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Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ., Volume 12, Issue 3 (March 2022) – 8 articles

Cover Story (view full-size image): The aims of the study were to establish an adjustment model to analyze the relationship among mindfulness, balanced time perspective (BTP) and psychological well-being (PWB) in college students and to explore gender differences among the variables. The sample consisted of 380 college students, 220 women and 160 men. The results indicate that the synergy between mindfulness and BTP predicts the variance of PWB by 55%. Regarding gender differences, it was found that women have a greater tendency toward Past Positive than men, and men a higher tendency toward Present Hedonistic. In addition, in women, a stronger relationship was found among the variables and a greater predictive value for PWB (58%), displaying an enhanced disposition to high PWB compared to men. Together, mindfulness and BTP promote optimal psychological functioning and alleviate or reduce discomfort. View this paper
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3 pages, 229 KiB  
Editorial
Methodological Contributions to Educational Research on the Formation of Social Thought
by Delfín Ortega-Sánchez and Carlos Pérez-González
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(3), 344-346; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030025 - 16 Mar 2022
Viewed by 1777
Abstract
The main purpose of social science education is the formation of social thought for the understanding of reality from its critical and creative dimensions and for the intervention and democratic participation of a responsible and committed citizenship; that is, the formation of citizens [...] Read more.
The main purpose of social science education is the formation of social thought for the understanding of reality from its critical and creative dimensions and for the intervention and democratic participation of a responsible and committed citizenship; that is, the formation of citizens capable of living democratically with each other and of participating in the social, labor, cultural, and political life of their world, and trying to improve it [...] Full article
10 pages, 956 KiB  
Review
Infrared Radiation in the Management of Musculoskeletal Conditions and Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review
by Christos Tsagkaris, Andreas S. Papazoglou, Anna Eleftheriades, Stavros Tsakopoulos, Athanasios Alexiou, Mihnea-Alexandru Găman and Dimitrios V. Moysidis
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(3), 334-343; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030024 - 14 Mar 2022
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 10533
Abstract
Infrared radiation (IR) is a promising complementary treatment for musculoskeletal conditions and chronic pain. By means of a systematic review, we evaluated the contribution of IR to the management of these ailments. PubMed-MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library–Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were [...] Read more.
Infrared radiation (IR) is a promising complementary treatment for musculoskeletal conditions and chronic pain. By means of a systematic review, we evaluated the contribution of IR to the management of these ailments. PubMed-MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library–Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were systematically searched until 20 December 2021. The literature search yielded 233 relevant records. Following the screening of titles and abstracts, 42 full-texts were evaluated. As per inclusion/exclusion criteria, 13 publications were entered into the qualitative assessment. These studies described the effects of IR in humans: three studies focused on osteoarthritis, four studies on fibromyalgia, and six encompassed a wider range of diseases (ankylosing spondylitis, recovery from sports injuries, myofascial pain syndrome). Based on the findings of our systematic review, we noted a decrease in pain levels, as evaluated by the visual analog scale (VAS), in patients suffering from musculoskeletal disorders treated with IR. In addition, IR use led to a decrease in Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FiQ) scores in subjects diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Nevertheless, IR has failed to facilitate muscle recovery following athletic injuries. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Sciences before, during and after the COVID-19 Pandemic)
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15 pages, 3035 KiB  
Article
Evaluation of Self-Perceived Body Image in Adolescents with Mild Idiopathic Scoliosis
by Guido Belli, Stefania Toselli, Pasqualino Maietta Latessa and Mario Mauro
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(3), 319-333; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030023 - 11 Mar 2022
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 3949
Abstract
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent types of scoliosis, affecting up to 3% of children around the world. The progression of AIS can cause alteration in psychological components such as self-perceived body image and self-identity, which negatively affect the teenager quality [...] Read more.
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent types of scoliosis, affecting up to 3% of children around the world. The progression of AIS can cause alteration in psychological components such as self-perceived body image and self-identity, which negatively affect the teenager quality of life (QoL). The mainly aim of this cross-sectional study is to investigate how mild AIS impacts self-perceived body image in young people. Fifteen participants (mean age = 14.47 ± 2.825) of both sexes (male = 5; female = 10) with a curve magnitude from 10° up to 25° completed the Scoliosis Research Society Patient Questionnaire (SRS-22), the Trunk Appearance Perception Scale (TAPS) and were subject to spinal analysis and photogrammetry. Results display statistical differences between self-perceived body image and other SRS-22 domains (Hotelling t2= 70.29; F(3,12) = 20.08; p < 0.001). Additionally, the regression model, which better explained the self-perceived variability, was fit by function/activity, pain, and mental health domains (F(4,10) = 4.39; p = 0.029; R2 = 0.545). Although AIS was not severe, it negatively affected participants self-perceived body image. More attention in AIS qualify of life is needed, and early treatments could be necessary to prevent psychological impairments self-perception related. Full article
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13 pages, 845 KiB  
Article
Mindfulness and Balanced Time Perspective: Predictive Model of Psychological Well-Being and Gender Differences in College Students
by Andrea Fuentes, Cristián Oyanadel, Philip Zimbardo, Melissa González-Loyola, Lening A. Olivera-Figueroa and Wenceslao Peñate
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(3), 306-318; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030022 - 10 Mar 2022
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 5103
Abstract
Background: The aims of the study were to establish an adjustment model to analyze the relationship among mindfulness, balanced time perspective (BTP) and psychological well-being (PWB) in college students and to explore gender differences among the variables. Method: The sample consisted of 380 [...] Read more.
Background: The aims of the study were to establish an adjustment model to analyze the relationship among mindfulness, balanced time perspective (BTP) and psychological well-being (PWB) in college students and to explore gender differences among the variables. Method: The sample consisted of 380 college students, 220 women and 160 men, uniformly distributed according to the university’s faculties. Results: The results indicate that the synergy between mindfulness and BTP predicts the variance of PWB by 55%. Regarding gender differences, it was found that women have a greater tendency towards Past Positive than men and men a higher tendency towards Present Hedonistic than women. In addition, in the group of women, a stronger relationship was found among the variables and, consequently, a greater predictive value for PWB (58%), displaying an enhanced disposition to high PWB compared to men. Conclusions: Together, mindfulness and BTP promote optimal psychological functioning and alleviate or reduce discomfort. Thus, their promotion and training in universities is especially important given the high prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in college students. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Variables Related to Well-Being in Adolescence)
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11 pages, 290 KiB  
Article
Influencing Factors of Behavior for Reducing Exposure to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and Demand for Related Education
by Chae-Min Yoon and Hye-Jin Kim
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(3), 295-305; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030021 - 9 Mar 2022
Viewed by 2474
Abstract
This study investigates the factors influencing university students’ behavior in reducing exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and the demand for related education. This study utilized a descriptive survey. Data were collected from 192 students in Busan, South Korea, from 1 September to [...] Read more.
This study investigates the factors influencing university students’ behavior in reducing exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and the demand for related education. This study utilized a descriptive survey. Data were collected from 192 students in Busan, South Korea, from 1 September to 31 December 2020 using an online questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson’s correlation coefficient test, and multiple regression. A positive correlation was observed between knowledge about EDCs and perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and behavior for reducing exposure to EDCs. Perceived benefits had a negative correlation with perceived barriers. Factors affecting students’ behavior for reducing exposure to EDCs were age, enrollment in a health-related department, regular exercise, medication, and intake of healthy foods. Moreover, participants preferred to receive relevant information through a variety of educational resources and online teaching methods, favoring videos and social media, but not group discussions or individual counseling. They also preferred lecture-type education and the use of pamphlets, fliers, newspapers, and magazines. Thus, reducing EDC exposure implies encouraging regular exercise, appropriate health medications, and healthy food consumption; it is also necessary to make educational content accessible to college students via the Internet and mobile phones. Future studies should analyze the effect of reducing EDCs within the body through individual behaviors, to improve people’s physical, emotional, and socio-psychological health status. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Research in Clinical and Health Contexts)
14 pages, 787 KiB  
Article
Safety Compliance in a Sample of Italian Mechanical Companies: The Role of Knowledge and Safety Climate
by Federico Ricci, Chiara Panari and Annalisa Pelosi
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(3), 281-294; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030020 - 4 Mar 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2258
Abstract
The accident rate in the Italian mechanical sector is still too high, and evidence-based interventions to improve safety performance are essential. To better address this, our study contributes to the understanding of how to promote safety compliance through safe behaviours by using a [...] Read more.
The accident rate in the Italian mechanical sector is still too high, and evidence-based interventions to improve safety performance are essential. To better address this, our study contributes to the understanding of how to promote safety compliance through safe behaviours by using a sample of Italian mechanical workers (n = 109). Before and after scheduled safety training, intervention data on organizational factors, as well as on individual factors affecting safety-related behaviours, were collected. Particularly, data were collected using multiple sources, including self-perception questionnaires (to measure the safety climate among the management and colleagues and the safety attitude), paper and pencil tests (to measure safety knowledge), and observations by personnel with experience in observation tasks (to measure safety behaviours objectively). A model class of competing general linear models was built to determine which of the models was best suited for predicting safety-related behaviours. The results showed that both knowledge and the management’s safety climate effectively promoted safety compliance. Crucial implications for the effectiveness of active teaching methods, along with the need for continuous training and the prominent role of the management team members in giving, through their actions, further relevance to the need to respect rules and procedures, were revealed. Finally, practical implications for researchers, corporate decision makers, government agencies, and international bodies are discussed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Safety Training Effectiveness: A Research Agenda)
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12 pages, 264 KiB  
Article
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) of Ruminant Livestock Farmers Related to Zoonotic Diseases in Elassona Municipality, Greece
by Athanasios Moutos, Chrysoula Doxani, Ioannis Stefanidis, Elias Zintzaras and Georgios Rachiotis
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(3), 269-280; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030019 - 25 Feb 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 4351
Abstract
Zoonotic diseases represent a significant health and economic burden in countries that rely on small ruminant milk production, such as Greece. Greece is endemic for many zoonotic diseases, some of which have occupational determinants. Our aim was to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practices [...] Read more.
Zoonotic diseases represent a significant health and economic burden in countries that rely on small ruminant milk production, such as Greece. Greece is endemic for many zoonotic diseases, some of which have occupational determinants. Our aim was to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practices of livestock ruminant farmers concerning zoonoses. This study was performed as a cross-sectional study, using a questionnaire. We interviewed ruminant farmers (n = 204) from 33 settlements of an area with intense agrarian activity. Three index variables, namely knowledge score, attitude score, and practice score, were constructed. The relations between the explanatory variables and the three indexes were assessed based on linear regression analyses. Regarding practices, 23 (11.3%) consume unpasteurized milk or products from unpasteurized milk and no one takes precautionary measures when assisting animals in parturition or during handling birth material. Education level was positively associated with better knowledge and practices, while close veterinary supervision of the farm was associated with better practices regarding the zoonoses prevention. The results indicate the need for continuous awareness and education actions. Close contact with a veterinarian can be utilized as a key tool both with the current brucellosis vaccination program and in the design of awareness campaigns regarding zoonoses in collaboration with other public health personnel. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Research in Clinical and Health Contexts)
33 pages, 1557 KiB  
Systematic Review
Benefits of Pilates in the Elderly Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
by Mário José Pereira, Rodrigo Mendes, Rui Sousa Mendes, Fernando Martins, Ricardo Gomes, José Gama, Gonçalo Dias and Maria António Castro
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(3), 236-268; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12030018 - 22 Feb 2022
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 7909
Abstract
The aim of this systematic review is to collect and summarize the benefits of Pilates in the elderly population (>60 years old), within the current scientific production, assessing its contribution to Healthy Ageing (HA). We used PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews [...] Read more.
The aim of this systematic review is to collect and summarize the benefits of Pilates in the elderly population (>60 years old), within the current scientific production, assessing its contribution to Healthy Ageing (HA). We used PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis) to select, collect, and analyse this thematic. The methodological procedures were registered in the PROSPERO database. The main results of the studies analysed (n = 30) point to significant differences between the intervention and the control groups in dynamic balance, strength, mobility, functional capacity, risk of falling reduction, and mental and psychological health. Thus, the results showed that Pilates may be beneficial for the health of the elderly. The meta-analysis found statistical differences between means on the dynamic balance (mean difference (MD) = −0.0, 95% CI [−0.71, −0.50]; I2: 0%) and the aerobic capacity and aerobic resistance [(MD) = 38.29, 95% CI [6.82, 69.77]; I2: 0%). Thus, it is concluded that the efficacy of Pilates has been shown in various areas of HA and has proven to be affordable and safe for the majority of people, using just a mat on the floor. Future studies should focus on the analysis of the relationship between the cost and the benefit of a Pilates intervention in the elderly population, to better understand how health costs can be minimized and to contribute to a multidisciplinary and generalized HA. Pilates has practical application for the clinicians, therapists, and health professionals that work with the elderly population. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active or Healthy Ageing)
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