Emerging Technologies in Electric Vehicle Engineering: Battery Chargers, Electric Drives, and Smart Grid Services

A special issue of Electronics (ISSN 2079-9292). This special issue belongs to the section "Electrical and Autonomous Vehicles".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2021) | Viewed by 10363

Special Issue Editors


E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Electrical, Electronic, and Information Engineering "Guglielmo Marconi", Campus Cesena, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
Interests: power electronic circuits and power electronic converters for renewable energy sources and electrical drives; sustainability; electric vehicle chargers; WBG devices
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
Department of Electrical, Electronic, and Information Engineering, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Interests: power electronics; power converters; electric vehicles; renewables; pulse-width-modulation; harmonic pollution
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Guest Editors invite submissions for a Special Issue of the MDPI Electronics journal entitled “Emerging Technologies in Electric Vehicle Engineering: Battery Chargers, Electric Drives, and Smart Grid Services.”

The electric vehicle (EV) is recognized to be part of the expected strategic response against the global warming issue. Government, authorities, and automotive players have already started the so-called green shift, in which EVs are one of the most crucial elements. Green mobility is entering a more mature scenario where most of the strengths and weaknesses of conventional electric mobility technology have already been analyzed, exploited, and improved. New emerging technologies, which were unknown only a few years ago, are starting to be recognized as good candidates for mainstream adoption in the coming decades.

Novel power converter charging topologies dealing with the increasing AC and DC fast charging demand capable of guaranteeing bidirectional power flows are one of the most promising research fields. Unconventional electric drive structures able to provide torque vectoring, size, weight, and efficiency optimization are an already recognized hot topic. Finally, the unexploited capability of EV to actively contribute with ancillary smart grid services into power systems is expected to be a key player in the transition toward a fully/strongly dominated renewable energies scenario.

Electric vehicle engineering represents a broad study field with main topics such as smart battery packs, battery management systems, wide-bandgap power components, cockpit electromagnetic compatibility, storage technology, intelligent control systems, and many others, and all of them are an acknowledged part of the EV research trend today.

This Special Issue aims to consolidate knowledge of cutting-edge emerging technologies for electric vehicle engineering. Hence, scholars, academic scientists, researchers, Ph.D. students, and professional groups are invited to submit original contributions supported by experimental validation and/or review papers.

The topics of interest include (but are not limited to):

  • Power electronics:
    • Power electronics for battery balancing and energy storage devices coupling;
    • Topology standardization and converters modularity for low cost charging power scaling and fault-tolerant systems;
    • New battery charger technologies for onboard and offboard chargers such as interleaved, multilevel, bidirectional, and resonant converters, for both AC and DC fast charging;
    • Novel driving strategies and power switch technologies such as SiC- and GaN-based systems;
    • EV charging utilizing wireless power transfer (WPT) for both light and heavy vehicles;
  • Energy storage and onboard systems:
    • Advancements in energy storage technologies, including alternative hybrid/mixed battery pack employing ultracapacitors, fuel cells, and second life components;
    • Smart battery packs and battery management systems for cells-level monitoring, active balancing, and state of charge (SoC), state of health (SoH), and temperature advanced identification/estimation techniques;
    • EV cockpit electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and power quality management in charging and driving operations;
    • Control techniques based on microcontrollers, DSPs, and FPGAs architectures;
  • Electric drives:
    • Traction converter and electric machines beyond the state-of-the-art with advanced field/torque control for standard three-phase or multiphase structures;
    • Filtering, coupling, and galvanic isolation during charging operations through electric machine windings;
    • Multimotor architectures for advanced kinetic energy recovery, torque vectoring, performance, and efficiency optimization;
    • Traction and charging power converters integration for weight, cost, and size optimization;
  • Smart grid services:
    • Fleet aggregation and charging planning for exploiting renewable energy sources and profit maximization in high EV penetration scenarios;
    • Ancillary services, such as Vehicle to Grid (V2G), Vehicle for Grid (V4G), Vehicle to Home (V2H), Vehicle to Building (V2B), Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V), and all the possible Vehicle to Anything (V2X) systems;
    • Smart mobility integration in smart cities for charging station locations, demand response, and system-level optimization.

Dr. Mattia Ricco
Dr. Jelena Loncarski
Dr. Riccardo Mandrioli
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Electronics is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (2 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

21 pages, 2453 KiB  
Article
A Novel Energy-Efficiency Optimization Approach Based on Driving Patterns Styles and Experimental Tests for Electric Vehicles
by Juan Diego Valladolid, Diego Patino, Giambattista Gruosso, Carlos Adrián Correa-Flórez, José Vuelvas and Fabricio Espinoza
Electronics 2021, 10(10), 1199; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10101199 - 18 May 2021
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 4278
Abstract
This article proposes an energy-efficiency strategy based on the optimization of driving patterns for an electric vehicle (EV). The EV studied in this paper is a commercial vehicle only driven by a traction motor. The motor drives the front wheels indirectly through the [...] Read more.
This article proposes an energy-efficiency strategy based on the optimization of driving patterns for an electric vehicle (EV). The EV studied in this paper is a commercial vehicle only driven by a traction motor. The motor drives the front wheels indirectly through the differential drive. The electrical inverter model and the power-train efficiency are established by lookup tables determined by power tests in a dynamometric bank. The optimization problem is focused on maximizing energy-efficiency between the wheel power and battery pack, not only to maintain but also to improve its value by modifying the state of charge (SOC). The solution is found by means of a Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm. The optimizer simulation results validate the increasing efficiency with the speed setpoint variations, and also show that the battery SOC is improved. The best results are obtained when the speed variation is between 5% and 6%. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

19 pages, 8108 KiB  
Article
Phase and Neutral Current Ripple Analysis in Three-Phase Four-Wire Split-Capacitor Grid Converter for EV Chargers
by Riccardo Mandrioli, Manel Hammami, Aleksandr Viatkin, Riccardo Barbone, Davide Pontara and Mattia Ricco
Electronics 2021, 10(9), 1016; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10091016 - 24 Apr 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 5053
Abstract
The current switching ripple in a three-phase four-wire split-capacitor converter is analyzed in this paper for all the four ac output wires in relation to both balanced and unbalanced working conditions. Specifically, analytical formulations of the peak-to-peak and root mean square (RMS) current [...] Read more.
The current switching ripple in a three-phase four-wire split-capacitor converter is analyzed in this paper for all the four ac output wires in relation to both balanced and unbalanced working conditions. Specifically, analytical formulations of the peak-to-peak and root mean square (RMS) current ripples are originally evaluated as a function of the modulation index, separately for the three phases and the neutral wire. Initially, the single-carrier sinusoidal pulse width modulation (PWM) technique is outlined, as it generally concerns a straightforward and effective modulation. With the aim of mitigating the current ripple in the neutral wire, the interleaved multiple-carrier PWM strategy is adopted, also avoiding any repercussion on the phase one. Numerical simulations and experimental tests were carried out to verify all the analytical developments. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop