Topic Editors

SIMQG, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada
Dr. Brahim El Bhiri
SmartiLab, Rabat 10000, Morocco
Department of Computer Science, University of Jordan, Queen Rania St, Amman, Jordan
Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8654, Japan

Research on Blockchain Technology for Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Energy Trading

Abstract submission deadline
31 December 2024
Manuscript submission deadline
28 February 2025
Viewed by
6784

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

The emergence of small-scale power producers, whether through wind turbines, solar panels or other means of generation, is a global phenomenon that is shaking up the electric power industry from top to bottom. This transformation brings with it both opportunities and threats. Among the opportunities will be a greater flexibility to purchase surplus power, which could go beyond the boundaries of the distribution company to become trans-regional and even international. Climate change, inter-state influences during conflicts and new consumption habits, especially in the emergence of transportation electrification, will make this market very lucrative and an interesting field of research for new ways of doing things. This Special Issue facilitates the convergence of different research fields towards the emerging research on the automation of energy exchanges between a multitude of actors. In particular, it focuses on the blockchain, which can help maintain the trust relationship of stakeholders, transactional traceability, the democratization of the governance of energy exchange mechanisms and the facilitation of new entrants in the sector of electric energy production, storage and transportation. We therefore invite you to share your scientific papers on the application of different forms of blockchains, such as private blockchains and their applications in the energy sector; the protection of this type of infrastructure, including maintaining the internal integrity of the blockchain; the fundamental aspects and principles for a healthy governance of a system based on the blockchain; on the securing of these environments; new possibilities at the level of optimizing energy distribution; or to allow the emergence of new forms of energy production that minimize the carbon footprint of our societies.

Dr. Pierre Martin Tardif
Dr. Brahim Elbhiri
Dr. Bilal Abu-Salih
Dr. Kenji Tanaka
Topic Editors

Keywords

  • blockchain
  • cybersecurity
  • electric grid
  • energy exchange
  • optimization
  • sustainable development
  • trust

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Computers
computers
2.8 4.7 2012 17.7 Days CHF 1800 Submit
Energies
energies
3.2 5.5 2008 16.1 Days CHF 2600 Submit
Future Internet
futureinternet
3.4 6.7 2009 11.8 Days CHF 1600 Submit
Information
information
3.1 5.8 2010 18 Days CHF 1600 Submit
Mathematics
mathematics
2.4 3.5 2013 16.9 Days CHF 2600 Submit

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Published Papers (4 papers)

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18 pages, 1325 KiB  
Article
Hierarchical Blockchain Energy Trading Platform and Microgrid Management Optimization
by Kristián Košt’ál, Volodymyr Khilenko and Michal Hunák
Energies 2024, 17(6), 1333; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17061333 - 11 Mar 2024
Viewed by 515
Abstract
In this paper, we describe a solution that has been developed to create an intelligent software platform for the optimal management of energy trade (specifically a P2P trade) in microgrids. Furthermore, the choice of a solution based on the architecture of two-level hierarchical [...] Read more.
In this paper, we describe a solution that has been developed to create an intelligent software platform for the optimal management of energy trade (specifically a P2P trade) in microgrids. Furthermore, the choice of a solution based on the architecture of two-level hierarchical systems using the restrictions and recommendations of the control center is substantiated. A general functional design of the platform is proposed using blockchain technology and cyber security solutions. The proposed solution includes the technical specification of the presented platform using the game theory model as a special case without loss of generality. The enhanced learning method was used to simulate customer behavior. Simulation of the platform operation was carried out using the example of optimizing the peak-to-average network load by users making individual decisions using game theory algorithms. The simulation results of the implementation of scenarios with and without recommendations confirmed that the proposed model provides a better peak-to-average ratio (PAR) in the network. Full article
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16 pages, 541 KiB  
Review
A Systematic Literature Review on Authentication and Threat Challenges on RFID Based NFC Applications
by Ismail El Gaabouri, Mohamed Senhadji, Mostafa Belkasmi and Brahim El Bhiri
Future Internet 2023, 15(11), 354; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi15110354 - 27 Oct 2023
Viewed by 1906
Abstract
The Internet of Things (IoT) concept is tremendously applied in our current daily lives. The IoT involves Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) as a part of the infrastructure that helps with the data gathering from different types of sensors. In general, security worries have [...] Read more.
The Internet of Things (IoT) concept is tremendously applied in our current daily lives. The IoT involves Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) as a part of the infrastructure that helps with the data gathering from different types of sensors. In general, security worries have increased significantly as these types of technologies have become more common. For this reason, manifold realizations and studies have been carried out to address this matter. In this work, we tried to provide a thorough analysis of the cryptography-based solutions for RFID cards (MIFARE cards as a case study) by performing a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) to deliver the up-to-date trends and outlooks on this topic. Full article
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23 pages, 8711 KiB  
Review
Beyond Bitcoin: Evaluating Energy Consumption and Environmental Impact across Cryptocurrency Projects
by Ali Khosravi and Fanni Säämäki
Energies 2023, 16(18), 6610; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16186610 - 14 Sep 2023
Viewed by 1464
Abstract
Since their inception with Bitcoin in the late 2000s, cryptocurrencies have grown exponentially, reshaping traditional financial paradigms. This transformative journey, while innovative, brings forth pressing concerns about their energy consumption and carbon footprint. While many studies tend to zoom in on Bitcoin, this [...] Read more.
Since their inception with Bitcoin in the late 2000s, cryptocurrencies have grown exponentially, reshaping traditional financial paradigms. This transformative journey, while innovative, brings forth pressing concerns about their energy consumption and carbon footprint. While many studies tend to zoom in on Bitcoin, this paper broadens the perspective by evaluating energy consumption across various cryptocurrencies. We analyze nine cryptocurrency projects, chosen for their market value, technology, and data availability. These span a spectrum from pioneering to emerging digital coins, offering a holistic view of the crypto realm. To contextualize, we juxtapose the energy usage of these digital currencies with traditional payment means like Visa and Mastercard. Our analysis shows vast differences in energy use among cryptocurrencies, largely tied to their consensus algorithms. Notably, while Bitcoin stands out as highly energy-intensive, several newer digital currencies have energy footprints mirroring those of conventional payment methods. Additionally, CO2 emissions estimation presents challenges due to variances in miner locations and regional energy sources, with potential higher emissions if concentrated in carbon-intensive regions like China. Nonetheless, the silver lining emerges as many cryptocurrencies, especially those beyond Bitcoin, register considerably lower CO2 emissions. By moving the lens beyond Bitcoin, this paper paints a more nuanced picture of the environmental ramifications of the crypto world. Full article
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28 pages, 996 KiB  
Review
Smart Contract Design in Distributed Energy Systems: A Systematic Review
by Kimia Honari, Sara Rouhani, Nida E. Falak, Yuan Liu, Yunwei Li, Hao Liang, Scott Dick and James Miller
Energies 2023, 16(12), 4797; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16124797 - 19 Jun 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1388
Abstract
Blockchain technology and, in particular, smart contracts based on it, offers a new, decentralized mechanism for entering into and fulfilling contracts in diverse markets. Energy markets are no exception, and indeed, the decentralized nature of the blockchain may be particularly important for them [...] Read more.
Blockchain technology and, in particular, smart contracts based on it, offers a new, decentralized mechanism for entering into and fulfilling contracts in diverse markets. Energy markets are no exception, and indeed, the decentralized nature of the blockchain may be particularly important for them as the penetration of residential prosumers offering microgeneration to the grid grows. At this time, however, the literature on smart contracts in energy markets—and particularly their interaction with the technical infrastructure of the smart grid—is limited and scattered. There is a need to consolidate these studies into a comprehensive understanding of the state-of-the-art in smart contract design for the smart grid. However, no existing reviews focus on smart contracts in energy systems. The scope of our study is the role of smart contracts in energy systems and what limitations they encounter. We conduct a systematic review of this topic, focusing on systems that have been implemented as prototypes. These studies provide key evidence on the scalability of smart contracts for energy systems and their interaction with the technical elements of the smart grid. We selected a pool of 76 papers meeting our criteria, with three others excluded for misinterpreting fundamental aspects of blockchains and smart contracts. After reviewing each paper, we found that this literature falls into four categories: market operations, ancillary services, auditing and monitoring, and cybersecurity. We then identify and examine the cross-cutting concerns of data storage in and interoperability between blockchains. We finally discuss the implications of our findings for future research. In particular, there is likely to be a complex interplay between the data generated and stored via the blockchain versus the data required to meet energy system reliability targets and market obligations for participants. Full article
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