Sustainable Production of Fruit Trees and Disease Resistance

A special issue of Horticulturae (ISSN 2311-7524). This special issue belongs to the section "Plant Pathology and Disease Management (PPDM)".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 March 2024 | Viewed by 726

Special Issue Editors

Department of Plant Pathology, University of Zagreb Faculty of Agriculture, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Interests: plant pathology/pathogens; plant pathogen diagnostics; molecular methods in plant pathology; effects of environmental factors on genomes in prokaryotes; phytopharmacy; plant disease control
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Department of Agriculture and Nutrition, Institute of Agriculture and Tourism, 52440 Poreč, Croatia
Interests: olive protection; biological control; plant pathology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Italian National Research Council, Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, 10138 Torino, Italy
Interests: molecular biology of plant pathogens; quarantine plant pathogens; innovative precision diagnostics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Sustainable fruit production protects and broadens the interests of countries and contributes to the conservation of national treasures—the diversity of plant and animal species, humus content in the soil, etc. Following the guidelines for such farming, the use of agro-chemicals is minimized, the dependence on fuels is reduced, natural biological processes are enhanced, and soil fertility is restored.

Plant diseases nowadays are increasing due to the climate change we are witnessing, but also due to intensive plant production and technology. Similarly, infections are always higher in orchards with higher planting densities and where drastic pruning and abundant irrigation are present, like excessive nitrogen fertilization. Since the natural balance is disturbed under such production conditions, the plants’ vigor and resistance are reduced and various problems arise, like a large number of new diseases and their occurrence on a large scale. Under the current situation, plants become more susceptible to various diseases.

The importance of research on the proposed topic is based on the fact that there is an actual possibility of finding potential solutions to the struggle against pathogens of fruit trees that do not currently have adequate curative plant-protection remedies. Therefore, there is a need and necessity to find alternative natural ingredients and compounds in the fight against plant diseases. At the same time, effective antimicrobial, natural, and non-hazardous compounds are an alternative answer and an ecological solution to the problem of plant protection and could be a response to the increasing endangerment of human health.

In addition, the use and further development of organic plant-protection products will largely depend a) on the interest of the pesticide industries or the pharmaceutical industry (which is increasingly interested in this area, as alternative solutions to plant protection need to be pursued as registration and authorization of usage have been abolished for a large number of products); b) on the farmers' demands (which are growing over time); c) on the results of scientific research (which is increasing in that specific area); and d) on public opinion (which is more and more turning to so-called 'green' solutions).

Research on alternative compounds and agents in phytomedicine is not strongly represented in databases, as such research can be said to have just begun. This Special Issue deals with the innovative and original research on this topic nowadays.

Since science has an extremely important task in the introduction and development of any new technology, we also consider our task in fulfilling this purpose through this Special Issue.

Prof. Dr. Edyta Đermić
Dr. Sara Godena
Dr. Slavica Matic
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Horticulturae is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • integrated plant production
  • plant waste products
  • organic agriculture
  • phenols
  • biological control
  • bioactive compounds
  • alternative methods
  • biopesticides
  • essential oils
  • plant disease management
  • green pesticides
  • antimicrobial activity
  • bacteria
  • fungi
  • viruses
  • plant diseases

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

16 pages, 3649 KiB  
Article
Antifungal and Antioomycete Activities of a Curcuma longa L. Hydroethanolic Extract Rich in Bisabolene Sesquiterpenoids
Horticulturae 2024, 10(2), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae10020124 - 27 Jan 2024
Viewed by 542
Abstract
Curcuma longa, known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties, has been a staple in traditional medicine for centuries. In the pursuit of natural alternatives to synthetic preservatives, the extracts of C. longa have garnered attention for their efficacy in extending shelf [...] Read more.
Curcuma longa, known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties, has been a staple in traditional medicine for centuries. In the pursuit of natural alternatives to synthetic preservatives, the extracts of C. longa have garnered attention for their efficacy in extending shelf life and preventing the spoilage of diverse agricultural products. This study aims to assess the antifungal and antioomycete activities and plant protection capabilities of a hydroethanolic C. longa extract as a natural product against crop pathogens. The phytochemical profile of the C. longa extract was elucidated through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The extract exhibited a richness in bisabolene sesquiterpenoids, notably (+)-β-turmerone, α-turmerone, (+)-(S)-ar-turmerone, and included minor phytoconstituents, such as α-atlantone, γ-curcumene, zingiberene, isoelemicin, and gibberellin A3. Radial growth inhibition assays demonstrated the C. longa extract’s effectiveness against various phytopathogenic fungi, including Botrytis cinerea, Colletotrichum acutatum, and Diplodia corticola, as well as the oomycetes Phytophthora cactorum and Phytophthora cinnamomi. In ex situ tests, the C. longa extract demonstrated remarkable protection capabilities for Malus domestica excised stems against P. cinnamomi-induced necrosis. Furthermore, the C. longa extract exhibited non-toxicity towards lettuce seed germination and did not impact early lettuce seedling growth, indicating its safety for crop protection. These findings contribute to expanding the potential applications of C. longa as an antimicrobial agent, particularly for safeguarding economically significant trees against the destructive oomycete P. cinnamomi. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Production of Fruit Trees and Disease Resistance)
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