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Alloys, Volume 3, Issue 2 (June 2024) – 2 articles

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21 pages, 12498 KiB  
Article
Effect of Annealing Temperature on Microstructure and Properties of Solid Solution Extruded Mg–2.0Zn–1.0Y–0.5Zr Alloys
by Junguang He, Zhenfei Cheng, Jiuba Wen, Peiwu Tian, Wuyun Feng, Xiangyang Zheng and Yuan Gong
Alloys 2024, 3(2), 140-160; https://doi.org/10.3390/alloys3020008 - 23 May 2024
Viewed by 258
Abstract
In this investigation, the effects of different annealing temperatures (180, 200, 220, 240, 260, and 280 °C) on the microstructure evolution and properties of an extruded Mg–2.0Zn–1.0Y–0.5Zr (wt%) magnesium alloys were determined. Optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), immersion corrosion, electrochemical corrosion [...] Read more.
In this investigation, the effects of different annealing temperatures (180, 200, 220, 240, 260, and 280 °C) on the microstructure evolution and properties of an extruded Mg–2.0Zn–1.0Y–0.5Zr (wt%) magnesium alloys were determined. Optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), immersion corrosion, electrochemical corrosion experiments, and tensile testing were performed. Research has found that combining hot extrusion with subsequent low-temperature annealing significantly improves the strength, plasticity, and corrosion resistance of alloys due to grain refinement and a reduced dislocation density. The alloy was completely recrystallized at an annealing temperature of 240 °C for 4 h after solid solution extrusion, and the grains were fine and uniform, demonstrating the best comprehensive properties. Its corrosion rate, ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation were 0.454 ± 0.023 mm/y, 346.7 ± 8.9 MPa, 292.4 ± 6.9 MPa, and 19.0 ± 0.4%, respectively. The corrosion mechanism of the specimens under extruded and annealed conditions was analyzed. After annealing at 240 °C for 4 h, the dislocation and bimodal grain structure of the samples were almost eliminated, resulting in uniform and fine grains, which were conducive to the formation of a more uniform and denser oxide film, thus improving the corrosion resistance of the alloy. Full article
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14 pages, 3201 KiB  
Article
First-Principles Study on Thermodynamic, Structural, Mechanical, Electronic, and Phonon Properties of tP16 Ru-Based Alloys
by Bhila Oliver Mnisi, Moseti Evans Benecha and Malebo Meriam Tibane
Alloys 2024, 3(2), 126-139; https://doi.org/10.3390/alloys3020007 - 15 Apr 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 473
Abstract
Transition metal-ruthenium alloys are promising candidates for ultra-high-temperature structural applications. However, the mechanical and electronic characteristics of these alloys are not well understood in the literature. This study uses first-principles density functional theory calculations to explore the structural, electronic, mechanical, and phonon properties [...] Read more.
Transition metal-ruthenium alloys are promising candidates for ultra-high-temperature structural applications. However, the mechanical and electronic characteristics of these alloys are not well understood in the literature. This study uses first-principles density functional theory calculations to explore the structural, electronic, mechanical, and phonon properties of X3Ru (X = Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn) binary alloys in the tP16 crystallographic phase. We find that Mn3Ru, Sc3Ru, Ti3Ru, V3Ru, and Zn3Ru have negative heats of formation and hence are thermodynamically stable. Mechanical analysis (Cij) indicates that all tP16-X3Ru alloys are mechanically stable except, Fe3Ru and Cr3Ru. Moreover, these compounds exhibit ductility and possess high melting temperatures. Furthermore, phonon dispersion curves indicate that Cr3Ru, Co3Ru, Ni3Ru, and Cu3Ru are dynamically stable, while the electronic density of states reveals all the X3Ru alloys are metallic, with a significant overlap between the valence and conduction bands at the Fermi energy. These findings offer insights into the novel properties of the tP16 X3Ru intermetallic alloys for the exploration of high-temperature structural applications. Full article
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