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Smart Spatial Planning

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Sustainability and Applications".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2022) | Viewed by 4757

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences (CICS.NOVA), Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities of the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 1069-061 Lisboa, Portugal
Interests: geography; geographic information system; remote sensing; geospatial approaches; spatial planning; science–policy interface; land change science; environmental sustainability
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
NOVA School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences (CICS.NOVA), Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Av. de Berna, 26-C, 1069-061 Lisboa, Portugal
Interests: geography; GIScience; remote sensing; urban planning; urban data; sustainable cities
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Instituto Dom Luiz, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, 1794-016 Lisboa, Portugal
Interests: sea level change; costal vulnerability and risk; climate change; geodesy and applications; geoid; land survey; hydrography

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Guest Editor
NOVA School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences (CICS.NOVA), Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Av. de Berna, 26-C, 1069-061 Lisboa, Portugal
Interests: cadastre; volunteered geographic information; spatial data infrastructures; spatial modeling; geographic information systems

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Spatial planning can be defined as ‘smart’ if it responds efficiently to a wide range of interrelated urban sustainability challenges—such as climate change, public health emergencies, urban growth, decaying infrastructure, rising inequality and governance—which defy the resilience of urban areas and territories. Smart refers to the potential advantage that is obtained by using anticipatory knowledge to face the increasing complexity and intensity of growth stressors in urban areas, which comprise multiple temporal and spatial scales, a number of different agents and several regulatory frameworks. Moreover, smart spatial planning uses both participatory governance and a systems thinking-based view on circular economy and sustainability perspectives, to promote (1) sustainable economy, (2) prosperity and (3) a wise environmental management.

To achieve future resilience, it is important to consider both the current and future priorities of a specific urban area, as well as the marginal future visions in that urban area. In this regard, emerging geospatial technologies and advanced scenario-based modelling approaches provide tools to help urban areas to anticipate and adapt to potential future stressors.

In this Special Issue, we would like to invite authors to submit innovative and original research that stimulates the debate on recent and future trends, in both processes and the roles played by spatial planning, and how advances in theory, methodology and/or policy related to planning can provide opportunities for a planning paradigm shift towards smart spatial planning.

Topics may include (but are not limited to):

  1. Theories, praxis and key concepts for smart spatial planning;
  2. Urban sustainability challenges and innovative planning practices and solutions;
  3. Emerging technologies and geospatial approaches;
  4. Participatory planning approaches and scenario building;
  5. Smart spatial planning.

Dr. Raquel Faria de Deus
Prof. Dr. José António Tenedório
Dr. Carlos Antunes
Dr. Rui Pedro Julião
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • smart spatial planning
  • urban sustainability challenges
  • anticipatory knowledge
  • participatory governance, resilient territories
  • emerging geospatial technologies
  • scenario building

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

20 pages, 5656 KiB  
Article
100 Years of Land-Use and Land-Cover Data: What Has Been the Effect of Spatial Planning in Coastal Land-Use and Land-Cover Change?
by Raquel Faria de Deus, José António Tenedório, Denise Pumain, Jorge Rocha and Margarida Pereira
Sustainability 2023, 15(9), 7636; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15097636 - 6 May 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1876
Abstract
The Sustainable Development Goals require us to rethink spatial planning policies’ effectiveness. This article proposes a reproducible method for assessing the effect of past planning practices and simulating future land-use and land-cover (LULC) changes with a Cellular Automata model. The originality of our [...] Read more.
The Sustainable Development Goals require us to rethink spatial planning policies’ effectiveness. This article proposes a reproducible method for assessing the effect of past planning practices and simulating future land-use and land-cover (LULC) changes with a Cellular Automata model. The originality of our approach is to systematically compare observed changes in LULC with the planning rules in force over almost a century of evolution. A quasi-exhaustive database was constructed at a very fine spatial resolution for the municipality of Portimão (Southern Portugal), including the location and changes of LULC categories, and the planning rules of the corresponding time period on nine dates between 1947 and 2018. The quantified measurement of the actual effect of planning rules enables us to identify other determinants of the evolution. Findings reveal that the policies established by the local government—which aimed to foster well-planned comprehensive urban areas—were not as effective as intended. The quantified discrepancies between planning recommendations and observed evolution help to simulate which LULC scenarios could be designed to reach the expected result in future planning policies. Our assessment method could be applied in other urban and tourist regions where land artificialization exerts strong pressure on the environment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Spatial Planning)
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34 pages, 21242 KiB  
Article
Modeling of Changes in Four Urban Capitals Using Up-to-Date Information Systems and Mathematical Graph-Based Simulative Models for Urban Regeneration (Kaunas Case)
by Kęstutis Zaleckis, Jūratė Kamičaitytė, Aušra Mlinkauskienė and Laura Jankauskaitė-Jurevičienė
Sustainability 2022, 14(24), 17014; https://doi.org/10.3390/su142417014 - 19 Dec 2022
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Abstract
There are numbers of various new infill constructions and renovations occurring in many cities annually that are based more on bottom-up initiatives by various stakeholders rather than top-down initiated plans according to a city master plan. Such infill modifications of urban structure might [...] Read more.
There are numbers of various new infill constructions and renovations occurring in many cities annually that are based more on bottom-up initiatives by various stakeholders rather than top-down initiated plans according to a city master plan. Such infill modifications of urban structure might look small, not very numerous and insignificant at the first glance, but even small changes in a complex system such as a city can cause significant shifts in the functioning of the urban network. The presented research, developed on mathematical graph simulative modeling, including space syntax but not restricting the model to it, and employing the theory of four urban capitals by Lars Marcus, offers a way to analyze how the spatial, social, ecological and economic capitals of Kaunas will change if all the currently confirmed and publicly announced construction projects are implemented. The urban spatial network is seen as an integrator and enabler of interactions between the other three capitals. Each of the capitals is represented by quantitative data in the weighted mathematical graph: spatial capital by the perimeters of buildings accessible from a public space; social capital by the number of inhabitants; economic capital by the mean values of land prices; and ecological capital by the size of green areas and their infrastructure. All the data for modeling of changes in the capitals, except the future land prices, was based on information from implemented and planned projects. In order to predict them, a neural network tool was applied. Considering that changes in the absolute values of capitals are in essence limited by local context (e.g., number of inhabitants, market size, natural geographical conditions, and limits of spatial structure for densification), the idea of a positive synergy between urban capitals is proposed and explained in this article. All the presented simulation models are validated using independent open data as density of points of interests, etc. The results of the investigation reveal that synergy between capitals will decrease in Kaunas and that complex top-down coordination of bottom-up initiated urban projects is needed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Spatial Planning)
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