Current Challenges and Advances in Skin Repair and Regeneration
The skin is the human body's first barrier, and acts as a defense against external stimuli, protecting against damage and injury. The structure of the skin is complex: it is composed of the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous fat, acting as a barrier against the penetration of damaging UV rays from the sun, the invasion of harmful pathogens, and the evaporation of water, thereby protecting the underlying organs.
In clinical practice, the interruption of skin integrity can be caused by different external factors which range from an iatrogenic or post-traumatic excision to a severe loss of tissue, such as in relation to an ulcer, or even to an alteration of the skin structure by chemicals or heat.
Since skin represent the most extended and most visible organ of the human body, growing attention is given to its healing and its reconstruction. In the last few years, we have observed an increased interest in skin repair and regeneration to improve the positive results achievable with autologous grafts, either with full or partial thickness. Today, we observe a rising focus on dermal substitutes. They represent a valid option in the reconstruction of wound with large amount of dermal loss or with great scar retraction. Larger defects can be approached by the adoption of microsurgery and the harvesting of free flaps. Recently, innovative research studies have proposed the application of mesenchymal stem-cell-derived exosomes and nano-sized vesicles able to induce strong anti-inflammatory, anti-aging, and wound-healing effects, thereby easing the regenerative process.
One of the most complex skin districts to reconstruct is the facial region: here the skin has very varied characteristics changing thickness and elasticity, encountering very important vascular-nervous structures.
Dr. Giovanni Salzano
Dr. Chiara Copelli
- skin repair
- skin regeneration
- dermal substitute
- burn injuries
- skin defects
- autologous graft
- post-traumatic injuries
- chemical injury
- local flap
- free flap
|Journal Name||Impact Factor||CiteScore||Launched Year||First Decision (median)||APC|
|4.7||3.7||2013||14.7 Days||CHF 2600||Submit|
Journal of Clinical Medicinejcm
|3.9||5.4||2012||19.7 Days||CHF 2600||Submit|
Journal of Personalized Medicinejpm
|3.4||2.6||2011||20.2 Days||CHF 2600||Submit|
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