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Advanced Research on Sustainable Performance Optimization in Electrical Systems

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 26 September 2024 | Viewed by 6743

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
SATIE, ENS Rennes, CNRS, Bruz, France
Interests: mechatronics; co-design and experimental approach of complex systems; sustainable power electronics; smart grids; werable transducers; bio-inspired hydrodynamics

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Guest Editor
SATIE, ENS Rennes, CNRS, Bruz, France
Interests: life cycle analysis; design; modelling and optimization of novel topologies of electromagnetic actuators and generators; the optimisation methodology of renewable energy systems; smart grids

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Guest Editor
G2ELab, CNRS/UGA, Grenoble, France
Interests: power electronics; eco-design; modular design; design for sustainability
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The search for intrinsic usage-limited performance can lead to poor life cycle solutions in terms of resource consumption, pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental impacts. Despite the fact that electrical systems are known to greatly improve energy efficiency, they have disastrous impacts on the environment.

An awareness is growing among research laboratories, increasingly considering environmental issues related to the new and old uses of electrical systems. For instance, although it is necessary, the use of renewable energy for a system to be sustainable. For it to be sustainable, the environmental cost of the system itself over its life cycle must be considered. This complex problem needs first to be characterized specifically for electrical systems. Then, tools must be designed to address the issues, to find the trade-offs between functional and environmental performance. Thus, this defines sustainable performance optimization of electrical systems, the scope of this Special Issue.

Dr. Gurvan Jodin
Dr. Hamid Ben Ahmed
Dr. Jean-Christophe Crebier
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • indicators and indexes
  • diagnosis
  • life cycle analysis of electrical power systems
  • eco-design
  • eco-optimization
  • design for circularity
  • reuse
  • remanufacture
  • refurbish
  • reliability
  • recyclability
  • sustainable power systems

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

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17 pages, 19374 KiB  
Article
Investigating the Technical Reuse Potential of Crystalline Photovoltaic Modules with Regard to a Recycling Alternative
by Anna Katharina Schnatmann, Tobi Reimers, Erik Hüdepohl, Jonah Umlauf, Pia Kleinebekel, Fabian Schoden and Eva Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp
Sustainability 2024, 16(3), 958; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16030958 - 23 Jan 2024
Viewed by 838
Abstract
Photovoltaics (PV) is a key pillar of renewable energy supply. However, the climate and resource crisis make it necessary to implement further optimizations toward a circular economy in the PV industry. One strategy for saving resources and lowering carbon dioxide emissions is the [...] Read more.
Photovoltaics (PV) is a key pillar of renewable energy supply. However, the climate and resource crisis make it necessary to implement further optimizations toward a circular economy in the PV industry. One strategy for saving resources and lowering carbon dioxide emissions is the reuse of modules (second-life PV). As part of this work, various tests were carried out with crystalline modules from two different manufacturers. The modules had already been transported to a recycling company and were originally intended for recycling. The measurements carried out provide a comprehensive assessment of the condition of the PV modules. In total, five different measurement methods were used, two of which related to short-term measurements under controlled laboratory conditions and three to long-term assessments under real conditions. The investigation illustrated that modules from the recycling company have potential for reuse. However, it also showed that a clearly differentiated classification system is necessary due to module age- and environmental conditions-related degradation. Qualification and further long-term measurements should be implemented using a combination of measurement methods. Full article
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18 pages, 1616 KiB  
Article
Cradle-to-Gate Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of GaN Power Semiconductor Device
by Laura Vauche, Gabin Guillemaud, Joao-Carlos Lopes Barbosa and Léa Di Cioccio
Sustainability 2024, 16(2), 901; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16020901 - 20 Jan 2024
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2210
Abstract
Wide Band Gap (WBG) semiconductors have the potential to provide significant improvements in energy efficiency over conventional silicon (Si) semiconductors. While the potential for energy efficiency gains is widely researched, the relation to the energy and resource use during manufacturing processes remains insufficiently [...] Read more.
Wide Band Gap (WBG) semiconductors have the potential to provide significant improvements in energy efficiency over conventional silicon (Si) semiconductors. While the potential for energy efficiency gains is widely researched, the relation to the energy and resource use during manufacturing processes remains insufficiently studied. In order to appraise the performance of the technology thoroughly, issues such as raw material scarcity, toxicity and environmental impacts need to be investigated in detail. However, sparse Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data are available for the two currently most widespread WBG semiconductor materials, gallium nitride (GaN or GaN/Si) and silicon carbide (SiC). This paper, for the first time, presents a cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment for a GaN/Si power device. To allow for a full range of indicators, life cycle assessment method EF 3.1 was used to analyze the results. The results identify environmental hotspots associated with different materials and processes: electricity consumption for the processes and clean room facilities, direct emissions of greenhouse gases, gold (when used), and volatile organic chemicals. Finally, we compare this result with publicly available data for Si, GaN and SiC power devices. Full article
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27 pages, 21393 KiB  
Article
Reference Framework Based on a Two-Stage Strategy for Sizing and Operational Management in Electrical Microgrid Planning
by Fabian Zuñiga-Cortes, Eduardo Caicedo-Bravo and Juan D. Garcia-Racines
Sustainability 2023, 15(19), 14449; https://doi.org/10.3390/su151914449 - 3 Oct 2023
Viewed by 874
Abstract
The challenges of today’s energy landscape, marked by the search for sustainable development, the expansion of coverage, and the diversification of the energy matrix, allow for electricity systems focusing on renewable energy resources. Microgrids are considered an efficient paradigm for managing distributed renewable [...] Read more.
The challenges of today’s energy landscape, marked by the search for sustainable development, the expansion of coverage, and the diversification of the energy matrix, allow for electricity systems focusing on renewable energy resources. Microgrids are considered an efficient paradigm for managing distributed renewable energy generation and providing reliable access to electricity in remote areas where the grid has not been extended. However, their planning is a complex task that requires a thorough understanding of various multi-dimensional aspects and decision-making scenarios to define feasible and sustainable alternatives. In this context, this study presents a new planning framework based on a two-stage strategy. The strategy seeks to optimize the capacity of generation resources, considering the microgrid’s operational knowledge in various scenarios and aspects related to its sustainability. The framework was evaluated through a case of planning a microgrid for a remote community in Vaupés, Colombia, considering the local energy potential and demand requirements. Twenty optimized alternatives were identified based on the best compromise levels achieved for a set of performance criteria in the technical, economic, environmental, and social dimensions. Full article
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Review

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23 pages, 3409 KiB  
Review
State of the Art of Research towards Sustainable Power Electronics
by Florentin Salomez, Hugo Helbling, Morgan Almanza, Ulrich Soupremanien, Guillaume Viné, Adrien Voldoire, Bruno Allard, Hamid Ben-Ahmed, Daniel Chatroux, Antoine Cizeron, Mylène Delhommais, Murielle Fayolle-Lecocq, Vincent Grennerat, Pierre-Oliver Jeannin, Lionel Laudebat, Boubakr Rahmani, Paul-Étienne Vidal, Luiz Villa, Laurent Dupont and Jean-Christophe Crébier
Sustainability 2024, 16(5), 2221; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16052221 - 6 Mar 2024
Viewed by 1276
Abstract
Sustainability in power electronics is a recent research topic. It takes place among current actions to grasp design choices that enable eco-design and circular economy in the domain. This paper shows the results and analysis of a literature review at the intersection of [...] Read more.
Sustainability in power electronics is a recent research topic. It takes place among current actions to grasp design choices that enable eco-design and circular economy in the domain. This paper shows the results and analysis of a literature review at the intersection of power electronics and sustainability without considering the reliability study of the power electronics systems. The first part explains the scope of the study. The second part shows a bibliometric analysis of the collected publications that underlines a pioneering position at the European level. The third part details the state-of-the-art and its analysis over four investigation topics which are: tools and methods, indicators, circularity and materials. This paper and the work behind are the results of collaboration at the French national level, as part of the workgroup CEPPS (Convertisseurs Electronique de Puissance Plus Soutenables—More Sustainable Power Electronics Converters) supported by the CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique—French National Centre for Scientific Research) research group SEEDS (Systèmes d’énergie électrique dans leurs dimensions sociétales—Societal dimensions of electrical energy systems). Full article
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18 pages, 1320 KiB  
Review
Enhancing Sustainability in Power Electronics through Regulations and Standards: A Literature Review
by Li Fang, Tugce Turkbay Romano, Maud Rio, Julien Mélot and Jean-Christophe Crébier
Sustainability 2024, 16(3), 1042; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16031042 - 25 Jan 2024
Viewed by 1050
Abstract
Considering sustainability in Power Electronics (PE) is a relatively recent topic of interest. However, the existing regulatory and normative frameworks supposed to guide designers and industries in this direction have not been combined in an exhaustive way. This article aims to bridge the [...] Read more.
Considering sustainability in Power Electronics (PE) is a relatively recent topic of interest. However, the existing regulatory and normative frameworks supposed to guide designers and industries in this direction have not been combined in an exhaustive way. This article aims to bridge the gap by conducting a literature review of the regulative and normative constraints for sustainability in PE. This study primarily addresses the framework at the European level, with a focus on French regulations and standards. In this study, a total of 63 relevant documents are collected and analyzed. A framework representing the overview of existing legislation and facultative guidelines for PE ecodesign is established. A collaborative online tool is developed to enable access to the inventory by PE stakeholders. The analysis of the framework outlines the limitations and challenges needing to be addressed, including the absence of constraints on environmental performance, the inadequacy of material efficiency standards for PE products, and the unclear methodology for ecodesign implementation. This work, undertaken at the European level with a detailed examination of the French context, is intended to serve as an inspiring analysis for other countries and for PE designers who are considering the regulatory framework of a European representative country. Full article
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