Engineered Wood Products: From the Latest Perspective

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Wood Science and Forest Products".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 May 2024) | Viewed by 1613

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Department of Forest Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Brasília, Brasília 70919-970, Brazil
Interests: engineered wood products; wood materials for structural purposes; wood composites

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Engineered wood products (EWP) are wood-based materials used mainly for structural purposes. EWPs include products developed in early 20th century, such as plywood and glued laminated timber, and also products developed later, such as oriented strandboard, laminated veneer lumber, wood I-beams, laminated/oriented strand lumber and cross-laminated timber. Since huge and complex wood structures have emerged around the world, even in countries where wood is not the main construction material, more people have become interested in this research field. Thus, new challenges to fully developing this industry appear day after day, and we must overcome them. In this context, we welcome scientific contributions on the following topics.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Material properties and structural behavior;
  • Durability, permanence and performance;
  • Theoretical vs. experimental behavior;
  • New approaches to manufacturing;
  • Non-destructive testing and evaluation;
  • New adhesives and bonding systems;
  • The utilization of lesser-known wood species;
  • The modification of raw materials to improve their quality and behavior;
  • Economic feasibility, environmental issues and recycling;
  • Future perspectives on the industry.

Prof. Dr. Cláudio Henrique Soares Del Menezzi
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • wood engineering
  • structural composite lumber
  • wood structures
  • composite materials
  • eco-friendly materials

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

17 pages, 11271 KiB  
Article
Experimental Investigation of Quasi-Static and Dynamic Impact Resistance in Thin Wood Veneer Laminates
by Johannes Reiner, Yasir Gousul Irshad, Sergio Orellana, Thomas Feser, Matthias Waimer, Matt Jennings and Mahbube Subhani
Forests 2024, 15(4), 694; https://doi.org/10.3390/f15040694 - 12 Apr 2024
Viewed by 580
Abstract
The incorporation of sustainability into the design of transport vehicles has become increasingly important in recent years. A low carbon footprint makes wood-based structures attractive to replace other lightweight materials such as aluminum or fiber-reinforced plastics. This paper investigates and compares the static [...] Read more.
The incorporation of sustainability into the design of transport vehicles has become increasingly important in recent years. A low carbon footprint makes wood-based structures attractive to replace other lightweight materials such as aluminum or fiber-reinforced plastics. This paper investigates and compares the static and dynamic impact behavior of thin Beech wood veneer laminates in standardized mechanical tests. The results obtained from Quasi-Static Indentation (QSI) and dynamic Low-Velocity Impact (LVI) tests reveal similarities and differences with regard to load vs. displacement behavior, damage mechanisms, permanent deformation, and energy absorption. While yield strength and damage modes are comparable in both test cases, it is found that the bending stiffness is strain-rate sensitive. Plastic deformation in compression is identified as the governing mechanism for energy absorption. These results can guide the design of sustainable wood-based structures for future transport applications where a thorough understanding of impact and crashworthiness is important. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineered Wood Products: From the Latest Perspective)
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23 pages, 4627 KiB  
Article
Cutting with Circular Saw of Traversal-Structured Panels Obtained from Spruce (Picea abies L.) Branches
by Alin M. Olarescu and Aurel Lunguleasa
Forests 2024, 15(4), 685; https://doi.org/10.3390/f15040685 - 10 Apr 2024
Viewed by 698
Abstract
Finding new wood resources is a permanent challenge nowadays, especially due to the fact that there is a crisis of these resources through the continuous degradation of forest areas that can be exploited. In this general context, the use of spruce (Picea [...] Read more.
Finding new wood resources is a permanent challenge nowadays, especially due to the fact that there is a crisis of these resources through the continuous degradation of forest areas that can be exploited. In this general context, the use of spruce (Picea abies L.) branches to create panels with a transverse texture becomes the main purpose of this research. Going beyond the current stage of research in the field, this research highlights the particularities of cutting panels with a transverse texture made from spruce branches, especially due to the cutting direction compared to the wood grain. In addition to the activities of collecting and sorting the branches, processing and joining, in order to obtain dimensionally stable panels, the workability of these panels with a transverse texture represents a new challenge in this field. The work methodology was based on the effective measurement of the cutting and advance power during cutting with a circular blade. The obtained results referred to the comparison of 10 working regimes from the point of view of the electrical power consumed, according to the two main parameters taken into account, which are the rotational speed of the circular blade and the advance speed. The final conclusion of the work highlighted the fact that the processing of panels with a transverse structure requires specific work regimes, namely an optimal regime of electric consumption of 2.2 kW, at a cutting speed of 79.2 m/s and an advance speed of 3.7 m/min. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineered Wood Products: From the Latest Perspective)
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