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Sustainable Materials, Manufacturing and Design

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2024 | Viewed by 5631

Special Issue Editors

Department of Design & Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole BH12 5BB, UK
Interests: sustainability; materials and condition monitoring techniques
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Zeefam Technologies and Scientific Solutions, Pune 412114, India
Interests: integrity and corrosion management; metallurgical failure analysis; sustainability

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

 

“Sustainable Materials, Manufacturing and Design” is an upcoming Special Issue of Sustainability, an open access, multidisciplinary journal, which publishes original full-length articles and reviews papers focused on materials, manufacturing and design considering the fundamental science of sustainability. This Special Issue seeks to provide a platform for scientists, engineers and academics to present their insights into the field of sustainability in materials, manufacturing and design. Our aims in this Special Issue are to encourage scientists and technical experts to publish their theoretical and analytical findings and/or simulations in order to promote a greater understanding of sustainable materials and their manufacturing and design.

 

The Special Issue will cover, but is not limited to, the following topics:

  • Reliability and longevity of materials in terms of manufacturing and design;
  • Design technologies aimed at reducing environmental damage, and eco-friendly material development;
  • Design and development of recyclable materials on molecular, nano and micro-scale, etc.;
  • Design and development of eco-composites with life cycle approach;
  • Development of policy, standards and regulations;
  • Recycling of materials from large and complex objects;
  • Efficiency optimization of materials;
  • Development, manufacturing and design of materials for sustainable engineering components and devices.

 

This Special Issue entitled “Sustainable Materials, Manufacturing and Design” will create a platform for new and established researchers to contribute to the understanding of imbalances concerning the use and consumption of materials. As the use of engineering materials continues to grow across the world, sustainability is becoming ever more important.

Dr. Adil Saeed
Dr. Shagufta Khan
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • materials
  • design
  • sustainable engineering
  • eco-friendly
  • life cycle

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

16 pages, 3800 KiB  
Article
Sustainable Materials for Jewelry: Scenarios from a Design Perspective
Sustainability 2024, 16(3), 1309; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16031309 - 04 Feb 2024
Viewed by 513
Abstract
The complex nature of materiality describes the modern era and raises several questions, especially regarding sustainability. With the significant expansion of science and industry, the variety of materials available for designers is unlimited, and they are no longer forced to use materials that [...] Read more.
The complex nature of materiality describes the modern era and raises several questions, especially regarding sustainability. With the significant expansion of science and industry, the variety of materials available for designers is unlimited, and they are no longer forced to use materials that are provided directly by nature. Therefore, artificial materials are becoming more popular, offering new possibilities from a creative and innovative perspective. This introduces a new, challenging context for the jewelry design practice that should provide a positive and more sustainable approach. The paper aims to define future scenarios for sustainable materials for jewelry merging science and design. Cutting-edge movements are experimentally operating at the intersections of varied fields, occasionally deviating from conventional methods. Primarily, this article is intended to provide an overview of the current advancements in sustainable materials, emphasizing the strengths and potential benefits they could offer. Then, the paper investigates four scenarios as results of the intersection between science and design, highlighting the impact on the jewelry field. Four scenarios will analyze the materials currently employed in different fields and their possible application in future innovative tracks: designing sensibly; reshaping waste; modeling nature; making in lab. Lastly, this paper shows how crucial it is for designers and companies to take a proactive role and become agents to extend access to sustainable solutions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Materials, Manufacturing and Design)
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24 pages, 4667 KiB  
Article
Sustainable Dyeing and Functional Finishing of Cotton Fabric by Rosa canina Extracts
Sustainability 2024, 16(1), 227; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16010227 - 26 Dec 2023
Viewed by 521
Abstract
This paper presents a comprehensive study on a novel ultrasound-assisted extraction process for Rosa canina, utilizing both dry and fresh fruits, and explores the potential application of Rosa canina extraction as a natural dye and functional agent for cotton fabrics. The ultrasound-assisted [...] Read more.
This paper presents a comprehensive study on a novel ultrasound-assisted extraction process for Rosa canina, utilizing both dry and fresh fruits, and explores the potential application of Rosa canina extraction as a natural dye and functional agent for cotton fabrics. The ultrasound-assisted extraction employed different solvents, including distilled water, methanol, and a water/methanol mixture (50/50% v/v), conducted at 60 °C for 60 min. The extracted compounds were characterized through ultraviolet–visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy and high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet spectroscopy (HPLC-UV) analysis to assess the chemical composition. Textile applications were then performed using bio-mordant chitosan in a pre-mordanting process, and the treated cotton fabrics underwent analysis for surface chemistry and chemical composition using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Untreated and treated fabrics, both with and without mordant, were evaluated for their UV protection and antibacterial properties. Color measurements and dyeability properties of the extractions were also assessed. Furthermore, waste solutions from textile applications were analyzed by UV-Vis spectroscopy to investigate the potential transfer of active compounds to the fabrics. Results indicate that Rosa canina, as a plant-based extract, holds significant potential for sustainable dyeing and functional finishing of cotton fabrics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Materials, Manufacturing and Design)
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15 pages, 4244 KiB  
Article
Power-Efficient Design of Large-Aperture Magnets for High-Energy Physics
Sustainability 2023, 15(14), 10987; https://doi.org/10.3390/su151410987 - 13 Jul 2023
Viewed by 603
Abstract
A novel and sustainability-oriented approach to the design of large-aperture iron-dominated magnets is proposed, focusing on its application to charged particle momentum detection in high-energy experimental physics. As compared to classical design techniques, a broader number of goals and constraints is taken into [...] Read more.
A novel and sustainability-oriented approach to the design of large-aperture iron-dominated magnets is proposed, focusing on its application to charged particle momentum detection in high-energy experimental physics. As compared to classical design techniques, a broader number of goals and constraints is taken into account, considering jointly the detection performance, the minimization of both the electrical power and magnet size, and the electromagnetic efficiency. A case study is considered for the detector magnet of a specific experiment, where the optimal design is pursued with semi-analytical tools, duly introducing the main quantities’ scaling laws in analytical form and successively validating the results with 3D numerical tools. A solution at higher energy efficiency is obtained, as compared to a more traditional design point of view. The proposed methodology can be fruitfully employed also in the design of magnets with a reduced ecological footprint in a number of other industrial and medical applications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Materials, Manufacturing and Design)
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16 pages, 5692 KiB  
Article
Corrosion Mechanisms of 304L NAG in Boiling 9M HNO3 Containing Cr (VI) Ions
Sustainability 2023, 15(2), 916; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15020916 - 04 Jan 2023
Viewed by 1048
Abstract
In this research, the mechanisms of end-grain corrosion of 304L NAG tubes in boiling 9M HNO3-containing Cr (VI) ions are reported to sustainably manage the corrosion of nuclear fuel reprocessing plant components. Specific heat treatments were applied to as-received specimens to [...] Read more.
In this research, the mechanisms of end-grain corrosion of 304L NAG tubes in boiling 9M HNO3-containing Cr (VI) ions are reported to sustainably manage the corrosion of nuclear fuel reprocessing plant components. Specific heat treatments were applied to as-received specimens to produce phosphorus and/or sulphur intergranular segregation. End-grain corrosion on heat-treated specimens and the effect of a Cr (VI) concentration on a 304L NAG tube (as-received) were investigated. It has been reported that an increase in Cr (VI) ions leads to the acceleration of end-grain corrosion due to high electrochemical potential. After systematic heat treatments on the 304L NAG specimens, it is concluded that the primary causes of heat-induced end-grain corrosion are phosphorus or sulphur segregation to the grain boundaries. The key findings of this research are highly significant in terms of understanding the corrosion mechanisms and controlling the end-grain corrosion of NAG steel in boiling HNO3 environments. This research will help to sustainably reduce power plant maintenance costs and will have a significant impact on the delivery of long-term, clean, secure, and tenable energy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Materials, Manufacturing and Design)
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19 pages, 6178 KiB  
Article
Development of Self-Cured Sustainable Concrete Using Local Water-Entrainment Aggregates of Vesicular Basalt
Sustainability 2021, 13(12), 6756; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126756 - 15 Jun 2021
Viewed by 1844
Abstract
The environmental and economic concerns pertaining to the construction industry have necessitated the development of sustainable concrete. Durability and strength are the two primary properties which determine the sustainability of concrete. This study evaluated the performance of self-cured concrete produced from local vesicular [...] Read more.
The environmental and economic concerns pertaining to the construction industry have necessitated the development of sustainable concrete. Durability and strength are the two primary properties which determine the sustainability of concrete. This study evaluated the performance of self-cured concrete produced from local vesicular basalt porous aggregates. The durability indicators, porosity, permeability and pore size of the hardened concrete, were obtained from the water sorptivity (water permeability under capillary action) test, the water permeability under pressure action test and the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area test and strength was evaluated in terms of compressive strength of concrete. The concrete specimens were produced with 10% porous vesicular basalt aggregate in replacement of coarse aggregate. The concrete specimens were tested at 3, 7 and 28 days. The self-curing effect on concrete strength was evaluated against water, air and membrane cured specimens, at surface/volume ratio of 26.4/40 and w/c ratio of 0.35/0.5. A 20% decrease in sorptivity coefficient, 10% increase in solid surface area and about 10% increase in compressive strength of the self-cured concrete was observed over the conventionally cured concrete. The study concludes that the addition of water-entrainment aggregates to concrete reduces water permeability, results in a finer pore structure of concrete and increases the quality and durability of concrete. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Materials, Manufacturing and Design)
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