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Sustainable Waste Water Management and Treatment

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Waste and Recycling".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2023) | Viewed by 4171

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
1. Science Engineer Laboratory for Energy (LabSIPE), National School of Applied Sciences, Chouaïb Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco
2. Chemical & Biochemical Sciences, Green Process Engineering, Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Ben Guerir, Morocco
Interests: adsorption treatment; infiltration–percolation treatment; solar distillation; bioadsorbents; water pollution; sludge valorization; water reuse; waste valorization; physical–chemical characterization of wastewater

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Guest Editor
Chemical and Biochemical Sciences, Green Process Engineering, Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P), Benguerir 43150, Morocco
Interests: phosphoric acid; desalination; phosphogypsum; trace elements; rare earths; novel products; water; separation technologies and processes in different industrial sectors; the purification and treatment of phosphoric acid

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Guest Editor
University of Technology of Compiegne – Alliance Sorbonne University, Department of Chemical Engineering / EA 4297 TIMR, Centre de Recherche de Royallieu, Rue du Dr Schweitzer, CS 60319, CEDEX, 60200 Compiegne, France
Interests: wastewater treatment; hydrodynamics; mass transport in porous media; filtration; soil remediation technology; fate and transport of contaminants in subsurface soils; colloid and bacteria contamination; biological treatment; physico-chemical processes at solid–air–water interfaces

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Guest Editor
Molecular Biology and Biochemical Engineering Department, Chemical Engineering Area, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, ES-14013 Seville, Spain
Interests: advanced oxidation processes; kinetic growth; biomass growth, industrial and urban wastewater, contaminant removal; wastewater treatment; clean technologies; sustainability and regeneration of wastewater; circular economy
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Due to the increasing water demand, wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) do not only remove impurities and pollutants from wastewater, but also convert it into an effluent that can be returned to the water cycle. There are varieties of sustainable wastewater treatment technologies allowing for wastewater to be reused, including biological, chemical and physical processes. A combination of these is often applied to acquire a water quality that complies with environmental protection regulations, and to develop the most cost-effective management solution for wastewater.

In this sense, the type of treatment or combination of different varieties of treatments are able to ensure a sustainable wastewater treatment, allowing for decreases in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions and the recovery of raw materials in order to conserve natural resources.

This Special Issue of Sustainability aims to provide scientists, professors, professionals and research scholars with opportunities and challenges to develop and share their latest advances in sustainable wastewater management and treatment. For this reason, we are pleased to invite authors to submit original research as well as review articles with the potential to improve the development of this field.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Mounia Achak
Dr. Khaoula Khaless
Dr. Edvina Lamy
Prof. Dr. Gassan Hodaifa
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • wastewater treatment
  • combination process treatment
  • recycling processes
  • reuse processes
  • innovation and by-product valorization
  • biosourced materials
  • advanced technologies
  • raw material recovery
  • greenhouse gas emissions
  • energy approach

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

13 pages, 1899 KiB  
Article
Microalgal Growth and Nutrient Removal Efficiency in Non-Sterilised Primary Domestic Wastewater
by Yeong Hwang Tan, Mee Kin Chai, Ji Yu Na and Ling Shing Wong
Sustainability 2023, 15(8), 6601; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15086601 - 13 Apr 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1656
Abstract
Microalgae biomass can produce high quantities of biochemicals that can be used in various applications such as biodiesel, biogas, and aquaculture feed. The potential of sterilizing wastewater for microalgae-based wastewater treatment on a lab scale is well introduced. However, the operation cost for [...] Read more.
Microalgae biomass can produce high quantities of biochemicals that can be used in various applications such as biodiesel, biogas, and aquaculture feed. The potential of sterilizing wastewater for microalgae-based wastewater treatment on a lab scale is well introduced. However, the operation cost for large-scale microalgae cultivation in wastewater treatment plants is high if using sterilising wastewater as the growth medium. The present study aimed to evaluate the growth of Scenedesmus sp., Chlorococcum aquaticum, Ankistrodesmus augustus, and Haematococcus pluvialis in non-sterilised domestic wastewater and their potential for pollutant removal in wastewater. The microalgae were cultivated in different concentrations of non-sterilised domestic wastewater, collected from a primary wastewater plant of a national sewerage company in Malaysia. Each species’ capacity for growth and the removal of pollutants were assessed. The results showed that the cell density, maximum biomass productivity, and biomass concentration of H. pluvialis, Scenedesmus sp., and C. aquaticum in 100% wastewater were significantly higher than the standard medium. Higher biomass concentration was obtained from H. pluvialis and C. aquaticum in 100% wastewater (815 g/L and 775.83 mg/L); nevertheless, Scenedesmus sp. in 100% wastewater yielded the highest specific growth rate (0.798 d−1) and the maximum biomass productivity (99.33 mg/L/day). Scenedesmus sp. in 100% wastewater also achieved better removal efficiency of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), and ammonia (N-NH4) with more than 90%. All tested microalgae species successfully remove nitrogen, ammonium, and phosphorus and reach the concentration limits set by the Department of the Environment, Malaysia. This study demonstrated that microalgae can grow well in non-sterilised domestic wastewater while simultaneously removing nitrogen and phosphorus effectively. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Waste Water Management and Treatment)
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16 pages, 1885 KiB  
Article
Cotton Spinning Waste as a Microporous Activated Carbon: Application to Remove Sulfur Compounds in a Tunisian Refinery Company
by Bechir Wannassi, Mohammad Kanan, Ichrak Ben Hariz, Ramiz Assaf, Zaher Abusaq, Mohamed Ben Hassen, Salem Aljazzar, Siraj Zahran, Mohammed T. Khouj and Ahmad S. Barham
Sustainability 2023, 15(1), 654; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15010654 - 30 Dec 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1788
Abstract
The petroleum industry plays a vital role in the economies of developing countries. Refinery wastewater pollution has increased in recent years due to the increase in the industrial and urban use of petroleum products. The present work demonstrates how textile waste can be [...] Read more.
The petroleum industry plays a vital role in the economies of developing countries. Refinery wastewater pollution has increased in recent years due to the increase in the industrial and urban use of petroleum products. The present work demonstrates how textile waste can be modified into a material that can effectively remove sulfur pollutants from refinery wastewater. An economic activated carbon (AC) material was developed by using cotton spinning waste from a textile company. The chemical activation was carried out using nitric acid (HNO3), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and potassium hydroxide (KOH). The characterization of the obtained activated carbons was performed using the SEM, BET, and FTIR techniques. The effect of the experimental adsorption condition was investigated using both bed and batch isotherms. The results show that effluent flow has the highest effect on sulfur compound adsorption. The greatest adsorption capacity of the sulfur compounds was found to be around 168.4 mg·g−1. The equilibrium data were investigated using the Freundlich, Langmuir, Dubinin–Radushkevich, Tóth, and Sips isotherm models. The Langmuir model exhibited the best fit ( = 0.98) for the sulfur compounds’ adsorption, which implies that their adsorption onto the synthesized AC was homogeneous. The kinetic data were tested with pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticular diffusion equations. The pseudo-second-order equation described the kinetic data well ( = 0.99), indicating that this adsorption may be restricted by the chemisorption process. These properties under optimal conditions make the obtained ACs suitable for use in refinery wastewater treatment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Waste Water Management and Treatment)
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