Hydrothermal Systems Across Time and Space: Advances and Perspectives
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2022) | Viewed by 15193
2. Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn di Napoli, Napoli, Italy
Interests: igneous mineralogy and geochemistry; magmatic-hydrothermal systems; hydrothermal Fe-Si oxyhydroxide deposits; analogues of hydrothermal systems on Mars
Interests: submarine hydrothermal systems; fluids geochemistry; submarine deposits; acoustics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Interests: benthic communities; hydrothermal systems; biodiversity
Since the origins of life, marine hydrothermal environments have represented one of the most fascinating ecosystems on Earth. In modern seas, hydrothermal systems favour highly productive biological communities over a wide range of physical and chemical environments, providing energy sources for biological communities in the deep sea. Generated fluids sustain distinct and diverse marine ecosystems, affecting the ocean chemistry and controlling the cycle of chemical elements. The hydrothermal process is also essential for mineral deposition and the selective enrichment of specific elements on the seafloor (possible analogues to on-land ore deposits). Hydrothermal systems are ubiquitous, ruling the evolution of life on Earth. Deciphering the hydrothermal signature within sediments across geological records allows us to reconstruct the history and the environmental conditions of past activities thanks to the unique mineralogical and geochemical imprinting and to the presence of possible biological traces. In addition, deep-sea hydrothermal settings have received attention as promising analogues of early terrestrial, as well as extraterrestrial, ecosystems. Hydrothermal systems thus unite biology and geology to breathe new life into this fascinating field of research.
This Special Issue seeks new studies on hydrothermal systems in order to bring together significant advances on the topic by an integrated mineralogical, geochemical and biological approach so as to obtain diverse perspectives on the evolution of life on Earth and on other planets in the Solar System. Our goal is to collect new information from geosciences and biosciences, gaining a better insight into the nature of interactions between abiotic and biotic components and their relationship with the mineralogy and geochemistry of the solid deposits and the discharged fluids of the hydrothermal systems.
We believe that this topic is profoundly important due to the fact that researchers in various different fields have data, mostly unpublished as it was deemed of minor importance, which, if interpreted differently, may prove significant in furthering the scientific community’s understanding of the evolution of hydrothermal systems.
We look forward to reviewing your contributions.
- mineral deposits
- geochemical processes
- magmatic–hydrothermal systems
- fluid geochemistry
- shallow-water and deep-sea hydrothermal environments
- Seafloor Massive Sulphides
- dynamics of living and fossil communities
- hydrothermal fossil deposits
- biogeochemical processes and biomineralization
- polymetallic nodules
- iron formations
- extraterrestrial implications