Wastewater Treatment Technologies II

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Chemical and Molecular Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 April 2024 | Viewed by 2219

Special Issue Editor

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
Interests: conventional and advanced wastewater treatment; biological waste treatment; biological nitrogen removal; shortcut nitrogen removal; microbial electrochemical wastewater treatment; microbial community
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Wastewater treatment technology has a history spanning thousands of years, while the activated sludge process is only 100 years old. Wastewater treatment technology has been developed by combining basic science such as chemistry, microbiology, and biochemistry with various engineering technologies such as civil engineering, chemical engineering, and biotechnology.

To solve global problems such as water shortage and energy crisis, wastewater is recognized as a resource, and various wastewater treatment technologies are being researched.

Thus, this Special Issue aims to collect and present all breakthrough research on all wastewater treatment technologies, including activated sludge, anaerobic digestion, membrane bioreactor, membrane aerated biofilm reactors, microbial electrochemical technology and others, removal mechanisms, and microbial communities. The scope of this Special Issue covers but is not limited to the following topics:

  • Conventional and advanced wastewater treatment technologies (including AS, AD, MBR and others);
  • Energy-neutral or low-energy wastewater treatment technologies (MABR, ANAMMOX, and others);
  • Nitrogen or phosphorus removal technologies;
  • Removal mechanisms and microbial communities in wastewater treatment processes.

Prof. Dr. Jaecheul Yu
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • wastewater treatment (conventional, advanced, and biological)
  • nutrient removal (nitrogen and phosphorus)
  • nitrogen removal (nitrification, denitrification, and ANANMMOX)
  • energy-neutral or low-energy wastewater treatment
  • microbial electrochemical wastewater treatment
  • microbial community

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

33 pages, 4439 KiB  
Review
Mitigation of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory and Antiretroviral Drugs as Environmental Pollutants by Adsorption Using Nanomaterials as Viable Solution—A Critical Review
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(2), 772; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13020772 - 05 Jan 2023
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1826
Abstract
Traces of pharmaceuticals of various classes have been reported as emerging pollutants, and they continue to be detected in aquatic environments. The steady growth of pharmaceuticals in water, as well as the related negative consequences, has made it a major priority to discover [...] Read more.
Traces of pharmaceuticals of various classes have been reported as emerging pollutants, and they continue to be detected in aquatic environments. The steady growth of pharmaceuticals in water, as well as the related negative consequences, has made it a major priority to discover effective ways for their removal from water. Various strategies have been used in the past in order to address this issue. Recently, nanotechnology has emerged as a topic of intense interest for this purpose, and different technologies for removing pharmaceuticals from water have been devised and implemented, such as photolysis, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, and oxidation. Nanotechnological approaches including adsorption and degradation have been comprehensively examined in this paper, along with the applications and limits, in which various types of nanoparticles, nanocomposites, and nanomembranes have played important roles in removing these pharmaceutical pollutants. However, this review focuses on the most often used method, adsorption, as it is regarded as the superior approach due to its low cost, efficiency, and ease of application. Adsorption kinetic models are explained to evaluate the effectiveness of nano-adsorbents in evaluating mass transfer processes in terms of how much can be adsorbed by each method. Several robust metals, metal oxides, and functionalized magnetic nanoparticles have been highlighted, classified, and compared for the removal of pharmaceuticals, such as non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory and antiretroviral drugs, from water. Additionally, current research difficulties and prospects have been highlighted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wastewater Treatment Technologies II)
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