Rising Stars: Oral Infections and Microbes

A special issue of Dentistry Journal (ISSN 2304-6767). This special issue belongs to the section "Oral Hygiene, Periodontology and Peri-implant Diseases".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 2 December 2024 | Viewed by 3201

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Department of Medical, Oral and Biottechnological Sciences, University of G. d’Annunzio Chieti and Pescara, Chieti, Italy
Interests: oral surgery; periodontology; oral pathology; microbiome; dental implantology; MRONJ
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, interest in the oral microbiome and infection has undergone a tremendous evolution, mostly due to the development and diffusion of the NGS analysis of plaque and saliva samples.

Moreover, recent studies have demonstrated that new diagnostic perspectives are obtainable through the analysis of salivary samples.

At the same time, procedures that are involved in oral microbiota modulation have been investigated and proposed as methods to address oral diseases.

Furthermore, the pandemic period gave a tremendous impetus to the research of probiotics, toothpastes, and oral rinses that have the specific aim of preventing oral disease and promoting oral health.

The aim of this Special Issue is to evaluate what we know about these aspects of oral care and how these could be used to control cross-infections and modulate systemic inflammation.

Prof. Dr. Marco Dolci
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • systemic inflammation
  • oral microbiota
  • oral rinses
  • oral microbiota modulation
  • salivary test
  • oral pathology

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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13 pages, 584 KiB  
Article
Clinical Use of Paraprobiotics for Pregnant Women with Periodontitis: Randomized Clinical Trial
by Andrea Butera, Maurizio Pascadopoli, Maria Gloria Nardi, Chiara Ogliari, Alessandro Chiesa, Camilla Preda, Giulia Perego and Andrea Scribante
Dent. J. 2024, 12(4), 116; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj12040116 - 19 Apr 2024
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Abstract
Periodontal disease is very common in pregnant women. Paraprobiotics are a subset of probiotics. They can be defined as inactivated microbial cells providing health benefits to the host and are considered particularly safe. The aim of this study was to compare the periodontal [...] Read more.
Periodontal disease is very common in pregnant women. Paraprobiotics are a subset of probiotics. They can be defined as inactivated microbial cells providing health benefits to the host and are considered particularly safe. The aim of this study was to compare the periodontal health of pregnant women and puerperae after 6 months of home use of paraprobiotics. A total of 30 pregnant women were enrolled and divided into two groups: the test group, who had to use a paraprobiotic-based toothpaste (Biorepair Peribioma Pro, Coswell S.p.A., Funo di Argelato, BO, Italy) and mousse (Mousse Mouthwash Biorepair Peribioma, Coswell S.p.A.) twice a day, and the control group, who had to use only the paraprobiotic-based toothpaste. The time frames of the study were: 1 month (T1), 3 months (T2) and 6 months (T3), and data were collected during pregnancy and in the period immediately following delivery. The following indices were evaluated at T0, T1, T2 and T3: clinical attachment loss (CAL), probing pocket depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP), plaque control record (PCR), modified marginal gingival index (mMGI), papillary marginal gingival index (PMGI) and recessions (R). All data were subjected to statistical analysis. PCR decreased significantly from T0 to T1 in the control group and from T0 to T2 and from T0 to T3 in the test group. BOP tended to decrease in both groups, but a significant reduction was observed only in the test group. CAL, PPD, PMGI and mMGI tended to decrease gradually in both groups without significant differences between or within groups. The combination of the paraprobiotic-based toothpaste and the paraprobiotic-based mousse significantly reduced BoP and plaque control over time, although there were no significant differences with the use of the paraprobiotic-based toothpaste alone. In addition, the combination of the two products promoted a trend towards the better stabilization of recessions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rising Stars: Oral Infections and Microbes)
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Review

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16 pages, 318 KiB  
Review
Oral Mycobiota: A Narrative Review
by Carmen Liliana Defta, Cristina-Crenguţa Albu, Ştefan-Dimitrie Albu and Claudia Florina Bogdan-Andreescu
Dent. J. 2024, 12(4), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj12040115 - 19 Apr 2024
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Abstract
Numerous studies have proven the important role of the oral microbiota in health and disease. The dysfunctionality of the oral microbiota, known as dysbiosis, is incriminated in dental caries, periodontal disease, oral infectious diseases, oral cancer, and systemic disease. The lesser-known component of [...] Read more.
Numerous studies have proven the important role of the oral microbiota in health and disease. The dysfunctionality of the oral microbiota, known as dysbiosis, is incriminated in dental caries, periodontal disease, oral infectious diseases, oral cancer, and systemic disease. The lesser-known component of the oral microbiota, the mycobiota, is now assiduously investigated. Recent technological developments have helped foster the identification of new fungal species based on genomic research. Next-generation sequencing has expanded our knowledge about the diversity, architecture, and relationships of oral microorganisms within the oral cavity. The mycobiome structure and relationships with the bacteriome have been studied to identify a mycobiotic signature. This review aimed to emphasize the latest knowledge of the oral mycobiome. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rising Stars: Oral Infections and Microbes)

Other

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12 pages, 644 KiB  
Systematic Review
Effect of Probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus plantarum on Caries and Periodontal Diseases: A Systematic Review
by Silvia D’Agostino, Giulia Valentini, Francesca Iarussi and Marco Dolci
Dent. J. 2024, 12(4), 102; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj12040102 - 10 Apr 2024
Viewed by 1020
Abstract
Caries and periodontitis are the most prevalent oral diseases worldwide. Major factors contributing to the development of these oral conditions include poor oral hygiene, dental biofilm formation, high carbohydrates diet, smoking, other systemic diseases, and genetic factors. Various preventive measures have been established [...] Read more.
Caries and periodontitis are the most prevalent oral diseases worldwide. Major factors contributing to the development of these oral conditions include poor oral hygiene, dental biofilm formation, high carbohydrates diet, smoking, other systemic diseases, and genetic factors. Various preventive measures have been established to mitigate the risk of caries and periodontal disease development. The present review aims to discuss the role of the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus plantarum in the prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases. The study was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines and was registered on PROSPERO. The search involved PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus and considered the PICO format. Studies were screened by two reviewers independently, and disagreements were solved by consensus with a third reviewer. Data extraction included details about the type of probiotics, strains, and purpose of administration. A total of 15 RCTs were included, of which just 1 was about tooth cavities. Overall, 87% of the included studies were good-quality papers regarding the Jadad Scale. Several studies agreed on the potential of probiotics L. rhamnosus and L. plantarum, both alone and combined, to prevent and improve clinical outcomes in caries and periodontal treatments, weaker evidence is provided for the microbiological benefit. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rising Stars: Oral Infections and Microbes)
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