Carbon-Based Polymer Composites: Synthesis, Processing, Characterization and Applications

A special issue of C (ISSN 2311-5629). This special issue belongs to the section "Carbon Materials and Carbon Allotropes".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 July 2024 | Viewed by 3105

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong 643000, China
Interests: carbon-based polymer composites; biodegradable materials; biomass materials; recycling of resources; functional polymer nanocomposites; membrane; plasma surface modification; natural additives; biological resource regeneration and application; 3D printing materials
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Guest Editor
Department of Electronics and Telecommunications (DET), Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Turin, Italy
Interests: global navigation satellite system reflectometry; carbon nanotubes–polymer composites; carbon-based materials for electromagnetic shielding; thin films
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue focuses on the latest developments in carbon-based polymer composites, a rapidly evolving field at the intersection of materials science and engineering. We aim to cover a broad range of topics related to the synthesis, processing, and characterization of these composites, as well as their diverse applications. This Special Issue will bring together original research articles and reviews highlighting advances in carbon-based materials such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and carbon fibers, and their integration into polymer matrices. We seek contributions that explore innovative methods for synthesizing these composites, novel processing techniques to enhance their properties, detailed characterization to understand their structure–property relationships, and their applications in various fields such as electronics, aerospace, automotives, and environmental technology.

This Special Issue aims to provide a platform for researchers, engineers, and scientists to share their findings, discuss challenges, and present future directions in the field of carbon-based polymer composites.

Prof. Dr. Chi-Hui Tsou
Prof. Patrizia Savi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • carbon-based composites
  • polymer matrix composites
  • graphene composites
  • carbon nanotubes
  • carbon fiber-reinforced polymers
  • composite synthesis
  • material characterization
  • composite processing techniques
  • structural applications
  • environmental applications
  • aerospace materials
  • automotive composites
  • electronic materials

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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17 pages, 5304 KiB  
Article
A Coordination Polymer Based on Nickel(II)–Cyamelurate: A Robust Catalyst with Highly Dispersed Nickel Sites for Nitrophenol Reduction under Ambient Conditions
by Taís dos Santos da Cruz, Walker Vinícius Ferreira do Carmo Batista, Eduarda Ferreira de Oliveira, Wanessa Lima de Oliveira, Dilton Martins Pimentel, Gabriel Ali Atta Diab, Ivo Freitas Teixeira, Marcio César Pereira and João Paulo de Mesquita
C 2024, 10(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/c10010027 - 17 Mar 2024
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Abstract
Cyamelurate anions obtained from the hydrolysis of polymeric graphitic carbon nitride were used for the preparation of a water-stable and crystalline coordination polymer based on nickel(II)–cyamelurate. The polymer was prepared and applied as a catalyst for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol in [...] Read more.
Cyamelurate anions obtained from the hydrolysis of polymeric graphitic carbon nitride were used for the preparation of a water-stable and crystalline coordination polymer based on nickel(II)–cyamelurate. The polymer was prepared and applied as a catalyst for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol in the presence of borohydride under ambient conditions. The catalyst was prepared by a simple and environmentally friendly method in an aqueous medium, and it was completely characterized by a variety of techniques, including FTIR, UV–Vis, XRD, TGA, TEM, and STEM. The obtained catalyst was able to catalyze the reaction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol with a good kinetic constant. In addition, the catalyst proved to be significantly robust, maintaining a conversion rate greater than 80% after five minutes of reaction for eight consecutive catalytic cycles. In addition, the catalytic activity of the coordination polymer was much higher than that observed for a homogeneous catalyst based on aqueous Ni2+ ions, suggesting the importance of the structure of the coordination sphere formed by the cyamelurate anions. The results presented here can contribute to the application of other coordination polymers anchored with cyamelurate-like ligands and derivatives, as well as to new catalyst designs based on this coordination site formed by oxygen and nitrogen donor atoms. Full article
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Review

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35 pages, 11977 KiB  
Review
Fused Deposition Modelling of Thermoplastic Polymer Nanocomposites: A Critical Review
by Taha Sheikh and Kamran Behdinan
C 2024, 10(2), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/c10020029 - 25 Mar 2024
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Abstract
Fused deposition modelling (FDM) has attracted researchers’ interest in myriads of applications. The enhancement of its part using fillers to print nanocomposites is a cutting-edge domain of research. Industrial acceptance is still a challenge, and researchers are investigating different nanofillers and polymer matrix [...] Read more.
Fused deposition modelling (FDM) has attracted researchers’ interest in myriads of applications. The enhancement of its part using fillers to print nanocomposites is a cutting-edge domain of research. Industrial acceptance is still a challenge, and researchers are investigating different nanofillers and polymer matrix combinations to investigate FDM-printed nanocomposites. Carbon nanotubes, graphene, and cellulose are heavily studied nanofillers because of their astonishing properties, biocompatibility, and ability to tailor the final performance of the FDM-printed nanocomposite part. This work presents a comprehensive review of polymer nanocomposites based on these nanofillers. Important examples, case studies, and results are discussed and compared to elaborate the understanding of the processing of nanocomposites, filaments, printing, and the characterisation of these nanocomposites. A detailed and exhaustive discussion of the prospective computational models, with challenges and a future road map, is provided, enabling the scientific community to understand these nanocomposites and their FDM processing for wider industrial applications and acceptance. Full article
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