While some results lacked statistical significance, notable trends in the rocking bed group have clinical relevance, consistently improving sleep parameters, including increased TST. The rocking bed also showed a trend towards higher sleep efficiency (SE) and sleep duration percentage, hinting at a potential overall enhancement in sleep quality. Conclusion: This study contributes valuable insights into the potential benefits of rocking motions on sleep architecture. Despite variations in outcomes across studies, our results underscore the potential of rocking beds as a non-pharmacological intervention for enhancing sleep quality. Notable improvements in total sleep time (TST), N1 sleep stage reduction, and accelerated transitions to deeper sleep stages highlight the clinical relevance of rocking interventions. Further research, collaboration, and addressing the identified limitations will advance our understanding of the therapeutic applications of rocking motions in sleep science. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mechanism of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases)
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Review

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44 pages, 1384 KiB  
Review
Personalizing Nutrition Strategies: Bridging Research and Public Health
by Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez, Helia Carmen Peris-Ramos, Laura Redondo-Flórez, Ana Isabel Beltrán-Velasco, Alexandra Martín-Rodríguez, Susana David-Fernandez, Rodrigo Yáñez-Sepúlveda and José Francisco Tornero-Aguilera
J. Pers. Med. 2024, 14(3), 305; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm14030305 - 13 Mar 2024
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Abstract
In recent years, although life expectancy has increased significantly, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) continue to pose a significant threat to the health of the global population. Therefore, eating habits have been recognized as key modifiable factors that influence people’s health and well-being. For this [...] Read more.
In recent years, although life expectancy has increased significantly, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) continue to pose a significant threat to the health of the global population. Therefore, eating habits have been recognized as key modifiable factors that influence people’s health and well-being. For this reason, it is interesting to study dietary patterns, since the human diet is a complex mixture of macronutrients, micronutrients, and bioactive compounds, and can modulate multiple physiological processes, including immune function, the metabolism, and inflammation. To ensure that the data we acquired were current and relevant, we searched primary and secondary sources, including scientific journals, bibliographic indexes, and databases in the last 15 years with the most relevant articles. After this search, we observed that all the recent research on NCDs suggests that diet is a critical factor in shaping an individual’s health outcomes. Thus, cardiovascular, metabolic, mental, dental, and visual health depends largely on the intake, habits and patterns, and nutritional behaviors. A diet high in processed and refined foods, added sugars, and saturated fats can increase the risk of developing chronic diseases. On the other hand, a diet rich in whole, nutrient-dense foods, such as vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, and a high adherence to Mediterranean diet can improve health’s people. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mechanism of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases)
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